Courses for Kids
Free study material
Free LIVE classes

JEE Reservation Criteria for 2023: SC/ST/EWS/PwD Quota

Reservation in JEE Exam 2023

Last updated date: 23rd Mar 2023
Total views: 96.9k
Views today: 0.96k

The JEE exam is the door to getting admission to your dream college irrespective of which caste/category you belong to. However, there are certain reservations provided to the candidates belonging to certain categories. Only Indian nationals can get benefit from this JEE reservation criteria. Reservation in JEE exams followed the rules stipulated by the Government of India (GoI).

In the official information brochure published by the officials of JEE, they have clearly defined what reservations mean to them and how they follow. In this brochure, candidates can find the details related to JEE reservation criteria under chapter 5, Reservations.

But for your ease, we are here to provide you with detailed information related to the Reservations for JEE exams. In this article, you will find the quota dedicated to each category and the eligibility to get benefits from them. In the end, you will get answers to frequently asked questions.

JEE Reservation Criteria: Category-Wise List for 2023

Candidates who belong to EWS, OBC-NCL, SC/ST, or PwD category can seek reservation in JEE Exams, i.e., reservation in JEE Main and reservation in JEE Advanced both.

Candidates who belong to the GEN-EWS category will get reservations of 10% seats in every course. GEN-EWS stands for General Category - Economic Weaker Section.

27% of seats are reserved for candidates who belong to the OBC category in every course. NCL candidates of the OBC category belong to this criteria. This category is termed as OBC-NCL which stands for Other Backward Classes - Non-Creamy Layer.

The candidates who belong to SC or ST category can seek 15% and 7.5% reservation of seats in each course, respectively. SC and ST stand for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, respectively.

5% of seats are reserved for PwD candidates in each category, i.e., General, GEN - EWS, OBC - NCL, SC, and ST. PwD stands for Person with Disability.

To understand it better, find the below-given table of Reservations for both JEE exams i.e., reservation in JEE Main and reservation in JEE Advanced.


Reserved Percentage of Seats in Each Course










5% in each category seats

EWS Quota in JEE Exam 2023

Candidates who want to avail of the benefits of the EWS quota in JEE Main and Advanced exams must upload their GEN-EWS certificate at the time of the registration process. The certificate must be issued on or after January 1, 2023 following the guidelines of the Government of India (GoI).

There is also a provision for the candidates who are not able to produce their GEN-EWS certificate at the time of the registration process. For such candidates, they can add Annexure - IB while registering themselves. In this Annexure - IB, they declared that they will produce the required certificate at the time of reporting after seat allotment.

GEN-EWS candidates can be eligible to take the benefit of the EWS quota in JEE Main and Advanced, if they fulfil the conditions prescribed by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (MSJE) in their press note OM No. 20013/01/2018-BC-II dated 17 January 2019.

Eligibility to Get Benefit of EWS Reservation in JEE Main and EWS Reservation in JEE Advanced

In the published press note (OM No. 20013/01/2018-BC-II dated 17 January 2019), MSJE decided to offer a 10% reservation for economically weaker section candidates in educational institutions with the 103rd  amendment in the Constitution of India.

To take benefit of this reservation, a candidate must fulfil the following criteria:

  • He/She should not belong to SC/ST/OBC-NCL category.

  • His/Her family income should not be more than 8 L.P.A. Family income includes the income from all the sources such as salary, agriculture, business, etc. 

  • Parents of the candidate should not possess any of the below-given assets:

  1. 5 acres of agricultural land or above.

  2. Residential flat of 1000 sq. ft. or more.

  3. Residential plot of 100 sq. yards or more in notified municipalities.

  4. Residential plot of 200 sq. yards or more in non-notified municipalities.

The EWS certificate can be obtained online or you can take it offline from your local government authority.

Reservation for OBC-NCL Candidates in JEE Exam

Candidates who belong to the category of OBC-NCL will get a 27% reservation in JEE Main and Advanced both. As we know there are different OBC lists prepared at the state and central level, to avail of the OBC-NCL reservation benefit, he/she must belong to the central OBC list. Those candidates who only belong to the state OBC-NCL list are not eligible to get reservation benefits. However, they can claim GEN-EWS reservations if they fulfil the eligibility criteria for the category.

Creamy Layer - OBC candidates will be treated as candidates of the general/open category and shall be eligible for open seats only.

The candidates who want to claim the reservation benefits allotted for their category must upload their certificate during the registration process. Failure to upload the OBC-NCL certificate will not lead to cancellation of the registration process or category benefits, provided they upload the declaration form (Annexure-IIB). Though they have to produce the certificate before the seat allotment process, the certificate must be issued on or after January 1, 2023.

Reservation for SC or ST Candidates in JEE Exam

15% of seats in each and every course are allocated to the ST or SC candidates. Tribes and Caste candidates have to produce the required certificate at the time of registration. There is no provision of a declaration form provided for the SC/ST candidates. They will be treated as candidates who belong to the open category if they fail to upload the required certificate during the registration process.

Though they are also asked to show their caste or tribe certificate during the time of certificate verification before the seat allotment process, failure to produce the SC/ST category certificate leads to disqualification or cancellation of the allotted seat.

Who Can Issue the Scheduled Tribe/Scheduled Caste (SC/ST) Certificate?

The following officers can issue the certificate for SC/ST candidates: 

  • District Magistrate (DM) / Additional District Magistrate (ADM) / City Magistrate / Taluka Magistrate / Ist Class Stipendiary Magistrate / Executive Magistrate / Sub-Divisional Magistrate / Collector / Deputy Commissioner/ Additional Deputy Commissioner (ADC) / Deputy Collector / Extra Assistant Commissioner.

  • Presidency Magistrate / Additional Chief Presidency Magistrate / Chief Presidency Magistrate.

  • Issued by the Revenue Officers of rank equal to or greater than Tehsildar.

  • Area Sub-divisional Officer of candidates’ residential area.

Your certificate will be valid if it is issued by any of the above-given officers, else it will get rejected.

Reservation for the Candidates Claiming PwD Category in JEE Exam

5% of total seats are reserved from each category for PwD candidates. Candidates who are or more than 40% impaired are eligible to claim a PwD reservation. Types of disability included locomotor, visual, and SEVERE dyslexic. Candidates suffering from Leprosy are also included in the PwD category.

They must produce the certificate of disability and upload it in the application form of JEE online. Candidates who do not have a PwD certificate at the time of the application process will not be considered candidates of the PwD category. They shall be treated as the Open category candidates.

The signature and stamp of notified medical authority are applicable on the provided annexure(s). You can download the required annexure template from the official website of JEE Main.

JEE Main 2023 Guidelines to Secure Seats in Institutes of National Importance

The JEE Main Reservation Criteria 2023 for Institutes of National Importance differ depending on the specific institute. Many engineering institutes use JEE Main as admission criteria and each institute has its own set of reservation criteria. For Institutes of National Importance, the reservation criteria for JEE Main 2023 are as follows:

  • The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) follow the All India Quota for engineering admissions since they are under the central government.

  • The Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) offer engineering admissions based on the All India Quota, as well as Home State and Other State Quotas.

  • Government Funded Technical Institutes (GFTIs) offer admissions on an All India Quota basis, except for Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi and IIEST Shibpur where Home State and Other State Quotas are applicable. For Assam University, Silchar, candidates from Assam state are considered under the Home State Quota, while others are considered on an All India basis.

  • The National Institutes of Technology (NITs) offer engineering admissions on the basis of State Quotas and Other State Quotas, unlike the IITs.

Reservation Criteria in NITs for JEE Main 2023

The reservation percentage for IITs in NITs in 2023 indicates that 50% of the seats are reserved for eligible candidates under the Home State Quota, while the remaining 50% are reserved for candidates from other states. The Home State Quota pertains to the reservation of seats for candidates who belong to the state where the NIT is situated, while the Other State Quota is for candidates who belong to reserved categories and come from states other than the one where the NIT is located.


In this article, we have discussed the reservation system for JEE exams, i.e., reservations in JEE Main and reservations in JEE Advanced both. For each category, there are specific criteria and fixed percentages of seats in each course allotted to the candidates. To know more about the JEE Main or JEE Advanced, you can explore our website.

This period is considered as very crucial for JEE aspirants. They should be highly focused on their studies to get admission to India’s top universities/institutes. During this time, they must practise hard, solve previous years’ question papers, and follow their timetable strictly. We also advised students to take good care of themselves as the cases of Coronavirus increase day by day again.

With the hope that you will crack the JEE exam and get admission to your dream college to pursue engineering/architecture, all the very best!

FAQs on JEE Reservation Criteria for 2023: SC/ST/EWS/PwD Quota

1. Do I need to produce a certificate to take benefit of the EWS reservation in JEE Main? 

Yes, you must produce the GEN-EWS certificate to get the benefit of this category in the JEE Main exam. You need to upload your GEN-EWS certificate while filling up the application form for JEE main. Also, the GEN-EWS certificate must be issued on or after 1st January 2022. 

In case you could not produce the required GEN-EWS certificate at the time of the registration process, then you must upload the alternate declaration form given in Annexure-IB. You must present your GEN-EWS certificate at the time of document verification during the seat allotment procedure for JEE Main or else your allotment will get cancelled. 

2. What are the JEE Advanced reservation criteria?

JEE Advanced reservation criteria include the reservation of seats in every course for certain categories. Only Indian citizens belonging to these categories can avail themselves of the reservation. Reservation provided to the candidates belongs to these five categories, Gen - EWS, OBC - NCL, SC, ST, and PwD. 

General - Economic Weaker Section (GEN-EWS) candidates will get a 10% reservation in every course whereas Other Backward Class - Non-Creamy Layer (OBC - NCL) candidates will get a 27% reservation in every course they are eligible for. Candidates who belong to Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) categories are eligible to get 15% and 7.5% reservations, respectively. Person with Disability (PwD) candidates are eligible to get a 5% reservation vertically in each category. 

It is necessary to produce a category certificate during the filling up of the application form and during the verification process before the seat allotment procedure. Any false information will lead to the cancellation of the candidature. 

3. What is the EWS reservation in JEE Advanced?

There is a 10% reservation given to the candidates who belong to the Economic Weaker Section (EWS) category. A candidate who wants to avail of this benefit must belong to the General category at the central level. Those candidates who do not consider under the OBC category at the central level can avail of the EWS reservation provided they fulfil the eligibility criteria of the EWS category like their family income must be less than 8 LPA. To know more about eligibility criteria kindly refer to the article.


Also, JEE Advanced and JEE Main follow the same criteria for reservation of different categories. So, both follow the 10% reservation for the GEN-EWS category. 

4. What are the facilities provided to candidates belonging to the Pwd category?

  • They will get a compensatory time of 1 hour, so their total time will be 4 hours to attempt JEE Main and JEE Advanced exams.

  • The facility of Scribe to required candidates.

5. Can we bring our own scribe?

No, a PwD candidate can not bring his/her own scribe. The National Testing Agency (NTA) will provide the scribe to the candidates who are visually impaired or severely dyslexic or have lost hands/fingers or have disabilities in their upper limbs.

Share this with your friends