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Speech on Earthquake

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Last updated date: 16th Jul 2024
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Long and Short Speech on Earthquake in English

An earthquake, also known as a quake or tremor, is a sudden violent shaking of the earth that can be very destructive, collapsing buildings and destroying entire geographical areas. Earthquakes are such powerful natural phenomena that they can claim a large number of lives in a single event. Earthquakes, unlike other natural disasters such as floods and drought, are a sudden activity that does not give us time to prepare, resulting in the greatest number of casualties at one time. Here we have provided both long and short speeches on earthquakes in English.

Long Speech on Earthquake

Today, I am here to deliver a speech on an earthquake. An earthquake is the shaking of the earth caused by the sudden shifting of pieces of the Earth's crust. In comparison to the hot rock deeper inside, the crust, or thin outer layer, is mostly cold and brittle rock. This crust is riddled with large and small cracks known as faults. 

Although these faults can be hundreds of miles long, the cracks are usually invisible because they are buried deep underground and the pieces of crust are compressed together very tightly.

We frequently read in the news that an earthquake has occurred in a specific location. We learn that a large number of people have died.

During an earthquake, there are earth tremors. These tremors can be mild and not cause concern at times. The tremors can be quite severe at times. People can feel the ground sway beneath their feet.

Earthquakes happen as a result of a sudden release of stored energy. This energy has accumulated over time as a result of tectonic forces within the earth.

Most earthquakes occur along faults in the upper 25 miles of the earth's surface when one side of the fault rapidly moves relative to the other. Shock waves (seismic waves) are caused by this sudden motion and travel through the earth from their point of origin, known as the focus.

Now, the question arises: what are the causes of an earthquake? It is the ground motion caused by seismic waves that are referred to as an earthquake. Every year, thousands of earthquakes are felt by people, with over one million strong enough to be recorded by instruments.

Strong seismic waves can cause significant local damage and travel long distances. Even weaker seismic waves, however, can travel long distances and be detected by sensitive scientific instruments known as seismographs.

Geologists have devised several methods for determining the magnitude of an earthquake. The Richter scale, which measures the energy released in an earthquake by measuring the size of the seismic waves, is one of the most common methods. The Mercalli scale measures the effects of an earthquake, such as shaking and visible damage.

The next important thing to be aware of is the effects of earthquakes. The first one is ground shaking/tremors. In a large earthquake, violent ground shaking could last for up to a minute. It may be difficult to stay upright during the earthquake. In the weeks following the main quake, several hundred aftershocks were felt. The second one is landslides. The consequences of earthquake-induced landslides can range from severely weakened foundations and structural failures to total destruction.

The last one is fault movement. A fault rupture could result in several meters of horizontal and/or vertical movement. Buildings, roads, water mains, gas lines, and power cables that cross the fault line may be displaced as a result.

What should we do to Protect Ourselves?

We should-

  • Stay Calm

  • Follow the Earthquake Family Plan

  • Duck and Cover

  • Do not try to enter or leave any building during the earthquake.

After the earthquake is over, we should-

  • Check for injuries

  • Listen to the radio and/or television for important information

  • Not drink the water until told that it is safe

  • Check our location for possible damage and safeness

  • Relocate if necessary

  • Call out-of-town friends and family to update them on your safety and location.

Short Speech on Earthquake in English

An earthquake is a natural disaster. It is strange, but true, that the majority of earthquakes appear to occur during the winter season. Scientists believe it is caused by volcanoes and moving rocks beneath the earth's surface.

An earthquake can be a terrifying event. It appears out of nowhere and lasts only a short time. It only lasts a few seconds, but those few seconds are enough to frighten anyone mentally, physically, and socially.

They are caused by unusual movements of Earth's tectonic plates.

Seismology is the study of earthquakes. Earthquakes are usually short-lived, but they can happen again. The abrupt release of tension in the tectonic plates sends energy waves through the Earth. 

So, what are the different types of seismic plates? Seismic waves form when a large section of rock shifts abruptly. This rocking movement generates at least three different types of waves: P (primary) waves: When a rock is pushed or pulled forward or backward, pressure waves are produced. The fastest wave produced by an earthquake travels down into the earth rather than along the surface. 

Secondary (S) Waves: Shear waves are produced when a rock is shaken or whipped from side to side, similar to a slithery snake's wavy motion. Secondary waves, the second-fastest waves produced by an earthquake, travel downward into the earth rather than along its surface. 

Surface (L) Waves: Movement of the earth's surface up and down (rolling) or side to side.

Surface waves, the slowest earthquake waves, travel along the earth's surface rather than deep within it. Despite being the slowest of the earthquake waves, L waves typically cause more damage to society than P or S waves. L waves are named after a geologist who investigated them. These three types of waves are produced by every earthquake.

Now, let us educate ourselves about the do’s and don’t during an earthquake. If you are indoors, Take refuge beneath a table or bench. If there isn't a table or desk, sit against a wall away from objects that could fall on you, and avoid windows, bookcases, and tall, heavy furniture. Wait in your safe location until the ground stops shaking, then check to see if you are hurt. Examine the people around you as well. Move slowly and keep an eye out for anything that has fallen. Soon after, there may be aftershocks or smaller earthquakes. So, be ready. If you need to leave the building after the shaking has stopped, take the stairs rather than the elevator.

Stay safe, follow the instructions and educate yourself and the people around you.

Speech On Earthquake 300+ words in English

An earthquake can be a life-changing event. It appears out of nowhere and does not last long. It only lasts a few seconds, yet those few seconds are enough to terrify anyone on a mental, physical, and social level.

It not only makes people fearful, but it also does significant damage.

People are frightened by such calamities because sometimes people are buried alive beneath collapsing structures. Many individuals are displaced by this natural disaster in a matter of seconds. Some parts of the world, such as Japan, are prone to earthquakes. Because they are located in a seismic zone, this is the case. These places have been subjected to several earthquakes. Deforestation is one of the primary causes of earthquakes. We live in a country where our government has always stood by its people in the face of adversity.

By arriving at such a location on time, welfare organizations, the army, and government personnel have always worked for the welfare of victims.

Food and shelter are offered to the victims. Even doctors and nurses assist those who are injured as a result of such disasters. We should be grateful to a government that has always stood by us and assisted victims in regaining their footing after losing everything. May we always be able to overcome earthquakes with the help and support of the people in the future.

Earthquakes are a type of natural disaster that occurs suddenly. Earthquakes can strike anywhere and at any moment, resulting in the loss of life and environmental devastation. Tsunamis and volcanic eruptions are common after earthquakes. Earthquakes are shakiness or disruptions on the Earth's surface caused by seismic waves produced by the abrupt release of energy contained in the Earth's crust. The magnitude of an earthquake is measured with the help of a device known as a seismometer. The greater the magnitude, the more disastrous the event. Earthquakes strike suddenly and vary in intensity depending on geographical and physical factors. Earthquakes frequently strike areas on the borders of oceanic and continental plates. When earthquakes strike a residential area, residents should not panic but take precautions by going outside or hiding behind a substantial piece of furniture. We must be responsible and learn how to deal with an earthquake because its nature is abrupt.

10 Lines for Writing an Essay on Earthquake-

  1. An earthquake is a natural calamity that can occur at any moment of time and at anywhere on the earth’s surface.

  2. In comparison to other natural calamities, an earthquake is the most powerful and strong calamity which can destroy a big area.

  3. The earthquake has a long and devastating history from ancient times and the irregularity of its occurrence makes it more fearful.

  4. If we talk about earth, the earth’s crust consists of various unparallel solid rocks which slowly move deep inside.

  5. The surfaces on which the entire world stays are called plates and those plates collide with each other and produce an earthquake.

  6. The field of science in which earthquakes are studied is ‘seismology’ and it also determines the intensity and magnitude of an earthquake.

  7. The volcanic eruption which releases lava, gases, etc which creates pressure and imbalance inside the earth may also result in earthquakes.

  8. To protect oneself from an earthquake, one should stay inside or outside the house, but not too close to the building, lampposts, windows, and so on.

  9. People should stand close to the wall or hide by entering any furniture such as a bed, chair, or table.

  10. During an earthquake, always use the stairs to exit the building and reach open space; never use a lift. 


To summarize, an earthquake is a massive and terrifying natural phenomenon. It demonstrates humanity's frailty in the face of nature. It is a huge occurrence that has taken everyone by surprise. Above all, an earthquake only lasts a few seconds but can cause unfathomable damage.

Also, children can make a speech on earthquakes in Hindi by learning the points given above.

FAQs on Speech on Earthquake

1. What are the effects of an earthquake?

A big earthquake can cause the ground to shake violently for one minute. Standing during an earthquake might be extremely difficult. In the weeks following the significant earthquake, hundreds of aftershocks might be felt.

  • Landslide: Landslides caused by earthquakes can cause severe foundation and structural failures, as well as destruction.

  • Liquefaction: Ground-shaking transforms some soils into liquids, causing structures to flex or bend.

  • Defect Displacement: The mistake could be broken down into many meters of horizontal and vertical movement. Buildings, roads, water sources, gas lines, and electrical wires that cross the fault line may suffer as a result.

2. What does it mean to be a seismologist?

Earth scientists that specialize in geophysics research the generation and propagation of seismic waves in geological materials are known as seismologists. These used geological materials can range in size from a small, single laboratory sample to the entire Earth, that is, from the surface to the core.

Their research tries to decipher the Earth's geological makeup and structures. In the case of earthquakes, seismologists assess the potential threats and work to reduce their impact by raising construction standards.

3. Is there a maximal earthquake magnitude?

Although there is no mathematical limit to the magnitude computation, there is a physical limit. The magnitude is proportional to the surface area of the rock blocks that rub together and cause seismic waves. The intensity must also reach a maximum since the tectonic plates have limiting dimensions. The largest earthquakes are thought to have a magnitude of 9.5, which matches the intensity of the Chilean Earthquake.

4. What causes earthquakes and where do they happen?

Earthquakes happen worldwide, but the majority of them happen on active faults that define the Earth's major tectonic plates. Ninety percent of the world's earthquakes happen near these plate borders, which cover around 10% of the Earth's surface. The Pacific Ocean's "Ring of Fire," which includes Canada's west coast, is one of the world's most active locations. If you want to read more about these topics, download the Vedantu App and get free study material specially designed and curated by experts.

5. During an earthquake, does the ground open up?

No, it is a simple response. A widespread fallacy is that an earthquake causes a hole in the ground to open, swallowing unfortunate people. This is a Hollywood interpretation of earthquakes with nothing to do with reality. Fissures may appear on the ground or in basements following a big earthquake. These aren't flaws, nor are they crevasses that are about to close up. These fissures are most likely created by soil settlement due to ground shaking.