The Indian Constitution Class 8 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 1 - PDF Download
The constitution is an integral part of the law of a country. Every citizen of a country should be aware of their constitution. Students are the future citizens of a country. They have to be involved in social life. The students should perform some social duties as a responsible citizen of a country. So, the secondary education board of our country has included the constitution chapter in class 8 civics syllabus. From this chapter, the students will get a brief knowledge of the constitution of our country from an early age. The students should study class 8 civics chapter 1 notes sincerely to have a clear concept of this chapter.
Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution Notes
Necessity of Constitution in a Country
Every democratic country has a written constitution. But not every country who has a constitution needs to be democratic. The constitution of a country shapes its fundamental nature of society. The Constitution makes sure that the country is under discipline and governed in a certain way. All the citizens can agree upon a natural decision of the constitution. Three vital reasons to have constitution are-
The Constitution prevents the improper power use of the dominant groups against the less powerful people.
The constitution ensures that political leaders use their power in the wrong way and harm citizens.
The constitution of a country protects the citizens from the effective adverse decision on large principles of the country.
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Characteristics of The Indian Constitution
Class 8 social science civics chapter 1 provides a brief knowledge of the constitution of our country. Every society is formed with some specific rules, and they are different from the others. In a large community or society such as a country, some specific rules are necessary. The rules maintain the discipline of the country. In modern countries, these constitutive rules are available in written format. This format is called the constitution of our country. India has a constitution to be followed with some key features. The key features of Indian constitution class 8 are discussed here briefly.
Federalism: The government having more than one level in a country is called federalism. Indian constitution has federalism in its rules. There are several government levels in our country, such as state-level government, Panchayati level government, central level, etc. Federalism contains the collective law system of different government levels. The constitution decides the activities of each tier of government. This policy of federalism governs all citizens of India.
Parliamentary Government Form: India is a republic country. Every citizen of India has the right to elect their favourite representative and have a direct role in the election. Also, the citizens can be the representative with eligibility criteria and contest in the election.
Power Separation: Indian government power is separated into three different organs. Three government organs are –
The citizens elect the representation, and that person is called the legislature.
The group, who run the government and implement laws, are called the executive.
The court system of Indian is called the judiciary.
Fundamental Rights: The citizens of India have some individual rights, which are called fundamental rights. The fundamental rights of Indian citizens are-
Right to freedom
Right to equality
Right to freedom of religion
Right to constitutional remedies
Rights against exploitation
Cultural and educational rights
The objectives of fundamental rights are-
The rights must be upon the in-charge authority, which makes the law.
The citizens must be able to claim fundamental rights.
Secularism: In secular countries, the states have not the right to promote any specific religion. The citizens of a secular country can have any religion. Indian constitution includes secularism, and that is why India is a secular country.
How Can Students Clear Their Concept?
The students of class 8 get the opportunity to study the Indian constitution included in their syllabus. For a clear concept of this chapter, they should follow the Indian constitution class 8 ppt. They will get to know the details about the constitution and the need for laws class 8. The chapter contains the prior knowledge of the constitution, the formation of the constitution and the key features of Indian constitution class 8.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. What is the necessity of studying class 8 social science chapter 1?
Class 8 social science civics chapter 1 gives the knowledge of the Indian constitution. As a responsible citizen of the country, the students should perform social duties. To perform social duties, the students have to know the social life and the rules of society. The constitution is the supreme social rule of a country. Therefore, students must know the Indian constitution. They should read class 8 social science civics chapter 1 sincerely. From this chapter, they will have the primary idea of the constitution. Also, they will get to know the history of the Indian constitution, the formation of the Indian constitution, Key features of Indian constitution, etc.
2. Describe the formation process of the Indian constitution?
Every democratic country needs to write a constitution. Indian constitution was written in 1946. First of all, a constituent assembly was formed with 300 people. That group of people wrote the Indian constitution collaboratively. While writing the constitution, the writers had to keep in mind many parameters. They focus on the different religions and languages of India. That is why they added secularism in the constitution. To prevent the power misuse of dominant groups and leaders, essential rules were included. The writer group kept in mind the individual rights and freedoms of the citizens and the included fundamental rights and publicity in the Indian constitution. Thus, the Indian constitution was written considering social life.