Order of Words in a Sentence

About Order of Words in a Sentence

To understand the order of words in a sentence, let us consider two sentences, “Basic mathematics is easy to solve” and “Basic mathematics to solve is easy”. Both the sentences convey the same message, but when we follow the grammar, the first sentence will be the correct one. The mistake in the second sentence is the order in which it is constructed, thus following the correct order of words is important while constructing the sentence.


The study of the order of constituents of a language is word order typology. Some languages use a fixed order to convey the message whereas some languages are very flexible to use, this helps to change the order of the sentence depending on the usage of the words that is depending on the way of conveying the grammatical information. Let us learn more about word order in English sentences.


Sentence Order

The correlation between the orders is found in the different sub-domains. The primary orders include:

Constituent Order of Clause: It is defined in terms of the verb and it contains two arguments such as subject and object. Here the subject and object represent the nouns. We have probably six basic word orders, they are:

  1. SOV Form: Subject-Object-Verb, half of the languages situated in the world follow this pattern.

  2. SVO Form: Subject-Verb-Object, one-third of the languages situated in the world follow this pattern.

  3. VSO Form: Verb-Subject-Object, only a small number of languages follow this pattern.

  4. VOS Form: Verb-Object-Subject, is rarely used but more common than the OVS and OSV from.

  5. OVS Form: Object-Verb-Subject.

  6. OSV Form: Object-Subject-Verb, is the rarest one.

  • Order of Modifiers: These include adjectives, demonstratives, etc.

  • Order of adverbs 

 

Types of the Order of Word in a Sentence

While speaking normally we do follow a certain pattern and while asking questions or while enquiring we follow another pattern:


  1. Standard Word Order: The standard word order is related to the constituent order of clause, thus the main word orders will be, SVO, SOV, and VSO.


SVO Order Sentence Examples

Dog

Eats

Meat

S

V

O


SOV Example

Dog

Meat

Eats

S

O

V


VSO Example

Eats

Dog

Meat

V

S

O


  1. Questions: We follow a Different Order while asking the Question.

Auxiliary verb or modal auxiliaries + Subject + Verb (ASV)

Can she sing?

If the ASV includes an object then the pattern will be

Auxiliary verb or modal auxiliaries +Subject +Verb + Object (ASVO)

Does she eat chicken?

Some of the Auxiliary verb or modal auxiliaries include:


Auxiliary Verbs

Be

Do

Have

Is

do

have

am

did

had

been

does

has

was


having

being



are




Modal Auxiliaries are Never changing Form

Can

Could

Should

Will

must

would

Ought to

may

shall

might




10 Examples of Order Sentences

  • He is cleaning the house.

  • She loves the cool breeze.

  • Every day she visits the temple.

  • She gave a presentation to her father.

  • She was watching a movie when I called.

  • The dog is eating the bones.

  • I like it a lot when it rains in the evening. 

  • The teacher punished me.

  • The Indian students are smart and naughty.

  • Suddenly, it started to rain.

By following the above 10 examples of order sentences the importance of the order of words should be clear by now.


Parts of the Sentence Order in English

The majority of the sentence follows the SVO pattern, but still, we add some of the words such as indirect objections, prepositions, modifiers, and adverbs. 


  1. Indirect Objects: These indirect objects are always added in between the verb and object thus the new pattern will be, SVIO.

Example: I fed the birds some seeds.

I

fed

birds

seeds

subject

verb

Indirect object

Direct object


  1. Prepositional Phrases: They have a special position in sentences if we use the prepositions such as ‘to or for’ then the indirect objects act as a part of prepositional phrases.

Example: I fed some seeds to the birds.


  1. Adverbs: These are used to modify adjectives, verbs, or other adverbs. It adds things like degree, time, and manner and these words end with ‘ly’. These are special because they can be used in more than one spot in the same sentence. Thus to have the correct sentence we should follow some rules such as:

  • While modifying an adverb or adjective, the adverb is placed before the word that should be modified. 

Example: I was extremely hungry.

  • While modifying a verb, an adverb should be added to the right side of the verb. 

Example: She ran quickly to the bus.

  • When the adverbs in the sentence are expressing the frequency of it, then the adverb is placed after the subject. 

Example: He always speaks fastly.

  • The adverbs that express the time are always added either at the beginning or end of the sentence.

Example: She wants to go to the movie right now.

 

Conclusion

Thus we got to know that it is important to follow the pattern or order to have a meaningful sentence. To avoid mistakes while using the order of the sentences, we should follow some tricks or rules. While following the pattern we should write or speak the sentence in such a way that there should not be any confusion and the sentence should provide complete thought. Always place the subject first, a modifier such as an adverb should be present as close to the one that is getting modified. A simple trick to follow is always after completing the sentence, reread it to get the proper flow of the sentence.


A sentence can be defined in terms of a word or group of words that makes complete sense.


It always begins with a Capital letter and ends with a full stop, the note of interrogation(?) or a note of exclamation(!). It can be never without a Finite Verb.

Examples —

One word sentence —

Go.

A group of words with a complete sense —

I eat rice.

Begins with a Capital letter —

She was talking.

Ends with a —

Full stop:

I eat rice.

Note of interrogation:

Do you eat rice?

Note of exclamation:

How beautifully the baby smiles!

Never without a Finite Verb —

Being a doctor, (this is incomplete and has a Non-finite Verb being)

Being a doctor, he knew the medicines. (This is complete and has a Finite Verb knew which changes with Tense, Number and Person)

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the Order of a Word?

Writing the sentence in a correct means, the words that are used in the sentence should be arranged properly to provide the correct meaning. The standard word order that is followed usually are: Subject + Verb + Object

2. Write the Order of Words in sentence examples.

She likes chocolate,


She

likes

chocolate

Subject

Verb

Object

3. How many types of sentences? 

Sentences are classified into the following categories :

  • Declarative Sentences: it is to relay information or to answer the questions. 

  • Interrogative sentences: interrogative sentences are used to ask any questions. They start with a helping verb or the question making words like how, why, what etc. A question mark is written on the end to show an interrogative sentence.

  • Exclamatory Sentences: They are generally used to express sudden feelings and emotions.

  • Imperative Sentences: imperative sentences are used to give orders and instructions to someone. They are also used to give suggestions and orders.

4. What are interrogative sentences and why are they used?

Interrogative sentences are the sentences that are used to ask any question. Formation of Interrogative sentences can be of two types. These types are : the sentences starting with question words and sentences starting with helping verbs. The example of a sentence starting with question words is "Are you mad ?" The answer to feelings such types of questions can be given simply with Yes or no. The question starts with a question making words like what , how , why etc. need an explanation to answer the questions. 

5. How can we improve our English ?

Improving your English communication is not a difficult task. But it only needs concentration . You can follow these steps to improve it.

  • Watch some of the good English Hollywood movies.

  • Watch English web series.

  • Watch English news channels.

  • Read English newspapers for vocabulary.

  • Read fiction novels. It's fun to read, easy to understand and fast to grasp.

  • Try to interact with everyone in English.

You can also refer to articles of Vedantu in English. Here you can get the best content. 

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