The political conditions dramatically changed the face of India in a relatively short period during the eighteenth century. This chapter provides an overview of the emergence of new political groups during the first half of the eighteenth century and the transformations that took place along with it. This was basically during the time from 1706 (death of Aurangzeb) to 1761(Battle of Panipat). We provide the students with the notes for India in the Eighteenth-Century project for Class 8 Class 7 history Chapter 10 Notes, allowing the students to revise the chapter quickly and prepare well for their examinations. These notes are also available in the PDF download form making the study process easier. This also helps the students revise the chapter quickly.