NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11 - Human Eye and Colourful World

Clear concepts and doubts of the chapter The Human Eye and Colourful class 10 with NCERT solutions. These solutions are loaded with exercise questions and answers and approach students in a friendly way. Download NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths from Vedantu, which are curated by master teachers. Science Students who are looking for Class 10 Science NCERT Solutions will also find the Solutions curated by our Master Teachers really Helpful. By going through with these solutions, students can effectively prepare for their board and competitive exams.

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Access NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science  Chapter 11 Human eye and colourful world part-1

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11 Human Eye and Colourful World

1. What is meant by the power of accommodation of the eye?

Ans: When the ciliary muscles are relaxed, the eye lens becomes thin. This results in the increase of the focal length, and distant objects are clearly visible to the eyes. 

To see the nearby objects clearly, the ciliary muscles contract which makes the eye lens thicker. This results in reduction of focal length of the eye lens, and the nearby objects become visible to the eyes.

Therefore, the focal length can be adjusted by the human eye lens to view both distant and nearby objects on the retina. This ability of the eye refers to the power of accommodation of the eye.


2. A person with a myopic eye cannot see objects beyond \[1.2\] m distinctly. What should be the type of corrective lens used to restore proper vision?

Ans: The person can clearly see the objects which are near, but he cannot see the objects beyond \[1.2m\] . This arises as the image of an object beyond \[1.2m\] is obtained in front of the retina and not at the retina, as displayed in the figure given below.

(Image will be uploaded soon)

To correct this defect of vision, a concave lens should be used. The image will be brought back to the retina by the concave lens as shown in the given figure.

(Image will be uploaded soon)


3. What is the far point and near point of the human eye with normal vision?

Ans: The near point of the eye refers to the minimum distance of the object from the eye that can be seen clearly without any strain to the eye. This distance is \[25\] cm, for a normal human eye.

The far point of the eye refers to the maximum distance to which the eye can clearly see the objects, without getting any strain to the eye. The far point of the normal human eye is at an infinite distance.


4. A student has difficulty reading the blackboard while sitting in the last row. What could be the defect the child is suffering from? How can it be corrected?

Ans: A student has difficulty in reading the blackboard while sitting in the last row. It means that he is unable to see distant objects clearly.

The student is suffering from myopia. This defect can be corrected using a concave lens.


MCQs

1. The human eye can focus objects at different distances by adjusting the focal length of the eye lens. This is due to

  1. Presbyopia

  2. Accommodation

  3. Near-sightedness

  4. Far-sightedness

Ans: The correct answer is (b) accommodation, 

The focal length of the eye lens is changed by the human eye to see objects situated at various distances from the eye. This is possible due to the power of accommodation of the eye lens.


2. The human eye forms the image of an object at its

  1. Cornea

  2. Iris

  3. Pupil

  4. Retina

Ans: (d) The image of an object is formed by the human eye at its retina.


3. The least distance of distinct vision for a young adult with normal vision is about

  1. \[25m\]

  2. \[2.5cm\]

  3. \[25cm\]

  4. \[2.5m\]

Ans: (c) The least distance of distinct vision refers to the minimum distance to see a clear and distinct image. This distance is \[25cm\] for a young adult with normal vision.


4. The change in focal length of an eye lens is caused by the action of the

  1. Pupil

  2. Retina

  3. Ciliary muscles

  4. Iris

Ans: (c) The curvature of the eye lens is changed by the relaxation or contraction of ciliary muscles.

The focal length of the eyes is changed due to the change in curvature of the eye lens. Therefore, the change in focal length of an eye lens occurs due to the action of ciliary muscles.


5. A person needs a lens of power \[-5.5\] dioptres for correcting his distant vision. For correcting his near vision, he needs a lens of power \[+1.5\] dioptre. What is the focal length of the lens required for correcting 

(a) distant vision?

Ans:  The power \[P\]of a lens of focal length \[f\] is given by the relation

\[P=\frac{1}{f}\]  (\[f\]in metres)

Power of the lens used for correcting distant vision \[=-5.5D\]

Focal length of the required lens, \[f=\frac{1}{P}\]

\[\Rightarrow f=\frac{1}{-5.5}=-0.181m\]

The focal length of the lens for correcting distant vision is \[-0.181\]m.

(b) Near vision? 

Ans: Power of the lens used for correcting near vision \[=+1.5D\] 

Focal length of the required lens, \[f=\frac{1}{P}\]

\[\Rightarrow f=\frac{1}{1.5}=+0.667\]

The focal length of the lens for correcting near vision is \[0.667\]m.


6. The far point of a myopic person is 80 cm in front of the eye. What is the nature and power of the lens required to correct the problem?

Ans: The person is suffering from an eye defect called myopia. In this defect, the image of an object is formed in front of the retina. Hence, a concave lens is used to correct this defect of vision.

Object distance, \[u=\,infinity=\infty \]

Image distance, \[v=\,-80cm\]

Focal length \[=f\]

According to the lens formula,

\[\frac{1}{v}-\frac{1}{u}=\frac{1}{f}\]

\[\Rightarrow -\frac{1}{80}-\frac{1}{\infty }=\frac{1}{f}\]

\[\Rightarrow \frac{1}{f}=-\frac{1}{80}\]

\[\Rightarrow f=-80cm\] or \[-0.8m\]

Power of the lens and the focus can be given as:

\[P=\frac{1}{f}\] ,( \[f\]is in metres)

\[\Rightarrow P=\frac{1}{-0.8}=-1.25D\]

Thus, a concave lens of power \[-1.25D\] is required by the person to correct his defect.


7. Make a diagram to show how hypermetropia is corrected. The near point of a hypermetropic eye is \[1m\]. What is the power of the lens required to correct this defect? Assume that the near point of the normal eye is 25cm.

Ans: A person who suffers from hypermetropia can see distinct objects clearly but faces difficulty in seeing nearby objects clearly. This happens because the eye lens focuses the incoming divergent rays beyond the retina.

This defect of vision can be fixed using a convex lens. A convex lens of a suitable power converges the incoming light in such a manner that the image is formed on the retina, as shown in the given figure.

(Image will be uploaded soon)

The person will be able to clearly see the object kept at 25cm (near point of the

normal eye), if the image of the object is formed at his near point, which is given as \[1m\].

Object distance, \[u=-25cm\] 

Image distance, \[v=-1m=-100cm\]

Focal length, \[f\]

Using the lens formula, 

\[\frac{1}{v}-\frac{1}{u}=\frac{1}{f}\]

\[\Rightarrow -\frac{1}{100}-\frac{1}{-25}=\frac{1}{f}\]

\[\Rightarrow \frac{1}{f}=\frac{1}{25}-\frac{1}{100}\]

\[\Rightarrow \frac{1}{f}=\frac{4-1}{100}\]

\[\Rightarrow f=\frac{100}{3}cm=33.33cm=0.33m\]

Power, 

\[P=\frac{1}{f}\] (\[f\] is in meters)

\[\Rightarrow P=\frac{1}{0.33}\]

\[\Rightarrow P=+3D\]

Thus, a convex lens of power +3.0 D is needed to rectify the defect.


9. What happens to the image distance in the eye when we increase the distance of an object from the eye?

Ans: The size of eyes cannot increase or decrease because of which the image distance remains constant.

When the object’s distance from the eye is increased, the image distance in the eye does not change. The increase in the object distance is balanced by the change in the focal length of the eye lens. The focal length of the eye changes in such a manner that the image is always formed at the retina of the eye.


10. Why do stars twinkle?

Ans: Stars emit their own light and they shine due to the atmospheric refraction of light.

Stars are situated very far away from the earth. Therefore, they are considered as point sources of light. When the light coming from stars enters the earth’s atmosphere, it gets refracted at different levels because of the variation in air density present at different levels of the atmosphere. 

When the star light refracted by the atmosphere comes more towards the surface of earth, it appears brighter than when it comes less towards the earth. Clearly, it appears as if the stars are twinkling at night.


11. Explain why the planets do not twinkle?

Ans: Planets do not twinkle because they appear larger in size than the stars as they are comparatively closer to earth. Planets are a collection of many point-sized sources of light. The various regions of these planets produce either brighter or dimmer effect in such a way that the resultant of brighter and dimmer effect is zero.

Clearly, the twinkling effects of the planets are nullified and that is why they do not twinkle.


12. Why does the Sun appear reddish early in the morning?

Ans: During sunrise, the light rays from the sun travel a greater distance in the earth’s atmosphere before reaching our eyes. In this journey, the shorter wavelengths of lights are spread out and only the longer wavelengths reach our eyes. 

Since blue colour has a short wavelength and red colour has a long wavelength, red colour can reach our eyes after the atmospheric scattering of light. Thus, the sun appears to be reddish early in the morning.


13. Why does the sky appear dark instead of blue to an astronaut?

Ans: Since there is no atmosphere in outer space that can scatter the sunlight, the sky appears dark instead of blue to an astronaut. 

Since the sunlight is not scattered in space, no scattered light reaches the astronaut’s eyes and the sky appears black to them instead of blue.


NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11 - Human Eye and Colourful World

Students who are looking for NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11 - Human Eye and Colourful World PDF can opt for Upcoming Exams and also You can Find the Solutions of All the Science Chapters below.


NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science


NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Science Chapter 11 The Human Eye and Colourful World - Free PDF Download

Refer NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 11, and score a high percentage in board exams. The step by step solutions provided by top academicians increases the concept of clarity. It supports students to learn quicker. Every single answer of human eye class 10 questions is presented with a well-structured format that will leave no room for any kind of queries or doubts. Students will understand the concepts in connection with chapter 11 by examining solutions.


NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 11- The Human Eye and Colourful World

Human Eye class 10 NCERT solutions emphasize the understanding of the human eye working along with different functions performed by the human eye. Ch 11 covers a thorough explanation of the human eye parts, along with its structural depiction. The students will get to know the concept of the power of accommodation of the human eye.

In ch 11 science class 10 introduces the terms like the least distance of distinct vision and cataract. The students will learn the defects of vision, namely; myopia, hypermetropia, and presbyopia, and their correction. These three defects are explained with the help of well-labeled diagrams. The chapter educates students about the natural phenomena of rainbow formation, atmospheric refraction, the twinkling of stars, and more. At the end of the science chapter The Human Eye and Colourful World, students will get to know the phenomena of scattering of light, the Tyndall Effect, and other natural concepts.

Chapter 11 discusses the different parts of the human eye, along with their characteristics and functions. It includes the cornea, pupil, optic nerve, retina, iris, eye lens, and ciliary muscles. The students can practice human eye diagrams, defects of vision, and their correction with NCERT solutions. Class 10 science chapter 11 lets students know how a rainbow is formed and different applications of scattering of light. Class 10 solutions help students to learn why different colours of light bend through various angles when they pass through a prism.


Class 10 Science Chapter 11 The Human Eye and Colourful World - Weightage Marks

Chapter Human Eye and Colourful World is based on the structure of the human eye, functioning of each eye part, and methods to treat vision defects. In the annual examination, this unit holds a weightage of 4 marks. The topics included in this unit are:

Ex 11.1 The Human Eye.

Ex 11.2 Defects of Vision and their Correction.

Ex 11.3 Refraction of Light Through a Prism.

Ex 11.4 Dispersion of White Light by a Glass Prism.

Ex 11.4 Atmospheric Refraction, Scattering of Light.

Ex 11.5 Tyndall Effect.

Ex 11.6 Why is the Colour of Sky Blue?

Ex 11.7 Colour of Sun at Sunrise and Sunset.


Benefits of The Human Eye and Colourful World Chapter 11 NCERT Solutions

The students will observe the contents with a focused mind to have a great idea regarding NCERT class 10 science chapter 11 solutions. These solutions help students to appear for the class 10 science exam with a better plan by keeping all the vital points in mind. The solutions offer thorough knowledge about the topic in a simple language. Some of the benefits of considering NCERT solutions include:

  • After analyzing the contents of NCERT solutions, students can design their study material in a well-structured way. They get new ideas to shape their study materials.

  • Ch 11 science class 10 NCERT solutions are comprehensive and prepared by the team of science experts. Thus, these solutions hold great advantages for the students in their board assessments.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Explain Defects of Vision and How to Correct Them.

Ans. Myopia, hypermetropia, and presbyopia are three significant defects of vision. Myopia refers to nearsightedness due to which a person can see nearby objects. A person who has myopia cannot see far objects clearly. This defect could be resolved with the help of a concave lens. In hypermetropia, a person cannot see near objects clearly and is corrected by using a convex lens. In presbyopia, a person is difficult to see both nearby and far objects. It is treated with the use of bifocal lenses.

2. What is Atmospheric Refraction Phenomena?

Ans. The deflection of light in the atmosphere refers to the phenomena of atmospheric refraction. The change in the direction of propagation of radiation in traversing the atmosphere is known as atmospheric radiation. This refraction is due to light velocity through air. With the increased density, it decreases. It is responsible for various phenomena like delayed sunset, the twinkling of stars, advanced sunrise, and more. The concept of atmospheric refraction is crucial to understand other phenomena occurring in nature.

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