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Body Parts Name and Functions for Kids

Last updated date: 28th Feb 2024
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An Introduction to the Human Body

As kids start growing up, they become more curious about their surroundings as well as their body. Kids usually know about the visible body parts and are familiar with the function of the body parts to some extent. Some of the common body part names that kids know are head, shoulders, knees, toes, etc. But what are the other important body parts? Each main body portion is made up of smaller body parts that serve diverse purposes.

The article provides the names of body parts as well as their fundamental functions. This article is aimed at helping kids learn about the names of the different body parts, which can help widen their vocabulary and develop a better understanding of their bodies.

A Brief Introduction to Body Parts

The human body is made of a large number of organs. These organs perform their functions to sustain a healthy life. Since we contain a lot of organs, it collectively forms a system called the organ system. Different body parts or organs work in coordination to help us perform our daily functions. For a better understanding of the kids, the body parts are divided into three groups that are the torso, extremities, and internal parts.

Illustrating the body parts of a human

Image illustrating the body parts of a human

The Torso

The torso is also known as the trunk, it is the central part of the human body. The torso starts from the head and extends to the waist of the body. The organs that are constituted in it includes the hip, waist, ribcage, belly button, abdomen, hips chest, and spine. The main function of the torso is to provide stabilisation to the body. It maintains the posture. The torso also protects the internal organs of the body. Examples of the internal organ protected by the torso include the heart, lungs and the wind and the food pipe.

Illustrating the torso of a human body

Image illustrating the torso of a human body

The Extremities

The extremity is a term used to define the legs and arms of the human body. The arm of the human body can further be divided into the shoulder, elbows, palm, and finger. The legs are further divided into the thighs, knees, calves, and feet. All these structures together make up the arms and legs of the human body.

The arm helps us carry objects, eat food, and balance things, whereas the legs are primarily involved in locomotion. Locomotion refers to movement from one place to another.

Parts of arm and legs

Image illustrating the parts of arm and legs

Internal Organs

The body parts discussed till now are the organs that are visible to us. But it is very interesting to note that there are organs inside the human body that are not visible to the naked eye but carry out critical functions that ensure our survival. In simpler terms, internal organs are the body parts that are present inside the cavity of the human body. Examples of internal organs include the liver, kidney, brain, heart, lungs, and stomach. Let us look into some of the important functions performed by the internal organs.

Illustrating the internal organs of a body

Image illustrating the internal organs of a body

Liver- It is located in the upper right part of the abdominal cavity, it is one of the most essential organs of the human body. The two most important functions of the liver are detoxification and digestion. The molecules secreted by the liver aids in food digestion.

Kidney- It is a bean-shaped organ; there are two kidneys in the human body. They are crucial for the survival of a human being. They are responsible for the purification of blood and the formation of urine.

Heart- The heart is located in the ribcage. It is the organ that works non-stop from the time of birth. The heart is responsible for pumping blood into the body. Kids can listen to the pumping sound of the heart through the chest.

Brain- The most important part of the human body is the brain. It is the organs that control all the activity performed by the body. Whether it is the consumption of food or walking down the road or memorising the body parts name, these all functions are controlled by the brain.


By now we presume you have learnt and understood the important body parts. We hope to have helped kids to develop a better understanding of the body part names and their functions. The knowledge of these names not only help kids to perform better at school but also help to develop a better understanding of their body. Parents are advised to encourage their children to learn about the basic body parts and their functions through pictures and videos. This would also help them in understanding hygiene and protection of their body as they grow.

FAQs on Body Parts Name and Functions for Kids

1. Name two internal organs.

Liver, kidney, stomach, intestine and brain are some of the important internal organs. The liver helps in digestion, the kidney helps in urine formation whereas food is stored in the stomach and is digested in the intestine. The organs collectively form the organ system.

2. Name the parts of arms.

Shoulder,  forearm elbow, wrist and fingers together constitute the arm of a human body. The forearm is responsible for the movement of the wrist and connecting the arm to the wrist, the shoulders also help in movement and provide structural support to the arm.