History is one of the most quintessential subjects as far as the CBSE Class 10 syllabus is concerned. It is the most important branch of Social Science. From the Class 10 notes PDFs, you will get to know European history along with the rise of nationalism in India in the content. French revolution and the rise of imperialism are also contents of the syllabus. Vedantu provides the Class 10 History Chapter 1 notes PDFs exclusively prepared by the experienced teachers. Students can download the notes PDF as well as other chapters for their convenience.
Class 10 History Chapter 1 Notes PDF Download - A Brief Overview
Class 10 History Chapter 1 Notes PDF can be of great help to you. This is all about the Rise of Nationalism in Europe. The CBSE Class 10 History notes related to the Rise of Nationalism in Europe mainly deals with the facts architected by Sorrieu. The chapter also deals with the various procedures by which nation-states and nationalism entered in nineteenth-century Europe. Notes of History Class 10 Chapter 1 covers the topics of the Rise of Nationalism in Europe, French Revolution, Nationalism and Imperialism. The chapter also focuses on the Making of Nationalism in Europe and The Age of Revolutions (1830-1848). One of the most significant topics covered in this section is The Making of Germany and Italy.
Class 10 History Chapter 2: Nationalism in India
Indian nationalism started from the time of Indian independence movement and thus is connected to anti-colonial movement. During this era, Gandhi came up with the idea of Satyagraha since January 1915. Movements happened in Gujarat, Bihar etc. In 1919 the Satyagraha was launched against Rowlatt Act. The notorious Amritsar massacre took place also. Following the violent wars, Gandhi called off the movement. Later he concentrated on the Khilafat issue and in 1920, Non-Cooperation Movement was adopted. But by February 1922, this was also called off. Forming of Swaraj Party by C R Das and Motilal Nehru, the Salt March and the Civil Disobedience Movement are a few significant incidences of this period.
Ch 3 History Class 10 Notes- A Deeper Insight
History Chapter 3 Class 10 notes mainly deal with The Making of a Global World. This is a very important chapter in the context of CBSE Class 10 exam as this particular chapter carries high marks. You can access the Class 10 History Chapter 3 notes PDF easily. You are suggested to take printouts of the files for future reference. According to the History Class 10 Chapter 3 Notes, the integration of markets in the international economy is termed as the Globalization.
Globalization shows the way to the escalating interconnectedness of national economies. History Class 10 notes Chapter 3 also focuses on the effect of globalization in the world economy along with the Indian economy in light of the Industrial Revolution. The first part of the Class 10 History Chapter 3 notes provides a basic idea about the Pre-Modern World. After that, the economic, political, social, cultural and technological effects in the nineteenth century (1815-1914) are precisely described in the next part of the History Chapter 3 Class 10 notes.
In the next segments of the History Class 10 Notes Chapter 3, one of the most significant topics is described namely Rinderpest or the Cattle Plague. The Inter-war Economy is discussed subsequently. In the last part of Ch 3 History Class 10 notes, the Rebuilding a World Economy: The Post-war Era is vividly described. Class 10 History Chapter 3 notes PDF is the best example of a precise form of a gigantic chapter.
The Great Depression
1929 is considered to be the period of the Great Depression. It lasted till 1930. It affected the maximum portions of the world reducing the production, employment, incomes and trade. Agricultural sectors and the communities were mostly affected by the Great Depression. It had made a severe impact on India. The most affected part due to the Great Depression was the trading sector of India. Agricultural prices diminished stiffly. However, there was no curtailment of the revenue demands of the Colonial Govt. Despite those difficult days, India came out as an exporter of precious metals, especially gold.
Class 10 History Chapter 4: The Age of Industrialisation
The time when industries did not exist even in England or Europe is known as proto-industrialisation. The earliest factories came up in England in 1730. The first mills were of metals and cotton. By 1840 iron and steel industries also came up. Before that in 1781, James Watt modified and improved steam engine. Shortage of labour was never an issue in these early ages of industrialisation. But the abundance of workers created a shortage of job scopes leading to unemployment. The early nineteenth century saw the use of Spinning Jenny in the woollen industry. Technology improved as railway lines extended, tunnels were dug, rivers embarked, roads widened etc. Indian silk and cotton goods ruled the international textile market. But by the onset of nineteenth-century textile exports were declining. In 1854 the first cotton mill in Bombay and in 1855, the first jute mill was established.
Class 10 History Chapter 5: Print Culture and the Modern World
Print technology was invented and implemented firs in China, Japan and Korea. Printed materials were largely produced in China and with the increase in reading habit among people, print culture adopted new technologies. The Buddhist Diamond Sutra, printed in AD 868, is the oldest Japanese book. The concept of printing came to Europe with Marco Polo and in the 1430s, Gutenberg established the first printing press. The print revolution had a great impact on the reading habit of the people; as a result, the cost of books reduced. Simultaneously, religious debates started coming up and a fear of print was also induced. Since 1558, the Index of Prohibited Books, as prepared by the Roman Church, came into use. It is the print culture that formed the base for the French Revolution. In the mid-16th century, print technology reached India.
Did You Know?
The vision of Frederic Sorrieu was precisely described in a picturesque way in four points. According to the first print, the people of Europe and America are going somewhere in a long train and homage is offered by them to the Statue of Liberty. One female figure carried the torch of Enlightenment in one hand and in the other hand, she carried the Charter of the Rights of Man.
The utopian vision of Sorrieu shows that the people of the world are clustered as different nations, recognized by their respective flags and national costume.
The Civil Disobedience movement was led by Mahatma Gandhi at the time of the Great Depression.
The Industrial Revolution had a very close link with the Rise in Nationalism all over the world.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Q1. What is the significance of Liberal Nationalism in Class 10 History Chapter 1 Notes PDF?
“Liberal” originates from the Latin word “Liber” which means “free”. A man who owns a property had the right to vote according to the law. As per the law, those individuals who did not possess or had any access to any property and all women were not permitted to exercise any political right. A custom of union named Zollverein was set up at the inventiveness of Prussia in 1834. Maximum German states had joined this. The tariff barriers were abolished and the number of currencies was reduced over thirty to two by the union.
Q2. What was the role of technology in the shaping of a global world?
Class 10 History Chapter 3 notes will tell you that technology played a very crucial role in the making of the Global World. Some of the significant inventions made throughout this period were Railways, Steamships and the Telegraph etc. Those inventions transformed the world and heralded the onset of the nineteenth century. At the same time society, politics and economy were driven by technology. New investments and development were made by colonisation. Food was transferred in a faster way using quicker railways, lighter wagons and huge ships. It was a practice to ship the animals from America to Europe till the 1870s.
Q3. What is Class 10 History all about?
The CBSE Class 10 Social Science History helps students learn about the history of India and the contemporary world. It covers the rise of nationalism in Europe (the French Revolution, the revolution of the liberals, the unification of Italy, the making of Germany, etc), the rise of nationalism in India including important events like the Satyagraha, Civil Disobedience etc., the age of industrialization, the evolution of the modern world - how the world became a global economy and its printing culture.
Q4. What chapters are important for Class 10 Social Science History?
All the five chapters (Nationalism in Europe, Nationalism in India, The Making of a Global World, The Age of Industrialization, and Print Culture & The Modern World) are equally important for the Class 10 Social Science examination. You should treat all the chapters equally to be able to score high marks. To maximize your chances of scoring maximum marks, you must refer to CBSE Class 10 Social Science History Notes at Vedantu for the best revision - immensely comprehensive yet very precise.
Q5. How to complete History of Class 10?
History has five chapters and the total marks that the subject carries is twenty marks. You can get these full marks if you apply the right strategies to your Class 10 board preparations. Firstly, to complete your history syllabus properly, you should stick to the NCERT Class 10 History textbook and cover all the chapters thoroughly. After completing the chapter, you should revise. The best tool for your revision is Vedantu’s CBSE Class 10 Social Science History notes available free of cost.
Q6. What is the unification of Germany?
Germany was part of a confederation with smaller regions. There were small uprisings that sought to unite these regions into a nation-state. But a nationwide uprising to unify the German confederation was suppressed by the Monarchical forces. Prussia’s chief minister, Otto von Bismarck, decided to lead the Prussian military and bureaucracy to fight against the Monarchy. The Prussian army won against Austria, Denmark, and France and unified Germany with William I as the German emperor.
Q7. What do you understand by “Orient”?
The orient, in simple words, refers to Asia. It includes the countries that are east of the Mediterranean sea. This term came into practice by the western researchers who viewed the east as pre-modern, mysterious, and traditional. On the other hand, the west stood for modernity, innovation, and technology. If you want to get more answers like these, you can get access to Vedantu’s CBSE Class 10 Social Science History notes from the website and the app. These are the most comprehensive and easy to understand revision notes.