Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 7 - PDF Download
As many of us already know, the government of India is a democratic form of government. In fact, it is the largest democracy in the whole world. As it has been stated in our constitution, the Republic of India is a “Sovereign Democratic Republic”. Dictatorship is the exact opposite of what a democracy is. Therefore, it is important to understand the various outcomes of a democratic form of government in terms of its political, social and economic aspects. The Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 notes by Vedantu will analyse these various aspects. Download the free PDF now.
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Why is Democracy Considered a Better Form of Government?
Democracy can be considered a better form of government because:
It Promotes equality among citizens
Every individual is prioritized and hence enhances their trust.
The quality of decision making is enhanced.
Provides a method to resolve conflicts
Allows room to correct mistakes
Democracy is a form of government that can only provide conditions to achieve the goals but it is the citizens who should properly utilize those goals.
Accountable, Responsive and Legitimate Government
Whenever there is possibility and necessity, citizens should be able to participate in decision making, which affects them all.
Democracy frames a government that is accountable to all the citizens and meets their expectations too.
Democracy can sometimes create a less efficient government. It is certainly true that non-democratic rulers do not have to bother about deliberation in assemblies or worry about majorities and public opinion and hence have less restrain over their actions.
Democratic is more based on deliberation and negotiations and hence decision making can take a lot of time since they keep everyone into consideration. These decisions are better welcomed by the citizens and mostly bear fruitful results.
The procedure of making a decision is followed using a list of instructions and hence it could be examined at any point. This feature of democracy is called transparency and is often missing in non-democratic governments.
Therefore, when we are trying to find out the outcomes of democracy, we expect democracy to produce a government that follows procedures and is accountable to the people.
If we measure democracies on the basis of the expected outcomes, we should look for the following practices and institutions: regular, free and fair elections; open public debate on major policies and legislations; and citizens’ right to information about the government and its functioning.
Democracies that are successful in all these aspects are open for debate.
The presence of corruption in the government proves that it has its own vices along with merits.
Advantage people wish to be ruled by representatives elected by them.
Economic Growth and Development
If we consider all democracies and all dictatorships for the fifty years between 1950 and 2000, dictatorships have a slightly higher rate of economic growth.
A democratic form of government does have the inability to achieve higher economic development.
The economic development of a country depends on:
Aid from other nations
Economic strategies adopted by the respective government.
Economic Outcomes of Democracy
Countries having dictatorship as a primary form of government have more economic growth, compared to democracy.
About 20 per cent of the population takes up more than 60 per cent of the world population in democratic countries like Brazil and South Africa.
Reduction of Inequality and Poverty
Democratic governments shouldn’t focus on growing economically but on reducing economic disparities that exist between rich and poor.
Poverty is a topic not well addressed by democratic governments as can be noted in countries like Bangladesh where more than half of its population lives in poverty.
Accommodation of Social Diversity
No society can fully and permanently resolve conflicts among different groups but these differences should be respected in a culturally diverse society.
These two conditions must be met by a democracy:
The majority and minority, both should work together. Opinions of both must be respected for the smooth functioning of the government.
Rule by a ruling party shouldn’t become rule by the majority community.
Rule by majority means that in case of every decision or in case of every election, different persons and groups may and can form a majority.
If someone is barred from being in majority on the basis of birth, then the democratic rule ceases to be accommodative for that person or group.
Outcomes of Democracy Notes: Definition
As stated earlier, the various outcomes of democracy are understood through the political, economic and social aspects of a country. This is because a democratic government is founded on the grounds of involvement of the population of a country. The population at large gets to decide who they want to vote for and represent their country with.
It is a sharp contrast to the government practice of dictatorship, as practised in North Korea. A dictatorship is a form of government where the entire nation or country is represented by one primary leader, called the dictator. He is responsible for all of the country’s decisions with regards to its population. This form of government is generally considered quite harmful since the nation’s entire population is bound to vary in ideologies than those of their leader.
Therefore, democracy is considered a more representative and functioning government system than dictatorship since the general population is in charge of the country’s political leaders. To learn more, please refer to Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy Revision Notes Class 10 PDF.
Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 - Three Major Aspects
While discussing the three major aspects of a country based on which a democratic government operates, two fundamental questions regarding its outcomes arise. The most obvious one being “What are the outcomes of democracy?” and the other being “How can one examine the outcomes of democracy?” Therefore, when you proceed with the notes of Outcomes of Democracy, these two questions shall be answered in detail.
To state it briefly, the form of a functional democratic government is to improve a nation’s socio-economic environment through multiple ways such as:
Promoting and practicing equality in the country among its people.
Enhancing an individual’s dignity through the ways of them being in power while selecting their leaders for the country.
Improving decision-making practices by considering various perspectives to reach a conclusion.
Resolving internal as well as external conflicts through functional means and methods.
Allowing any mistake to be readdressed and corrected.
Political Outcomes of Democracy
The first aspect while discussing the outcomes of democracy is the political aspect. So, to examine the political outcomes of democracy, it must be understood that the political dimension through which democracy operates is based on the interests of the general population. The government is set up by the citizens through the electoral college and elected representatives. Therefore, the outcomes of democracy with respect to the political spectrum are dependent on the power of the citizens of a country. To get more information on the political outcomes of democracy, you can refer to Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 notes PDF by Vedantu.
Similarly, the decision-making of the government is also performed by considering the general consensus among the citizens of the country in order to align their political interests with the interests of the governing body. Therefore, through the practices of a democratic government, the government is held accountable for its actions and is responsive to the general needs of the population.
Economic Outcomes of Democracy
Although the political regime of a democratic nation is superior to that of a dictatorship in terms of economic status under a democratic government, it is less effective than that of a dictatorship regime. Albeit more preferable to execute, the economic outcomes of democracy are oftentimes vastly unequal and exploitative.
Since it doesn’t function in accordance with the entire population of a democratic nation, the economy of a democratic state is generally more favorable to the financially affluent than to the impoverished. Therefore, the economic outcome is vastly unjust under democracy, as stated by Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 notes by Vedantu.
Did You Know?
A democratic government cannot function without the mutual cooperation of all the social classes in a country.
A democratic government is formed by the ruling party in a country and the government operates on the Rule by a majority which is often reflected among the general population of a country.
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FAQs on Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 Notes CBSE Political Science Chapter 7 (Free PDF Download)
1. What is the most Basic Outcome of Democracy in a Country in Terms of its Political and Economic Status?
The most basic outcome of democracy can be understood by analysing the country’s political and economic status under the practices of democracy. To put it briefly, a democratic government is more preferable since it ideally forms on the grounds of the power of the general population. Therefore, a democratic government will be held accountable for its actions and should consider its citizens’ needs and feedback. However, the economic status under a democratic regime is generally unjust and vastly unequal among its citizens. This is because the distribution of generated wealth under democracy is distributed unevenly among the country’s citizens.
2. How does a Democratic Government Differ from a Dictatorship in its Practices Towards the General Population?
A democratic regime follows the establishment of a governing body by considering the needs and requirements of the country’s citizens through the practices of election and voting. Whereas, a dictatorship regime follows the establishment of a country’s governing body through the ruling of one primary leader and then succeeded by the members of their own family. Therefore, a dictatorship regime doesn’t function in accordance with the interests of the general population of a country. So, as can be understood, a democratic government is relatively more considerate of its citizens by giving them the power to choose their leaders, unlike dictatorship.
3. What are the five outcomes of democracy in Chapter 7 of Class 10 Social Science?
According to the CBSE Chapter 7 of Class 10 Social Science, democratic governments are accountable and legitimate since they are democratically elected. Democracy gives people the right to select their rulers and have influence over them, while authoritarianism denies them this right. Whenever possible and necessary, citizens should be permitted to participate in the decision-making process in a democracy. We get a government that has transparency, accountability and whose powers are kept in check by the legislation and courts along with the citizens of the democratic nation.
4. Why is democracy important according to Chapter 7 of Class 10 Social Science?
In addition to promoting equality among individuals, democracy also elevates the dignity of the person and improves the quality of decision-making. The most fundamental consequence of democracy is also the creation of a government that is responsible to the people and responsive to their needs and aspirations. For more, you can visit Vedantu for CBSE Chapter 7 of Class 10 Social Science notes that are available to download absolutely free of cost.
5. What do you mean by autocracy as discussed in Chapter 7 of Class 10 Social Science?
An autocratic government is one that is characterized by supreme authority wherein a single individual wields total authority. A monarchy and a dictatorship are the two primary forms of autocracies. In a monarchial form of governance, the country is ruled by a king or queen. A monarch is the king or queen of a country. There are only a few such countries left in the world; most countries follow other types of governance. Democracy is one of the most prominent types of governance across the globe right now.
6. What do you mean by federalism mentioned in Chapter 7 of Class 10 Social Science?
According to the CBSE Chapter 7 of Class 10 Social Science, in federalism, states and provinces share authority with the federal government. Why each state has its own constitution and rights, such as being allowed to pick what sort of votes it uses, even in national elections, may be explained by federalism. Most democracies across the world employ this strategy. While some countries give the central government more authority, others give the states or provinces more power. Different countries have different sets of rules.
7. What is the meaning of the Constitution of India according to Chapter 7 of Class 10 Social Science?
The Indian Constitution is the country's ultimate law. The constitution establishes a framework that defines the fundamental political code, structure, processes, powers, and responsibilities of government institutions, as well as people’s fundamental rights, directive principles, and responsibilities. A country's constitution lays the groundwork for its governance, which is crucial to ensuring that everyone's interests and requirements are met. Apart from determining how laws are produced, it also explains how the government operates. Hence, it is the backbone of any democratic nation.