In the present era, one of the major concerns for every individual on this planet is global warming. This drastic change of earth’s temperature is affecting all living organisms on it. This problem has been increasing over the past few decades. Thus, now it is the right time to unfold this matter and take proper measures to correct it.
To understand the changing climate condition better, here is how to distinguish between weather and climate.
Definition of Climate
Climate is the atmospheric condition of a particular location over a long-term period. The average summation of the atmospheric elements of a place is considered as the climate of that particular region.
These atmospheric elements include temperature, solar radiation, precipitation, humidity, wind, and atmospheric pressure. Depending on these elements and its variants, respective centres of a specific zone maintain climate records.
These records, like the amount of rainfall, the hottest day, the coldest day, etc. are helpful in forecasting the upcoming climate which is done by analysing previously accumulated data. Based on the observation of these atmospheric elements’ records of above 30 years, the climate is deduced.
Weather is the daily atmospheric conditions of a specific place. The study of weather is necessary to understand its effects on the everyday life and activities of humans. The atmospheric conditions like the brightness of sun, wind, visibility, humidity, cloudiness, temperature, etc. measure the weather of a particular day and time.
Weather can change within minutes, or hours, or even as per seasons. These changes mostly happen in the closest atmospheric layer to the ground called the troposphere. Nowadays, due to satellite observation, weather prediction has become easy.
Even though both weather and climate include some similar atmospheric elements, there are some prominent differences between these two. Here are some differences between weather and climate in tabular form-
1. Write the Basic difference between Weather and Climate.
Ans. The primary difference between weather, and climate is the duration over which they are measured. Weather includes the short-term changes of the atmospheric conditions, while climate is the observation of weather for a longer-term.
Similar to the climate weather difference, the season is different from the climate. The season is determined by the changes in weather during a specific time of a year. Contrastingly, the climate is the behaviour of the atmosphere over a longer timeline. Thus, the prime difference between season and climate is also the measure of duration.
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1. What is the difference between Weather and Climate with Examples?
Ans. The most important difference between weather and climate is their frequency over time. For example, while stating the weather, the temperature during daytime might be 30 degrees Celsius and during the night it might come down to 22 degrees Celsius. Contrastingly, the climate of India is tropical and the changes can be observed after a long time.
2. What are the Types of Climate?
Ans. Global climates can be categorised into 5 types. They are dry, cold, temperate, tropical, and polar.
3. What are the 4 Climate Zones?
Ans. The earth is divided into 4 different climate zones, namely temperate, tropical, subtropical, and arctic.