The human body has different types of structural appearance based on its physique and psychological makeup. William Sheldon, a famous American psychologist, and physician developed a classification system of the human body based on physiology and psychology. The human body was classified into three body types or somatotypes, namely endomorph, ectomorph, and mesomorph. He later used this classification system to explain the delinquent behaviour of humans. Although his research was of avant-garde, it was criticized over the fact that his samples were not quite representative. In this article, we will learn about the mesomorph, out of the three somatotypes as classified by Sheldon.
Body Types- Ectomorph, Mesomorph and Endomorph
According to the classification of the somatotypes by Sheldon, various traits have been observed in the body shapes. Endomorphs have around and soft stature. They mainly tend to possess a “viscerotonic” personality which implies that they are generally relaxed, comfortable and extroverted. Ectomorphs on the other hand are thin and fine-boned. They are said to tend towards a “cerebrotonic” personality which implies that they are introverted, thoughtful, inhibited, and sensitive. A person is said to have a mesomorph body type if mesomorphy is dominant over endomorph and ectomorph in his body.
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A mesomorph tends to develop muscles quite easily. Mesomorph refers to a body type that is characterized by strong muscles. Some references describe the somatotype with wide shoulders, long arms, and a narrow waist. A mesomorph body type has a large osteopathic structure, comparatively large muscles, and a naturally good physique. Mesomorphs are marked by greater muscular development. An example of a mesomorphic person would be a weightlifter or a runner. Mesomorphs generally rank high in speed, strength, endurance, and agility. A typical mesomorph body type is characterized by a hard and muscular body with mature muscle mass. An adult mesomorphic body type female resembles the shape of an hourglass whereas that of an adult male body is rectangular. The mesomorphs have an excellent posture.
Mesomorphs can also be distinguished from the other somatotypes by their broad shoulders, narrow hips, and comparatively large head. They have thick skin and very little body fat even though they gain fat more easily than the ectomorphs. They also gain muscles so easily that even the digits are muscled. The mesomorphs generally possess a “somatogenic” personality. They are quite active and dynamic in their field. Their assertiveness and aggressiveness can be seen in their intentions and works. The one who has developed the muscles through various body-building exercises can be distinguished from the muscular development of a mesomorph.
Advantages of Being a Mesomorph
Somatotypes often explain how we have a genetic physical predisposition to a certain physique, fat to muscle ratio, and stature. That’s why we require different types of training and various nutritional demands. Mesomorphs respond very well to cardiovascular and resistance training. The endurance and agility level are pretty high. They can even sustain low body fat levels. The muscle growth rate in the case of mesomorphs is epic. As a result, all the muscle groups can be used to derive positive training adoptions. Mesomorphs can easily lose or gain weight depending upon the sports or the activities. The extreme mesomorph body type usually has a massive square-shaped head accompanied by a muscular chest and shoulders. In addition to this, they have a large heart, heavily muscled arms and legs, and minimal body fat.
Did You Know?
Some famous athletes like Arnold Schwarzenegger, Anna Kournikova, Andre Agassi, Cristiano Ronaldo, Venus Williams, and lots more are mesomorphs.
The mesomorph body type is best suitable for weight training. Gains are observed very quickly, especially for beginners. A combination of weight training and cardio is best suited for mesomorphs.