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Class 10 Maths Notes 2024-25

Last updated date: 24th May 2024
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Free PDF Download for Class 10th Maths Notes

One of the most crucial subjects in Class 10 is mathematics. It is vital for students of Class 10 to prepare well for their maths exam since it is a compulsory subject. They must understand and practice all the topics and concepts covered in the Class 10 Maths syllabus thoroughly to score good marks in the exam and to lay a strong foundation in the subject. The Class 10 maths notes on Vedantu are prepared by our highly experienced teachers. These notes comprise all the formulas, theorems, and graphs, that students need to practice for their Class 10 Maths exams. Vedantu is a platform that provides free NCERT Solutions and also you can also download NCERT Solution for Class 10 Science and NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths to help you to revise the complete Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

Detailed Overview of Class 10 Maths Notes





Number of Chapters:


Content Type:

Text, Videos, Images and PDF Format

Academic Year:




Available Materials:

  • Chapter Wise

  • Exercise Wise

Other Materials

  • Important Questions

  • NCERT Solutions

Download CBSE Maths Notes for clas 10 2024-25 PDF

Also, check CBSE Class 10th Maths notes for All chapters:

The following table has the chapter that was Deleted out of the NCERT Class 10 Maths textbook for the 2024-25 academic year.

Deleted Chapter from NCERT Class 10 Maths Textbook 2024-25

Chapter 11 Constructions Notes

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Maths Notes for Class 10 - Free Download

10th class maths notes are available in PDF format on Vedantu and can be downloaded for free by all students. Maths notes for Class 10 PDF are prepared and compiled by expert teachers after thorough research on the topics and problem-solving techniques. These 10th standard maths notes also contain important questions from the Class 10 Maths last ten years' question papers and Class 10 Maths sample papers.

These Class 10 maths revision notes are based on the latest syllabus issued by the CBSE board. Students should practice the sums given in the NCERT books as well, and refer to the NCERT solutions of Class 10 Maths available on Vedantu to gain a basic conceptual understanding of the topics. By going through the maths notes for Class 10 they will be able to brush up on all the important topics from each of the chapters in the syllabus. Here is a quick glance at these topics.

CBSE Class 10 Maths Weightage 2024-25


Unit Name



Number Systems






Coordinate Geometry












Statistics & Probability




Chapter-wise Class 10 Maths Notes Breakdowm

Chapter 1 - Real Numbers

Chapter 1 Class 10 mathematics covers all the fundamental concepts of real numbers with some integral equations. Real numbers refer to both rational and irrational numbers. Chapter 1 maths notes for Class 10 PDF majorly covers the following topics.

  • Rational and irrational numbers.

  • Euclid's Division Lemma and Algorithm (Very crucial from exam point of view and must be learned thoroughly).

  • Expansion of rational numbers.

  • Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic.

  • Method of Finding LCM and HCF.

Chapter 2 - Polynomials

All the important concepts related to polynomials like expressions, degrees, types and graphical representations are explained in Class 10 maths notes. The chapter 2 of maths notes for Class 10 PDF comprises the following topics.

  • Algebraic Expressions.

  • Types of Polynomial.

  • Representation of Equations on Graph.

  • Zeros of a Polynomial.

  • Factorisation of Polynomials.

Chapter 3 - Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

Chapter 3 Class 10 mathematics is very important for board exams as many questions come from this chapter in the mathematics exam every year. Class 10th maths notes cover all the essential concepts and formulas of Chapter 3 in detail. Here are some of the major topics which you need to focus on from Chapter 3 maths notes for Class 10 PDF.

  • Linear Equation.

  • Geometrical Representation of Linear Equation.

  • Substitution method.

  • Elimination method.

  • Cross Multiplication method.

Chapter 4 - Quadratic Equations

Another crucial chapter that demands students' attention and helps them to score well in the board exam is Quadratic Equation. Class 10 Mathematics Chapter 4 notes cover the definition of Quadratic Equations and the following topics in detail.

The standard form of Quadratic Equation: ax2 + bx + c = 0,

where a,b and c are real numbers and a ≠ 0. ‘a’ is the quadratic coefficient of x2.

  • Roots of a quadratic equation.

  • Nature of Roots.

  • Factorisation.

  • Square method.

Chapter 5 - Arithmetic Progression

This is an easy yet important topic for Class 10 maths board exams. A series in which the difference between two consecutive terms is constant is known as Arithmetic Progression. For example, 4, 8, 12, 16.. is an arithmetic progression. Chapter 5 maths notes for Class 10 PDF cover the below topics from this chapter in detail.

  • Basics of Arithmetic Progression.

  • Finite AP.

  • Sum of an AP.

Chapter 6 - Triangles

Class 10 triangles chapter consists of many terms and equations that need to be understood thoroughly to solve the sums of triangles. With the help of Class 10th Maths notes, students can understand the following topics in detail.

  • What is a triangle?

  • Types of Triangles - Scalene Triangle, Isosceles Triangle, Equilateral Triangle, Acute Angled Triangle, Right Angled Triangle, Obtuse Angled Triangle.

  • Pythagoras Theorem.

  • Problems Related to Triangles.

Chapter 7 - Coordinate Geometry

Some crucial topics that students should practice more from this chapter and learn the formulas for are as follows.

  • Distance formula.

  • Section formula.

  • Midpoint formula.

Chapter 8 - Introduction to Trigonometry

All those students who want to achieve excellent marks in the Class 10 mathematics board exam, must give special attention to chapter 8 and chapter 9 of Class 10 mathematics as these chapters form the basis of Trigonometry which will help you to understand the basic concepts (and further assist you in higher studies). Class 10 maths notes will give you a good idea of the following topics.

  • Trigonometric ratios.

  • Trigonometric identities.

  • Reciprocal ratios.

Chapter 9 - Some Applications of Trigonometry

  • Line of Sight.

  • Angle of Elevation.

  • Angle of Depression.

  • Calculating Heights and Distances.

Chapter 10 - Circles

Chapter 10 of Class 10 mathematics is a bit complex, but with the help of 10th standard maths notes, you can understand the following crucial topics of this chapter easily.

  • Circle and Line in a Plane.

  • Tangent to a circle.

  • Secant to a circle.

  • Theorems.

Chapter 11 - Constructions

  • Construction of similar triangles.

Chapter 12 - Area Related to Circles

  • Area of a quadrant.

  • Area of a sector.

  • Area and circumference of a circle.

Chapter 13 - Surface Areas and Volumes

It is another crucial chapter for Class 10 mathematics exam. Maths notes for class 10 PDF cover the following concepts in-depth from this chapter to help you score better marks in the exam.

  • Formulae of Surface Areas for Different Shapes - Cuboid, Cube, Sphere, Cone, etc.

  • Formulae of Volume for Different Shapes - Cuboid, Cube, Sphere, Hemisphere, Cylinder, Right Circular Cone, etc.

Chapter 14 - Statistics

  • Mean, median and mode.

  • Graphs.

Chapter 15 - Probability

This is one of the most interesting chapters of Class 10 mathematics that helps students to relate maths concepts with real-life problems.

  • Compound event.

  • Impossible event.

  • Sure event.

Vedantu provides an edge by helping students prepare for various competitive exams like the IIT-JEE, National Olympiads, and even their Class 9 to Class 12 exams. We provide exam prep for ICSE, CBSE, IGCSE, and other syllabus.

Overview of Class 10th Maths Notes

CBSE Class 10 Mathematics consists of 15 chapters in total that are divided into 7 different units. Students will be able to gather details about concepts of Number Systems, Algebra, Coordinate Geometry, Trigonometry, Mensuration, Statistics & Probability from the units. The chapters discuss different mathematical concepts, theorems, formulas, functions, and much more. Students will have to get a good foundation of the subject and to do that, it is important to practise from the CBSE 10th Maths Notes. Students will be able to gain insightful information about the chapters from the revision notes and hence can rely on the accuracy and authenticity of these study materials.


With the help of the revision notes, students will easily be able to tackle different questions from the exercises in the textbook. Along with that, they will also learn the shortcuts and tricks to solve important questions from the exam point of view. The 10th standard Maths Notes PDF has been formulated by the subject matter experts at Vedantu. These notes will provide the right guidance that students need to complete their syllabus and score better marks in the examination. By referencing the Class 10 maths notes, students will get a strong grasp of the chapters and the concepts explained in them.

Benefits of Class 10 Maths Notes PDF Download

The 10th class maths notes have been formulated by Vedantu’s faculty members for the betterment of the students. The following are some of the main benefits that students can experience after downloading and following the notes.

  • The details of each chapter have been explained in a crisp and concise manner by the experts. So, students will be able to understand the chapters in their Maths syllabus thoroughly. The experts have explained the examples, theorems, formulas, and more in detail for the understanding of students.

  • Following the quick class 10 maths notes, students will be able to develop their own answering skills. Since there is a step-by-step method to solving questions in Class 10 Maths, students can learn the approach by referencing the revision notes easily.

  • With the help of the Class 10 maths notes, students will be able to complete the chapters much more quickly as they don’t have to go through the entire textbook. Following the solutions and solving the questions in the textbook is enough for preparation during exams. This makes the process of revision easier for the students.

  • The notes have been provided in a chapter-wise format for easy access to students. So, for those who want Class 10 Maths Chapter 1 Notes, there are links provided for proper access.

  • Students can also use the revision notes to clear their doubts about any particular chapter in the Class 10 Maths syllabus. This will help them in minimising their own mistakes while solving problems and thus prepare them for the exams.

Download Class 10 Maths Notes Right Now for Better Preparation

Get your hands on the 10th maths notes PDF in english medium language, if you want to get a clear understanding of all the chapters in the syllabus. Complete your preparation for the exams early on with the help of these reliable notes from experts.

Features of Class 10 Mathematics Notes

  • Available in PDF format.

  • Easy to understand notes.

  • List of all formulas.

  • Important questions.

  • Notes formed as per the syllabus.

  • Notes prepared by subject-matter experts.

CBSE Class 10 Maths Study Materials

Other CBSE Class 10 Revision Notes Related Links


The availability of Maths Notes for Class 10 (2024-25) is a valuable asset for students. These notes provide a concise and structured overview of the entire Class 10 mathematics curriculum, offering a focused approach to revision and exam preparation. They condense complex mathematical concepts into easily digestible summaries, making it easier for students to review and reinforce their understanding of key topics. These 10th maths notes are a time-efficient resource that empowers students to streamline their study efforts, ensuring that they are well-prepared for their exams. Ultimately, Class 10 maths notes serve as an essential tool in helping students achieve success in their Class 10 mathematics examinations and build a strong foundation in mathematics.

FAQs on Class 10 Maths Notes 2024-25

1. How Many Chapters are Covered Under the Class 10th CBSE Maths Syllabus?

There are a total of 15 chapters in CBSE Class 10 maths syllabus. Every chapter is essential, and so you have to go through all the crucial concepts properly. You can quickly revise these essential concepts, formulas and theories with the help of Class 10 mathematics notes, available in PDF format on Vedantu.

2. Can I Download CBSE Class 10th Maths Revision Notes for Free?

Yes, you can download CBSE Class 10 Maths revision notes PDF for free from Vedantu's app or official website. These notes are prepared by expert faculty to help you understand the topics easily and score better marks in the exam.

3. Which books are considered the best study material for Class 10 Maths?

When the Class 10 Board Examination comes closer, students often get confused in selecting the best study material for their preparation. The best study material for Class 10 Maths is the NCERT book as most of the questions asked in the exams are picked from this book. They should study from these books to score well in their examination. They can also use other guidebooks for a better understanding of the concepts. These reference books will provide many questions for your practice. 

4. What should I do to get full marks in Maths Class 10?

The Following tips will be helpful to score full marks in Maths Class 10:

  • Knowing your syllabus will help you in completing your course on time.

  • Prepare a schedule so that you can focus on all the subjects and give enough time to understand the chapters of Maths.

  • Study from the NCERT book as this book will assist you in understanding all the topics.

  • Try to solve previous years question papers so that you can get an idea about the types of questions asked in the exam.

5. What is the total number of exercises present in Class 10 Maths?

The number of exercises in each chapter is given below:

  • Chapter 1 – 4 exercises

  • Chapter 2 – 4 exercises

  • Chapter 3 – 7 exercises

  • Chapter 4 – 4 exercises

  • Chapter 5 – 4 exercises

  • Chapter 6 – 6 exercises

  • Chapter 7 – 4 exercises

  • Chapter 8 – 4 exercises

  • Chapter 9 – 1 exercise

  • Chapter 10 – 2 exercises

  • Chapter 11 – 2 exercises

  • Chapter 12 – 3 exercises

  • Chapter 13 – 5 exercises

  • Chapter 14 – 4 exercises

  • Chapter 15 – 2 exercises

By visiting the page Notes for Class 10 Maths, you can get all the revision notes free of cost for each chapter of Class 10 Maths.

6. Which is the hardest chapter in Class 10 Maths?

For a student of Class 10, it is important to score good marks in all subjects to get a good percentage in the Class 10 Board Examination. For them, Maths is a difficult subject. They face problems while preparing for the Maths examination. They should prepare the toughest chapters first so that they do not face any issues afterwards. These topics are as follows:

  • Real Numbers

  • Set of Linear Equations having Two Variables

  • Trigonometry

Students should prepare these topics to score well in the Maths examination. All the study material can be accessed from the Vedantu app.

7. What are the unit-wise marks distribution and the latest exam pattern for Maths Class 10?

The unit-wise marks distribution for Maths Class 10 is here:

  • Unit 1. Number System – 6 marks

  • Unit2. Algebra – 21 marks

  • Unit 3. Coordinate Geometry – 7 marks

  • Unit 4. Geometry – 15 marks

  • Unit 5. Trigonometry – 13 marks

  • Unit 6. Mensuration – 9 marks

  • Unit 7. Statistics and Probability – 10 marks

The latest exam pattern for Maths is:

  • Portion A – 20 questions (1 mark each)

  • Portion B – 6 questions (2 marks each)

  • Portion C – 8 questions (3 marks each)

  • Portion D – 6 questions (4 marks each) 

8. What type of questions are asked in class 10 maths?

The type of questions are asked in class 10 maths are:

  • Questions cover a range of difficulty levels, from basic recall to application and problem-solving.

  • Expect questions testing understanding of key concepts, formulas, and theorems.

  • You'll likely encounter questions requiring calculations, proofs, constructions, and interpretations of graphs and diagrams.

  • Word problems are common, assessing your ability to translate real-world scenarios into mathematical terms.

9. What is the most important chapter in class 10th maths?

Chapters like Polynomials, Coordinate Geometry, Quadratic Equations, Trigonometry, and Mensuration often carry significant weightage in exams and form the foundation for higher-level math.

10. What is the toughest chapter in maths 10?

Chapters like Trigonometry, Probability, and Coordinate Geometry might be considered challenging due to the introduction of new concepts and their applications.

11. What are the important concepts of class 10 maths?

The important concepts of class 10 maths are:

  • Understanding of number systems: Real numbers, operations, prime factorization, HCF, LCM, etc.

  • Algebraic expressions, polynomials, and equations: Simplifying expressions, operations with polynomials, solving linear and quadratic equations.

  • Coordinate geometry: Distance formula, midpoint formula, equation of a line, intersection of lines, etc.

  • Trigonometry: Basic concepts of sine, cosine, tangent, their applications in right triangles, and simple trigonometric identities.

  • Mensuration: Calculating areas, volumes, and surface areas of various shapes like circles, cylinders, cones, spheres, etc.

  • Statistics and probability: Collecting, representing, and analyzing data, basic probability concepts like permutations and combinations.

12. What are the two types of maths in class 10?

While there's no official categorization, class 10 maths can be broadly divided into:

  • Algebra and Number Theory: Focusing on concepts related to numbers, equations, expressions, and their manipulations.

  • Geometry and Mensuration: Dealing with shapes, their properties, relationships, and calculations of their areas, volumes, etc.