Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store

# What is the Difference Between Rhombus and Parallelogram

Last updated date: 10th Sep 2024
Total views: 117k
Views today: 2.17k

## Rhombus and Parallelogram: Introduction

To differentiate between rhombus and parallelogram: Rhombus and parallelogram are fundamental geometric shapes in mathematics. A rhombus is a quadrilateral with four equal sides, where opposite sides are parallel. It is also characterised by its opposite angles being equal. The diagonals of a rhombus bisect each other at right angles. On the other hand, a parallelogram is a quadrilateral with opposite sides that are parallel. Unlike a rhombus, a parallelogram does not necessarily have equal sides or equal angles. However, its opposite angles are equal, and its diagonals bisect each other. Understanding the properties of rhombus and parallelogram is essential for solving geometric problems, analyzing symmetry, and exploring the relationships between sides, angles, and diagonals in quadrilaterals. Let’s understand them further in  more detail.

## What is Rhombus

A rhombus is a quadrilateral with four sides of equal length. It is a special type of parallelogram where all sides are congruent. The opposite angles in a rhombus are also equal. Additionally, the diagonals of a rhombus bisect each other at right angles, forming four congruent right triangles within the shape. These properties make the rhombus a symmetrical figure with unique geometric characteristics. Rhombuses are often encountered in various mathematical applications, including geometry, trigonometry, and tessellation. Their properties and relationships contribute to the understanding of shapes, angles, and symmetry in mathematical analysis and problem-solving. The characteristics of rhombus are:

• Equal Sides: A rhombus has all four sides of equal length.

• Congruent Angles: The opposite angles of a rhombus are congruent (equal) to each other.

• Diagonals Bisect Each Other: The diagonals of a rhombus intersect at their midpoints, dividing each other into two equal segments.

• Perpendicular Diagonals: The diagonals of a rhombus are perpendicular to each other, forming four right angles.

• Opposite Side Parallelism: The opposite sides of a rhombus are parallel to each other.

• Diagonal Length Relationship: In a rhombus, the lengths of the diagonals are related by the Pythagorean theorem: d₁² + d₂² = 4s², where d₁ and d₂ are the lengths of the diagonals, and s is the length of a side.

• Symmetry: A rhombus has rotational symmetry of order 2, meaning it can be rotated by 180 degrees around its center and still appear unchanged.

## What is Parallelogram

A parallelogram is a quadrilateral with opposite sides that are parallel. It is a four-sided polygon characterized by its parallelism property. The opposite sides of a parallelogram are equal in length, and the opposite angles are congruent (equal). Additionally, the consecutive angles of a parallelogram add up to 180 degrees. The diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other, dividing them into two equal segments. Parallelograms are widely studied in geometry due to their symmetry, properties of parallel lines, and relationship to other geometric shapes. They are utilized in various mathematical applications, such as calculating areas, proving theorems, and solving geometric problems. The characteristics of parallelogram are:

• Opposite Side Parallelism: A parallelogram has opposite sides that are parallel to each other.

• Equal Opposite Sides: The opposite sides of a parallelogram are equal in length.

• Congruent Opposite Angles: The opposite angles of a parallelogram are congruent (equal) to each other.

• Consecutive Angle Sum: The consecutive angles (adjacent angles) of a parallelogram add up to 180 degrees.

• Diagonal Bisecting: The diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other, dividing them into two equal segments.

• Symmetry: A parallelogram exhibits symmetry with respect to its diagonals, meaning it can be folded along its diagonals without changing its shape.

• Area Formula: The area of a parallelogram can be calculated by multiplying the base length by the corresponding height.

• Parallelogram Laws: Parallelogram laws, such as the parallelogram law of vector addition, are applicable to parallelograms.

## Differentiate Between Rhombus and Parallelogram

 S.No Category Rhombus Parallelogram 1. Side Lengths All sides are equal in length Opposite sides are equal in length 2. Angle Measures Opposite angles are congruent (equal) Opposite angles are congruent (equal) 3. Diagonals Diagonals bisect each other at right angles Diagonals bisect each other without any specific angle 4. Additional Properties All angles are equal to 90 degrees No specific requirement for angle measurements 5. Symmetry Exhibits rotational symmetry of order 2 No specific symmetry requirement 6. Special Case A rhombus is a special type of parallelogram A general quadrilateral with specific properties

This table highlights the key difference between rhombus and parallelogram in terms of their side lengths, angle measures, diagonals, additional properties, symmetry, and their relationship to each other.

## Summary

Understanding the key differences between a rhombus and a parallelogram is crucial in geometry. While both shapes are quadrilaterals with opposite sides parallel, their defining characteristics set them apart. A rhombus stands out for having all sides of equal length, making it a special type of parallelogram. On the other hand, a parallelogram can have different side lengths, though opposite sides remain parallel. Additionally, a rhombus possesses all angles of equal measure, whereas a parallelogram's angles may vary. These distinctions enable students to discern between the two shapes accurately and apply their knowledge effectively in geometric problem-solving contexts.

## FAQs on What is the Difference Between Rhombus and Parallelogram

1. How many equal sides does a rhombus have?

A rhombus has four equal sides. Each side of a rhombus has the same length as the others. This characteristic distinguishes a rhombus from other quadrilaterals. The equality of the sides ensures that the rhombus is a balanced and symmetric shape. It means that the opposite sides of a rhombus are parallel and congruent to each other. The equal side lengths allow the rhombus to possess additional properties, such as the diagonals bisecting each other at right angles and the consecutive angles being equal.

2. Are the opposite angles of a parallelogram congruent?

Yes, the opposite angles of a parallelogram are congruent. A parallelogram is a quadrilateral with opposite sides that are parallel. Due to the parallelism, the corresponding angles formed by these parallel sides are equal. Therefore, the opposite angles of a parallelogram, which are formed by the intersecting sides, are congruent. This property holds true for all parallelograms, regardless of their size or shape.

3. Can a rhombus have right angles?

Yes, a rhombus can have right angles. A rhombus is a quadrilateral with four equal sides, but it does not have a specific requirement for angle measurements. While all the sides of a rhombus are equal, its angles can vary. It is possible for a rhombus to have one, two, three, or even four right angles. When a rhombus has a right angle, it is called a square, which is a special type of rhombus with all angles measuring 90 degrees. However, not all rhombuses are squares, and they can have angles other than right angles while maintaining the equality of their side lengths.

4. Is a rectangle a type of parallelogram?

Yes, a rectangle is a type of parallelogram. A rectangle is a quadrilateral with four right angles, where opposite sides are equal in length. By definition, a parallelogram is a quadrilateral with opposite sides that are parallel. In the case of a rectangle, not only do its opposite sides meet this criteria, but it also has the additional property of right angles at each vertex. Therefore, since a rectangle satisfies the conditions of being a parallelogram with the additional requirement of having right angles, it is considered a specific type of parallelogram.

5. How is the area of a rhombus calculated?

The area of a rhombus can be calculated by multiplying the lengths of its diagonals and dividing the result by 2. The formula for the area of a rhombus is A = (d₁ * d₂) / 2, where "A" represents the area and "d₁" and "d₂" denote the lengths of the diagonals. The diagonals of a rhombus are the line segments that connect opposite vertices. It is important to ensure that the lengths of the diagonals are measured accurately to obtain an accurate area calculation. This formula applies to all rhombuses, regardless of whether the diagonals are perpendicular or not.