Difference Between Biology and Life Sciences

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Biology is the study of life, which is applied in different fields. In Biology, we learn about life, the Origin of life, evolution, different scientists, diseases, organisms and many other aspects related to life on planet earth.

Life Science is a group of advanced biology. Life science is also called Biological Science. It is a rapidly advancing and thoroughly inspiring discipline of studies. It is a more advanced course, which further provides detailed information about the different branches related to Life Science. Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Genetics, Ecology, Microbiology, Immunology, Molecular biology, etc. are different fields of Life Science.

 

Difference Between Biology and Life Science  

Biology 

Life Sciences

It is a broad-based course.

It comprises all fields of science

It is a natural science.

It is a scientific study of life and organisms

It is a core subject.

It is more fundamental and applied science.

It helps in delivering a necessary foundation about the different concepts.

It helps in understanding the topics at molecular and cellular levels.

The sub-disciplines of biology are zoology, botany, etc.

The sub-disciplines of life science are immunology, molecular biology, etc.

 

Branches of Life Sciences 

  • Biology – It is the study of living organisms with respect to their morphologic and anatomic traits as well as behavior and development

  • Anatomy – It can be termed as the study of form and function, in plants, animals, and other organisms, or specifically in humans

  • Astrobiology – It is the study of the formation and presence of life in the universe

  • Biotechnology – It is the study of combination of both the living organism and technology

  • Biochemistry – It is the study of the chemical reactions required for life to exist and function, usually a focus on the cellular level

  • Bioinformatics – It can be defined as the developing of methods or software tools for storing, retrieving, organizing and analyzing biological data to generate useful biological knowledge

  • Biolinguistics – It is the study of the biology and evolution of language.

  • Biological Anthropology – It is the study of humans, non-human primates, and hominids. Also known as physical anthropology.

  • Biological Oceanography- It is the study of life in the oceans and their interaction with the environment.

  • Biomechanics – It deals with the study of the mechanics of living beings

  • Biophysics – It is the study of biological processes by applying the theories and methods that have been traditionally used in the physical sciences

  • Botany – It can be defined as the study of plants

  • Cell Biology (Cytology) – study of the cell as a complete unit, and the molecular and chemical interactions that occur within a living cell

  • Developmental Biology – It can be defined as the study of the processes through which an organism takes birth from a zygote to a full structure

  • Ecology – It can be defined as the study of the interactions of living organisms where they interact with each other and with the other nonliving elements of their environment

  • Ethology – It can be defined as the study of behavior

  • Evolutionary Biology – The study of the origin and descent of species over time is known as Evolutionary Biology. 

  • Evolutionary Developmental Biology – It can be defined as the study of the evolution of development including its molecular control

  • Genetics – study of genes and heredity

  • Histology – the study of tissues

  • Immunology – the study of the immune system

  • Microbiology – study of microscopic organisms (microorganisms) and their interactions with other living organisms

  • Molecular Biology – study of biology and biological functions at the molecular level, some crossover with biochemistry, genetics and microbiology

  • Neuroscience – study of the nervous system

  • Paleontology – study of prehistoric organisms

  • Pharmacology – the study of drug action

  • Physiology – study of the functioning of living organisms and the organs and parts of living organisms

  • Population Biology – It is the study of groups of conspecific organisms

  • Quantum Biology – It is the study of quantum phenomena in organisms

  • Structural Biology – It deals with a branch of molecular biology, biochemistry, and biophysics concerned with the molecular structure of biological macromolecules. 

  • Systems Biology – When integraties and dependencies of various components within a biological system are studies with a particular focus upon the role of metabolic pathways and cell-signaling strategies in physiology, it is termed as Systems Biology

  • Theoretical Biology – It is the use of abstractions and mathematical models to study biological phenomena

  • Toxicology – It deals with the nature, effects, and detection of poisons

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. What is Biology?

Ans - Biology is the study of life, which is applied in different fields. In Biology, we learn about life, the Origin of life, evolution, different scientists, diseases, organisms and many other aspects related to life on planet earth.

Q2. What is Life Science? 

Ans - Life science is also called Biological Science. It is a rapidly advancing and thoroughly inspiring discipline of studies. It is a more advanced course, which further provides detailed information about the different branches related to Life Science. Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Genetics, Ecology, Microbiology, Immunology, Molecular biology, etc. are different fields of Life Science.