Gandhi Jayanti Speech

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Speech on Gandhi Jayanti in English For Students

Gandhi Jayanti Speech is often given by students on the occasion of the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi also known as Mahatma Gandhi. It is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti on 2nd October every year and students and children participate in various stage programs and deliver speeches honouring Gandhiji. In this article, the Gandhi Jayanti speech in English or the Speech on 2nd October is given in detail. Students can prepare a long speech on Gandhi Jayanti as well as a short speech on Gandhi Jayanti on their own with the help of the below-given information.

Long Speech on Gandhi Jayanti

A long speech on Gandhi Jayanti in English is advantageous for students in grades 7-12. Let’s take a look at the Mahatma Gandhi speech in English for students given below.

Greetings to everyone gathered here on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti, I (your name) heartily welcome you to celebrate this momentous day along with us.

On 2nd October, every year India celebrates a national holiday in remembrance and honour of the birth of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi as Gandhi Jayanti. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who is also famously referred to as Mahatma Gandhi, was given the title of “Father of The Nation'' by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose for his relentless struggles for our independence. The Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore gave him the title of ‘Mahatma’ which means ‘the one with the greatest soul’. Today is his 153rd birth anniversary and we are here to revisit the principles via which he led his life and fought for independence. 

Gandhiji’s two main principles were peace and non-violence (Ahimsa). He has always been a follower of truth, honesty, and non-violence. As he gave us a strong weapon of ‘Non-violence’ for fighting, the UN General Assembly declared this day as International Day of Non-violence. 

Our honourable Prime Minister, President, and other people go to Raj Ghat to pay respect at his Samadhi on this day with flowers. His favourite song, ‘Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram’, is also sung worldwide on this day. All academic institutions, government offices, and other organisations stay closed on this day. Various programs like speech competitions, essay writing, collage making, poster presentation, etc., are held everywhere on this day. 

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in Porbandar, Gujarat on October 2, 1869, in British India to a merchant class family. He completed his initial studies in British-ruled India and later went to England for higher studies. After completing his education, he tried to practice law in India.  He was 24 when he first left India with his wife Kasturba to pursue law in South Africa. He encountered inequality for the first time due to his race and colour. He was thrown out of the train because he didn’t resemble his white co-passengers. He worked in South Africa to better the lives of Indians for a few years. 

When he returned to India to practice law he was appalled to see the injustices around him and his deep sense of doing justice was triggered. He started working for our independence with Champaran Satyagraha in 1917. He also joined the Indian National Congress in 1920. With his weapon of non-violence, he showed the world a new light towards change. He always fought for what is right and participated in many non-violent civil rights movements and led many campaigns like Dandi March which is also called Salt March in 1930 to protest against the illegally imposed salt tax as this basic amenity was already freely available to us due to our coastal location where thousands of people followed Gandhi to the Arabian Sea from his religious retreat in Ahmedabad and the famous Quit India Movement in 1942. He also felt strongly about many unfair practices imposed by British rule and fought against racism, the caste system, discriminating against people by claiming them as untouchables, and many such societal inequalities.  He was the key person of the Quit India Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, and Non-co-operation Movement. He impacted the people of the world in many ways. Due to these protests, he along with his followers and many other freedom fighters served their time in prison.

Due to his active interaction with people and the influence he had because of his keen interest in their matters as he truly cared for the people and the desire to help them he soon after became the leader of the Congress party, and this only accelerated the power of Mahatma Gandhi as now his followers and supporters increased and so did his opponents.

He invented a new way to protest referred to as peaceful civil disobedience (Satyagraha). He struggled for India’s freedom and helped us gain freedom from the British subjugation that lasted over 200 years. Gandhi also toiled to remove social evils that were rampant in the then Indian society. This included evil like Sati, child marriage, untouchability, and casteism. 

Gandhiji lived a life of simplicity. He wanted to preach to his followers to keep things simple and to not be attached to worldly pleasures. Despite being a world-renowned leader, he wore plain Khadi clothes that he spun at home on his charkha. He was inspired by the great ascetics and gurus of India who achieved great feats through simple living. Gandhiji was devoutly religious and respectful towards all Indian religions. He believed in the equality of all and that everybody had a right to worship their own gods. 

He devoted his life relentlessly towards spreading awareness about the importance of equality, peace, harmony and brotherhood. He always opposed untouchability and worked for Hindu-Muslim unity. He believed in eradicating all social evils, worked along with Kasturba to empower women, and fought for women’s rights. He was also concerned about farmers, and hence he tried to improve their economic condition throughout his life. His principles and values still hold great value and people consider it to be the right path to follow and these ideas were spread by many of his disciples, literature writers, and artists. 

On 30 January 1948, he was assassinated by Nathuram Godse at the age of 78. Gandhi was shot at point-blank range in the chest. The incident occurred in the compound of Birla House, now known as Gandhi Smriti. His Samadhi, named Raj Ghat, is situated in Delhi. He is no more with us, but his light and guidance are immortal. ‘Hey Ram’ were his last words, and ‘My life is my message’ was his motto. He followed and actively preached non-violence through his actions. He is a great man who inspires Indians and people all around the world to live an honest and truthful life and believe in the powers of virtues. 

Today as we go about our lives let’s remember and honour his philosophy by treating people with respect and equality without any prejudices and not conforming to violence even at our worst, let’s lead a life in peace by following the path of non-violence. Jai Hind!

Short Speech on Gandhi Jayanti

A short speech on Gandhi Jayanti in English for students is helpful for students in grades 4-6. Let’s take a look at the short speech on Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti in English.

Good morning all, My name is ABC (your name) and we have gathered to celebrate the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi.

This national holiday is to celebrate independence and honour the principles through which our freedom fighters led us to this day. The most notable contribution was of the Father of our Nation, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi who is also called Bapu especially by children. He worked in South Africa against racial injustice. He fought for our independence by following the principles of peace and non-violence. He led many successful campaigns like removing the tax imposed on salt and also calling the British to Quit India. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated by everyone regardless of their religion or caste. He was the cheerleader for reforming rights and questioning norms especially for the underprivileged and for that section of society that was paid the least attention to. He worked to attain India’s freedom and made us free from British governance for 200 years. He strived to abolish untouchability from Indian society.  

He preferred a simple life with minimal things and was a keen observer of cleanliness. Our government runs ‘Swachchh Bharat Abhiyan’ in his name to encourage people to keep their surroundings clean. Despite being a known leader, he always wore plain Khadi clothes. This symbolises his simplistic way of living which was one of his ideas of living. In his spare time, he spun Khadi on a Charkha. He lived like an ascetic and used minimal things in his day-to-day routine. Gandhi Ji deeply respected and took pride in the Indian traditional culture. He was a pious man who believed in God and encouraged people to fight against evil.

Gandhiji breathed his last breath on 30th January 1948 and uttered “Hey Ram” as his last words. He was assassinated by Nathuram Godse who was also a member of the Hindu Mahasabha. He rests today at Raj Ghat in New Delhi and thousands of respect are paid in the forms of garland and singing his favourite song ‘Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram’. Our honourable Prime Minister, President, and other notable leaders go to Raj Ghat (his Samadhi) on Gandhi Jayanti to pay tribute to him. All academic institutions, government offices, and other organizations stay closed on this day. Various cultural programs like speech competition, essay writing, collage making, poster presentation, etc. are held on this day.  

He believed in simple living and big deeds. His life’s motto ‘My life is my message’ also conveyed the same ideas. He once said, ‘An eye for an eye, will make the whole world blind’ to show the importance of non-violence.  His life, messages, and wisdom not only influenced Indians but also inspired the whole world to believe in the religion of humanity.

On this day let us pledge ourselves to follow the path of the legacy he left behind and lead our lives in peace and harmony.

Thank you.

10 Lines Speech on Mahatma Gandhi

The 10 Line Speech on Mahatma Gandhi is extremely helpful for students in grades 1-3 as they gain a certain perspective on the topic in a simple and easy form.

  1. Gandhi Jayanti is a national holiday celebrated on 2nd October every year.

  2. Children and adults both celebrate with equal zeal.

  3. Mahatma Gandhi fought bravely for the freedom of our country and was a great freedom fighter.

  4. Children dress up as ‘Bapu’ and participate in different stage performances.

  5. Every community, Hindu, Sikh, Muslim, Christian celebrate Bapu’s birthday with a great sense of unity. 

  6. People revisit the ideologies and teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.

  7. This day is observed as a national holiday and is the third national holiday after Independence day and republic day.

  8. It is also celebrated worldwide as the International day of non-violence. 

  9. At the end of the school, celebration sweets are distributed among children.

  10. His ideas of non-violence are discussed and debated.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is a good way to start a speech?

Introducing the key theme of your speech or adding a quote which represents your speech. In this way, you can add a significant impact and catch your audience’s attention from the beginning.

2. How to make your speech more effective?

Having adequate knowledge of the topic can prove to be of significant value. For instance, the Gandhi Jayanti speech can be delivered smoothly when you have proper information regarding the history of Gandhi and his role in attaining the freedom of India. 


One can get access to great speeches on Mahatma Gandhi ji like these from the website of Vedantu and its mobile application. 

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