Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar Biography

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Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar Information

Dr. B.R.Ambedkar was a popular freedom fighter. Dr B.R. Ambedkar is popularly known as Babasaheb Ambedkar. He was one of the architects of the Indian constitution. Dr. B.R.Ambedkar fought to finish the social evils like untouchability and fought for the rights of socially backward classes like the Dalits throughout his life. He was a very well-known political leader, philosopher, freedom fighter, economist, scholar, writer, editor, anthropologist too.

Dr. B.R.Ambedkar was appointed as India’s first law minister in the cabinet of the first prime minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. In 1990 Dr. B.R.Ambedkar was awarded Bharat Ratna, which is India’s highest civilian honor.


Personal Details:

Full Name: Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar 

Date of Birth: 14th April 1891 

Death Date: 6th April 1956 

Cause of Death: diabetes 

Age(at the Time of Death): 65


Who is Dr B.R. Ambedkar?

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar also known as Baba Saheb Ambedkar was born on April 14 1891 at Mhow in Madhya Pradesh, India. He was a good student earning doctorates from both London University and Columbia University of London. He gained a reputation as a scholar for his research in law, economics, and political science. in his early carrier he was an editor, economist, professor, and activist who was against the discrimination Dalits faced because of caste.

Dr. B.R.Ambedkar's later career included participating in political activities. He was involved in campaigning and negotiation of India’s Independence. After Independence, he became the chairman of the drafting committee of the Indian constitution. After India’s independence, he was the first minister of law and justice and is considered to be the architect of the constitution of India.

In 1956 he converted to Buddhism, resulting in the mass conversion of Dalits.

In 1948, Ambedkar suffered from diabetes after fighting diabetes for almost seven years Ambedkar passed away in his sleep on December 6 1956 at his home.


Ambedkar History

Dr. B.R.Ambedkar was born in Mhow of Madhya Pradesh. His father was Ramji Makoji Sakpal who was an army officer in the British India army. Dr. B.R.Ambedkar was the fourteenth son of his father. Bhimabai Sakpal was his mother. His family was of Marathi background from the town of Ambawade. Dr. B. R.Ambedtkar was born as a Dalit and he was treated as an untouchable. He was subjected to regular social and economic discrimination. Although Ambedkar attended school, he and other Dalit students were treated as untouchables. They were separated from another group of students from other caste and were not given attention by the teachers. They were even not allowed to sit with other students for their own drinking water. He used to drink water with the help of the peon as he and other Dalit students were not allowed to touch anything.

His father retired in 1894 and his mother passed away 2 years after they moved to Satara. Of all his brothers and sisters, Ambedkar was the only one who passed his examination and went to high school. Later in high school, his school, a Brahmin teacher changed his surname from Ambadawekar which was given by his father to Ambedkar in records. This shows the level of discrimination that was done on Dalits.


Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar Education

In 1897, Ambedkar became the only untouchable to get enrolled at the Elphinstone High School. In 1906, Ambedkar who was 15 years old married a 9 years old named Ramabai. The marriage was done by the couple’s parents as per the rituals. In 1912, he obtained his degree in political science and economics from Bombay University and was employed by the Baroda state government. In 1913, Ambedkar moved to the United States as he was awarded a scholarship for three years by Sayajirao Gaekwad three. The scholarship was designed to provide opportunities for post-graduate education at Columbia University in New York City. In 1915, he majored in Economics, Sociology, History, Philosophy, and Anthropology.

In 1917, he completed his master’s degree and wrote a thesis on “The problem of the rupee- its origin and solution” and in 1923 he completed D.Sc in Economics which was awarded by the University of London.


Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar Achievements:

In 1916, Dr. B.R.Ambedkar worked as the defense secretary for the princely state of Baroda. As he was a Dalit, wor was not easy. He was ridiculed by the people and often ignored. After continuous caste discrimination, he quit his job as the defense secretary and took up jobs as a private tutor and accountant. He later established a consulting firm but it failed to flourish. The reason has been that he was a Dalit. He finally got a job as a teacher at the Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics in Mumbai.

As Ambedkar was a victim of caste discrimination, he thrived to uplift the pitiable state of the untouchables in the society. He founded a weekly journal called “Mooknayak” which enabled him to criticize the beliefs of the Hindus.He was passionate to eradicate the practice of caste discrimination in India which led him to establish “Bahishkrit Hitakarni Sabha”. The main goal of the organization was to provide education to the backward classes.

In 1927, he continuously worked against untouchability. He followed the footsteps of Gandhi and led a Satyagraha movement. The untouchables were denied access to the main source of drinking water and entry in Temples. He fought for the rights of the untouchables.

In 1932, the “Poona Pact” was formed that allowed reservation for the depressed class in the regional legislative assembly and central council states.

In 1935, he founded the “Independent labor party” which secured fourteen seats in the Bombay election. In 1935, he published books such as ‘The Annihilation of Caste’ which questioned orthodox Hindu beliefs, and the very next year he published another book by the name ‘Who Were the Shudras?’ in which he explained how the untouchables were formed.

After India’s Independence, he served on the board of the defense advisory committee and as the minister for labor for the ‘viceroy's executive council’.His dedication towards the work earned him the chair of India's first law minister. He was the first chairman of the drafting committee of the Constitution of India. He also established the finance committee of India. It was through his policies the nation progressed both economically and socially.

In 1951, ‘The Hindu Code Bill’ was proposed to him, which he later rejected and resigned from the Cabinet. He contested for the seat of Likh Sabha but was defeated. He was later appointed to the Rajya Sabha and remained a member of the Rajya Sabha until his death in 1955.


Thoughts and Opinion

B.R. Ambedkar was a leading social reformer and an activist who dedicated his entire life to the betterment of the Dalits and other socially backward classes of India. Ambedkar continuously fought for the eradication of caste discrimination that had spread like a disease in Indian society. As he was born in a socially backward family, Ambedkar was a Dalit who was a victim of caste discrimination and inequality. However, against all odds, Ambedkar became the first Dalit to complete higher education. He then went on and completed college and got a doctorate in economics from London University. He entered politics entirely aiming to fight for the rights of the backward classes and against the inequality practiced in the society. After India became independent he went on to become the first law minister of free India and the chief architect of the ‘Constitution of India’.Later in 1956, he converted to Buddhism, as he considered it to be ‘the most scientific religion’. Within 2 months of the conversion anniversary, Ambedkar died of diabetes in 1956.


Conclusion

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar popularly known as Baba Saheb, was a jurist, politician, economist, writer, editor. He was a Dalit who was a usual subject to caste discrimination. He was not allowed to eat with other caste children or even drink water at school. His story is the best example of determination and showcases how education can change the fortune of anyone. A child who was subject to caste discrimination went on to become a man who was the architect of Independent India’s constitution. A story is written in heaven’s which is the best example of not giving up on yourself even if the odds are against you.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. Why did Ambedkar Change his Name?

Ans: Dr. B.R.Ambedkar's original name was Sakpal but his father changed his name to Ambadawekar, meaning he is from the village ‘Ambadawe’ in Ratnagiri district. His Brahmin teacher Krishnaji Keshav Ambedkar changed his surname from ‘Ambadawekar’ to 'Ambedkar' in the school records.

Q2. How Many Hours did Ambedkar Study?

Ans: Dr. B.R.Ambedkar was a social transformer and a great leader of our nation, but at the heart of his personality was his dedication. He used to spend eighteen hours studying at a stretch. He believed that education is the key to a person’s growth.

Q3. Why did Dr. B.R Ambedkar Decide to Change his Religion?

Ans: Ambedkar decided to change his religion to escape the caste system which was constantly propagated in Hinduism. He believed in religion with no divisions and he did not find his ideologies coexisting with what Hinduism was about. So in 1956, he decided to convert to Buddhism which he considered the most scientific religion.

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