Poultry Farming

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Introduction to Animal Husbandry

If we talk about agriculture, animal husbandry has its own importance for raising livestock in a scientific way i.e by giving a proper environment to the cattle. In such an environment, cattle remain disease-free and healthy from both inside and out. Animal husbandry is considered important as this process allows us to increase livestock production to cover up the demands of human beings tremendously increasing in population. As due to the increase in population demands of egg, meat, milk is also increasing day by day, so to manage this demand it is a must to adopt the animal husbandry process. 

In this process, we select suitable breeds of animal and raise them to get the desired amount of livestock. We here study the genetic qualities and behaviour of animals and from these qualities, we select the best, from where we can get the maximum amount of profit. Nowadays most of the farm people are dependent on the animal husbandry process for their earning. 


Importance of Animal Husbandry:

As animals are a major source of various nutritional values, it becomes necessary for us to get all the nutrition for better growth. And this can only be fulfilled by the animal husbandry process only. By this process, animals are ready to meet the high demand for milk, meat, and eggs. 

1. Dairy Products:

From the milk of cows, goats, buffaloes we get high amounts of protein and these animals are also called as milch animals as they provide milk to us. 

2. Meat and Egg:

Animals like chicken, duck, ox, goat are used for their meat. As all of these animals are used for food purposes, they need proper care and attention during their breeding process. Along with that eggs of hen, ducks, goose, etc are also rich in protein source along with other nutrients. 

3. Seafood:

Apart from these food sources, seed food is also in high demand due to its nutritional quality. As they are rich in fat, proteins, vitamins and various minerals. 

4. Land Management:

As dry herbs are at high risk of catching fire, so these shrubs are grazed by cattle which reduces the chance of catching fire. 

5. Fibre:

Some of the animals like sheep and camel are used for fibres or textiles. These fibres are used for wool and leather preparation. 

6. Manure: 

The excreta, dead and decaying parts of animals are used as manure and used to enhance the fertility of the soil. This will increase the fertility of the soil. 

Due to such huge demand animal husbandry business is popular as it's one of the growing businesses of today's world. For running this business it needs a large amount of investment along with proper care and management skills. 


Poultry Farming:

This is also a kind of animal husbandry in which birds are used. Some of the examples of birds which are involved in poultry farming are ducks, chickens, geese, pigeons, turkeys, etc. These birds are farmed under proper care for using their eggs and meat as a source of food. Their eggs and meat are a rich source of protein and other kinds of vitamins and minerals. Their waste material i.e faeces are used as a good source of manure which enhances the fertility of the soil. Along with that they also provide employment to many daily wages workers, so it also gives employment to people.

To prevent them from any kind of disease they need to be kept in a proper atmospheric environment. 


Benefits of Poultry Farming Business:

Poultry farming has so many benefits along with businesses. Due to these benefits, farmers prefer to do poultry farming business. The main purpose of poultry farming is the production of eggs, meat, etc. Numerous chickens were grown in poultry farms for the production of eggs and meat. 

Some of the Importance of the Poultry Farming Business are Listed Below:

1. Big Space is Not Required:

Poultry farming does not require a large space for practising this technique. As these birds do not require any kind of special space for their growth. The main thing which they need is just a cage for their safety. 

2. Require Less Capital: 

Poultry farming practices do not require more capital. As it only needs less investment just to buy birds and for food to feed them. So anyone can start a poultry farming business to earn a profit on a large scale as this business is in demand. 

3. High-Profit Rate:

Poultry farming is among one of those businesses which give you a high-profit rate to a large extent. As it is cost-efficient, animal husbandry practice gives you more profit than expected. You can start this business from a few birds also and extend your poultry from them only. 

5. Require Low Maintenance:

In this practice, high maintenance is also required on birds. By taking care of a few things you can prevent these birds from various harmful diseases, just by investing a very small amount of money. The only thing which is needed is cleanliness and hygiene. 

6. License is Not Mandatory:

In poultry farm practice having an authorised government license is not mandatory. If you are practising it on a small scale then you do not have any license but doing it on a large scale needs government authorisation, and you can get it very easily. 

7. Easy Marketing:

Selling poultry farming products is very easy as they are in high demand. So, they do not need too much cost and effort to sell them. 

8. Income & Employment Opportunities:

Poultry farming practice creates income and employment opportunities for many people. Unemployed educated youth can easily opt for this to raise their source of income.  

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1.  Explain a Few Advantages of Animal Husbandry?

Ans. Few advantages of animal husbandry are discussed below:

  1. This process is helpful in keeping animals' health at a high priority level. This is only possible by giving proper food, atmosphere, shelter and protection to animals. The main aim is to protect animals from various harmful diseases.  

  2. Animal husbandry creates employment along with the proper business settlement. 

  3. By animal husbandry process people are able to do breeding processes like cross-breeding for higher yield. This increases the production of various food products such as milk, eggs, meat, etc.

2. What  All Things are Important to Practice Animal Husbandry?

Ans. In this process, we select suitable breeds of animal and raise them to get the desired amount of livestock. We here study the genetic qualities and behaviour of animals and from these qualities, the best are selected, from where we can get the maximum amount of profit. Nowadays most of the farm people are dependent on the animal husbandry process for their earning.