CBSE Class 10 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 7 Notes - Outcomes of Democracy

Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 7 - PDF Download

As many of us already know, the government of India is a democratic form of government. In fact, it is the largest democracy in the whole world. As it has been stated in our constitution, the Republic of India is a “Sovereign Democratic Republic”. Dictatorship is the exact opposite of what a democracy is. Therefore, it is important to understand the various outcomes of a democratic form of government in terms of its political, social and economic aspects. The Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 notes by Vedantu will analyse these various aspects. Download the free PDF now.

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CBSE Class 10 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 7 Notes - Outcomes of Democracy part-1

Outcomes of Democracy Notes: Definition

As stated earlier, the various outcomes of democracy are understood through the political, economic and social aspects of a country. This is because a democratic government is founded on the grounds of involvement of the population of a country. The population at large gets to decide who they want to vote for and represent their country with.


It is a sharp contrast to the government practice of dictatorship, as practised in North Korea. A dictatorship is a form of government where the entire nation or country is represented by one primary leader, called the dictator. He is responsible for all of the country’s decisions with regards to its population. This form of government is generally considered quite harmful since the nation’s entire population is bound to vary in ideologies than those of their leader.


Therefore, democracy is considered a more representative and functioning government system than dictatorship since the general population is in charge of the country’s political leaders. To learn more, please refer to Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy Revision Notes Class 10 PDF.


Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 - Three Major Aspects

While discussing the three major aspects of a country based on which a democratic government operates, two fundamental questions regarding its outcomes arise. The most obvious one being “What are the outcomes of democracy?” and the other being “How can one examine the outcomes of democracy?” Therefore, when you proceed with the notes of Outcomes of Democracy, these two questions shall be answered in detail.


To state it briefly, the form of a functional democratic government is to improve a nation’s socio-economic environment through multiple ways such as:

  • Promoting and practising equality in the country among its people.

  • Enhancing an individual’s dignity through the ways of them being in power while selecting their leaders for the country.

  • Improving decision-making practices by considering various perspectives to reach a conclusion.

  • Resolving internal as well as external conflicts through functional means and methods.

  • Allowing any mistake to be readdressed and corrected.

Political Outcomes of Democracy

The first aspect while discussing the outcomes of democracy is the political aspect. So, to examine the political outcomes of democracy, it must be understood that the political dimension through which democracy operates is based on the interests of the general population. The government is set up by the citizens through the electoral college and elected representatives. Therefore, the outcomes of democracy with respect to the political spectrum are dependent on the power of the citizens of a country. To get more information on the political outcomes of democracy, you can refer to Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 notes PDF by Vedantu.


Similarly, the decision-making of the government is also performed by considering the general consensus among the citizens of the country in order to align their political interests with the interests of the governing body. Therefore, through the practices of a democratic government, the government is held accountable for its actions and is responsive to the general needs of the population.


Economic Outcomes of Democracy

Although the political regime of a democratic nation is superior to that of a dictatorship in terms of economic status under a democratic government, it is less effective than that of a dictatorship regime. Albeit more preferable to execute, the economic outcomes of democracy are oftentimes vastly unequal and exploitative.


Since it doesn’t function in accordance with the entire population of a democratic nation, the economy of a democratic state is generally more favourable to the financially affluent than to the impoverished. Therefore, the economic outcome is vastly unjust under democracy, as stated by Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 notes by Vedantu.


Did You Know?

  • A democratic government cannot function without the mutual cooperation of all the social classes in a country.

  • A democratic government is formed by the ruling party in a country and the government operates on the Rule by a majority which is often reflected among the general population of a country.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. What is the most Basic Outcome of Democracy in a Country in Terms of its Political and Economic Status?

Ans. The most basic outcome of democracy can be understood by analysing the country’s political and economic status under the practices of democracy. To put it briefly, a democratic government is more preferable since it ideally forms on the grounds of the power of the general population. Therefore, a democratic government will be held accountable for its actions and should consider its citizens’ needs and feedback. However, the economic status under a democratic regime is generally unjust and vastly unequal among its citizens. This is because the distribution of generated wealth under democracy is distributed unevenly among the country’s citizens.

Q2. How does a Democratic Government Differ from a Dictatorship in its Practices Towards the General Population?

Ans. A democratic regime follows the establishment of a governing body by considering the needs and requirements of the country’s citizens through the practices of election and voting. Whereas, a dictatorship regime follows the establishment of a country’s governing body through the ruling of one primary leader and then succeeded by the members of their own family. Therefore, a dictatorship regime doesn’t function in accordance with the interests of the general population of a country. So, as can be understood, a democratic government is relatively more considerate of its citizens by giving them the power to choose their leaders, unlike dictatorship.

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