CBSE Class 10 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 1 Notes - Power Sharing

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Power Sharing Class 10 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 1 - PDF Download

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Class 10 Social Science Political Science Chapter 1 is about power-sharing. Most of the democracies have a system of sharing power among its organs. Judiciary, legislature and executive have got their defined powers which they exercise in their own jurisdiction. CBSE Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 notes will give you an insight as to how the system of power-sharing works. CBSE Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 notes will help us understand how each organ is accountable to each other while they are still functioning in a different jurisdiction. The NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 is already available in PDF form for students to refer for this chapter.

CBSE Class 10 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 1 Notes - Power Sharing part-1
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FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Describe How Power-Sharing is Good for Democracy.

Ans: Power sharing is good for democracy in various ways. It distributes responsibilities between various organs and levels of government as well as even political groups in the society. Power-sharing gives powers to a lot of sections in the society which otherwise might have been overlooked in case the country had another type of government than democracy. Power-sharing also ensures that various dominant groups in the society do not gain so much power that they start dominating the society's reality.


In a democracy, it is the rule of the people which is further empowered by power-sharing. Various political groups such as pressure groups, public interest groups as well as political parties which are composed of common people or active citizens exercise significant influence in the political arena. They are heard by not only the civilians of the country but also by the government and influence various laws and policies.

2. Describe the Result of Communal Tensions in the Case of both Sri Lanka and Belgium.

Ans: The communal tensions and Sri Lanka were caused by various laws and policies which were discriminating the Tamils against Sinhalese people. The laws favoured the Sinhalese in various ways and led to a situation where the Tamils felt ignored by the government. Moreover the various protests by Tamil groups were not addressed properly by the government and led to further issues. The government did not concede to the demands of the Tamils. This action by the government resulted in various political groups protesting on the streets and ultimately caused Civil war in Sri Lanka.


In the Belgium situation, the Belgian people solved their communal issues by both the communities coming halfway and sharing power. Both the communities agreed on having an equal number of ministers in the central government. Selected laws were required to have a majority from both the communities to pass in the parliament. Moreover, the State Government and the Central Government were kept separate. To solve communal issues they agreed on a separate communal government which acted as a third Government and separate for each community. Apart from this the capital of Belgium i.e Brussels had a separate government where both the communities were represented equally.


For more questions on this chapter refer to CBSE Solutions for Class 10 SST Civics Chapter 1 on our platform. The NCERT solutions can be found on NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 on our website or app which will guide you through your board exams.