Speech on Disaster Management

Disaster is a severe climate and ecosystem destruction that not only destroys the beauty and natural vegetation of a region but also takes many people's lives. It can be either man-made or natural. Natural disasters include earthquakes, floods, droughts, cyclones, landslides, etc., while climate change, deforestation, smuggling and hunting, a war involving nuclear weapons, pollution are human-made disasters.


Long Speech on Disaster Management

Greeting everyone. Today, I am here to deliver a Speech on Disaster Management. Today, disaster is a widespread phenomenon that affects human society. Disasters can either be natural or man-made (like terrorism). People of different ages have witnessed the same issue. Since the nature of natural calamities differs, it is a great challenge for society. The number of disasters is rising very quickly and steadily, according to the latest World Disaster Reports.

People are becoming more vulnerable to disasters of all sorts, such as forest fires, earthquakes, droughts, floods, collisions, cyclones, landslides, plane crashes, etc. The effect of catastrophes has also changed with the progress of technology. It crosses all the curiosity and preparedness of the group that investigates the people when a catastrophe happens. In the case of developing and developed countries, this is true. The lives of many people have so far been swept away by worldwide earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, cyclones, etc.

It is critical for disaster management to deal with the dangers that occur before, during and after the disaster. The control of disasters is like taking medication to cure a disease. Epidemic diseases or industrial accidents, such as the Bhopal gas tragedy or the Fukushima nuclear power plant disaster, both of which are extremely dangerous to human life, can be termed as disasters. 

The Government of India also provides a separate fund called 'India's Contingent Fund' for disaster management in India. Not only does the disaster cause people to be materially injured, but it also provides people with emotional distress.

We have to monitor our needs in life to control these tragedies due to natural calamities. Due to our endless wants or the so-called needs we cut trees, we use gas, diesel etc. that cause environmental destruction. Deforestation is one of the major causes of drought, soil erosion, earthquakes, etc. and we have to plant more trees to avoid such disasters. The intensive use of fuels such as gasoline, petrol, etc. has increased the amount of CO2 in the air and, as a result, the temperature rises, the glaciers melt. 

Cooperating with the Civil Disaster Management Team and managing your emotions is crucial.  More often, individuals feel ignored by the Government and don't respond to the Disaster Management Team. The team, however, is helping to provide the victims with relief measures. Food, medications, relief camps, clothes and other important items are organized. If they get support from the people, then since they operate without stopping in such circumstances, they can raise their morale.

It is essential to know that the only difference is that they are qualified to support us. They are similarly impacted by the tragedy, so we must show patience and respect for their efforts.


Short Speech on Disaster Management

Today, I am here to deliver a Speech on Disaster Management. We must consider the causes of the occurrence of natural disasters before beginning with preventive steps. There are countless explanations for the development of natural disasters on a regular basis, many of which are directly or indirectly connected to our lifestyle. The key cause of natural disasters is our approach to achieving optimum comfort. We want to make our lives more flexible or looser, so we use unnecessary energy, food, water, which produces an ecological imbalance on earth that causes natural disasters. 

I hope the term "deforestation" is understood by all, which means cutting trees. Few trees on earth mean less oxygen and more carbon dioxide. Owing to the heavy presence of carbon dioxide, the melting of ice, rising temperatures, respiratory issues, etc., the ozone layer is depleted. The climate situation on Earth is experiencing a major change. The period of summer is rising and winter is decreasing. All of these shifts take you straight to extreme natural disasters, such as drought, floods, earthquakes, tsunamis, cyclones, tornadoes, soil erosion, etc.

We have to take certain proactive steps to monitor it before the situation worsens. The steps that we should take are entirely connected to our lifestyle. We have to come out of our zone of comfort. To compensate for the losses due to the harvest of deforestation and plant trees wherever possible, we should begin planting plants in our homes. Rising oxygen and reducing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere would help. As much as possible, we should decrease the use of water and electricity. It would be very beneficial to minimize food waste, as there will be less food consumption during the dry season.

I hope everyone present here will help in spreading awareness regarding the same.


10 Lines for Speech on Disaster Management in India

  1. The management of resources and duties to reduce the effects of disasters is disaster management.

  2. A natural disaster is a natural process or incident that, apart from the loss of property, can lead to the loss of life, injury or other health effects.

  3. Earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, hurricanes, flooding, blizzards, tsunamis and cyclones are some examples of natural disasters.

  4. To come up with a deliberate plan and response to mitigate the widespread damage caused by the floods and other disasters, more sustained efforts are required.

  5. They cause both humans and livestock to lose their lives.

  6. India is a highly disaster-prone nation due to its geographical position and geological formations.

  7. There have been many catastrophes in India, including floods, earthquakes, cyclones, tsunamis, droughts, landslides, etc.

  8. Many forums, funds and organizations in India are focusing on mitigating the impacts of disasters.

  9. Some of them include the National Disaster Management Authority, the National Remote Sensing Center, the Indian Medical Research Council, and the Central Water Board.

  10. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has been formed in India to coordinate responses across the country to natural or man-made disasters.


Types of Disasters :

There are various forms of disasters with which we must fight. They are listed below.

Natural Disasters:

Natural disasters are naturally occurring physical phenomena that are caused by either rapid or slow onset events and have immediate effects on human health as well as secondary effects that result in additional death and suffering. These disasters can be

  • Geophysical: Examples of geophysical disasters are Earthquakes, Landslides, Tsunamis, and Volcanic Activity.

  • Hydrological: Examples of Hydrological Disasters are Avalanches and Floods.

  • Climatological: Examples of Climatological Disasters are  Extreme Temperatures, Drought, and Wildfires.

  • Meteorological: Examples of Meteorological Disasters are Cyclones and Storms/Wave Surges.

  • Biological: Examples of Biological Disasters are Disease Epidemics and Insect/Animal Plagues.


Man-Made Disasters

Man-Made Disasters are disasters that occur in or near human habitation, as a result of environmental or technological disasters. This can include things like :

  • Environmental Degradation

  • Pollution

  • Accidents

 

Complex Emergencies

Multiple hazards, or a complex combination of both natural and man-made factors, such as a breakdown of authority, looting, and attacks on critical installations, including conflict situations and war, can produce disasters. Among them are :

  • Food Insecurity

  • Epidemics

  • Armed Conflicts

  • Displaced Populations


Pandemic emergencies:

A pandemic is an outbreak of an infectious illness that spreads across a large geographic region and has a high prevalence, affecting a large proportion of the world's population over several months. 

  • Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

  • Ebola

  • Zika

  • Avian Flu

  • Cholera

  • Dengue Fever

  • Malaria

  • Yellow fever

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is disaster management ?

Disasters are severe disruptions to a community's functioning that surpass the community's ability to cope using its own resources. Natural, man-made, and technical risks, as well as various elements that influence a community's exposure and vulnerability, can all contribute to disasters.

2. What are the hazards?

Natural hazards are physical occurrences that occur in nature. They might be anything from:

Geophysical: A geophysical hazard is one that arises from the solid earth (such as earthquakes, landslides and volcanic activity)

Hydrological: resulting from the existence, transport, and distribution of water on the surface of the earth (such as floods and avalanches)

Climatological: having to do with the weather (such as droughts and wildfires)

Biological: Exposure to live organisms and their poisonous compounds or diseases they may transmit (such as disease outbreaks and insect/animal plagues) causes biological effects.

Human-induced and technical hazards are incidents that occur in or near human settlements and are caused by humans. Complex emergencies, conflicts, industrial accidents, transportation accidents, environmental degradation, and pollution are all examples.

3. Define disaster management?

Disasters come in a number of different forms. Human-caused disasters include industrial explosions and structural breakdowns, which are caused by human mistake. Natural disasters, such as earthquakes and droughts, are caused by physical processes. Epidemics and armed conflicts are examples of complicated disasters.

Disasters, in any form, disrupt communities and can have major consequences for people, property, businesses, and the environment. They frequently put a community's ability to cope to the limit.

The practice of efficiently preparing for and responding to calamities is known as disaster management. It involves strategically allocating resources to reduce the damage caused by calamities. It also involves a systematic strategy to handle catastrophe prevention, readiness, response, and recovery duties.

4. What is disaster relief?

Disaster relief addresses disaster-affected populations' immediate and short-term needs. Evacuations, search and rescue missions, and emergency medical aid are all examples.

The following are some examples of disaster relief:

  • Providing a safe place to sleep, food, and emotional support from skilled workers by establishing temporary shelters.

  • Providing food and water

  • Emergency supplies and essentials, including toiletries for hygiene and tarps, shovels, and garbage bags for cleanup tasks, are being distributed.

  • Providing emergency health services, such as injury first aid and prescription medication substitutions.

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