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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Chapter 5 - The Age Of Industrialisation

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Mastering Class 10 Social Science Chapter 5: The Age of Industrialisation - PDF Download, Tips to Success

In this study material of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science India and the Contemporary World - II Chapter 5 - The Age of Industrialisation, the students can get access to all the NCERT solutions of this chapter which will help them to form an idea of the questions that can be asked in the CBSE Class 10 exam. They will also be able to clear their doubts and be aware of the answers to all the text-book questions. Check this article to get an idea of the same.


NCERT Solutions for Class 10


Class 10 Social Science

Subject Part:

Social Science Part - India and the Contemporary World - II

Chapter Name:

Chapter 5 - The Age Of Industrialisation


Text, Videos, Images and PDF Format

Academic Year:



English and Hindi

Available Materials:

  • Chapter Wise

  • Exercise Wise

Other Materials

  • Important Questions

  • Revision Notes

NCERT Solutions of India and the Contemporary World - II Chapter 5 - The Age of Industrialisation PDF Download - How Will it Help a CBSE Class 10 Students? 

The NCERT solutions for Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 5 will help students in many ways. Check these pointers below to know how will it be beneficial:

  • The NCERT Solutions of India and the Contemporary World - II Chapter 5 - The Age of Industrialisation will help to acquire a better understanding of the subject. 

  • The NCERT textbooks are quite effective when you are revising for your exams.

  • Finding solutions to the questions asked in Chapter 5 can be a bit of an issue, but a student can easily find them in NCERT Solutions. 

  • With the Chapter 5 History Class 10 NCERT solutions, you would be in an advantageous position to score flying marks. 

  • The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 NCERT Solutions allows the students to get a grasp on topics like pro-industrialisation and the industrial revolution.

Register Online for Class 10 Science tuition on to score more marks in the CBSE board examination. Maths Students who are looking for better solutions can download Maths NCERT Solutions Class 10 to help you to revise the complete syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

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Access NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science History – Chapter 5 – The Age of Industrialisation

Write in Brief

1. Explain the following:

(a) Women workers in Britain attacked the Spinning Jenny.

(b) In the seventeenth-century merchants from towns in Europe began employing peasants and artisans within the villages.

(c) The port of Surat declined by the end of the eighteenth century.

(d) The East India Company appointed gomasthas to supervise weavers in India.


(a) The Spinning Jenny was opposed by British women workers because it sped up the spinning process and, as a result, reduced labour demand. Women in the woolen sector had a legitimate concern of losing their jobs as a result of this. They had been surviving on hand spinning up until now, but the new machine put that in jeopardy.

(b) The guild of trade and commerce was in charge of the market, raw materials, personnel, and the manufacturing of commodities in the towns. Merchants that wished to enhance production by hiring more men faced difficulties as a result of this. As a result, they resorted to country peasants and artisans for help.

(c) Surat's port fell by the end of the eighteenth century, owing to the increasing prominence of European firms in India's trade. They were granted several concessions by local courts, as well as exclusive trading privileges. As a result, the traditional ports of Surat and Hooghly, from which local merchants had operated, began to dwindle.

Exports stalled, and local banks went out of business.

(d) Gomasthas were recruited by the English East India Company to:

  • Abolish the existence of traders and brokers and create direct control over the weavers and

  • To prevent weavers from interacting with other customers through advances and control. Weavers who obtained loans and fees in advance were beholden to the British in this way.

2. Write True or False against each statement:

(a) At the end of the nineteenth century, 80 percent of the total workforce in Europe was employed in the technologically advanced industrial sector.

Ans: False

(b) The international market for fine textiles was dominated by India till the eighteenth century.

Ans: True

(c) The American Civil War resulted in the reduction of cotton exports from India.

Ans: False.

3. Explain what is meant by proto-industrialization.

Ans: The phase of industrialization prior to the factory system is known as proto-industrialization. There was large-scale industrial manufacturing for a worldwide market prior to the arrival of factories. Proto-industrialisation is the term for this period of industrial history.


1. Why did some industrialists in nineteenth-century Europe prefer hand labour over machines?

Ans: Hand labour was preferred by certain industrialists in nineteenth-century Europe over machinery because:

  • Machine-made clothing could not meet market expectations for a wide range of styles, colours, and types. Only human skills could create intricate designs and colours.

  • During the Victorian era, nobles and other upper-class individuals favoured solely handcrafted items.

  • Machines were expensive, ineffectual, difficult to repair, and required large capital investments.

  • At the time, labour was readily accessible at modest salaries.

  • Only seasonal labour was necessary for seasonal businesses.

2. How did the East India Company procure regular supplies of cotton and silk textiles from Indian weavers?

Ans: The English East India Company employed a variety of methods to obtain silk and cotton from weavers, including:

  • The appointment of paid supervisors is known as Gomasthas. They also gathered supplies and evaluated the weavers' cloth quality.

  • Through a system of advances and loans, Company weavers are prevented from dealing with other purchasers.

3. Imagine that you have been asked to write an article for an encyclopedia on Britain and the history of cotton. Write your piece using information from the entire chapter.

Ans:  Britain and the cotton history: 

Merchants traded with rural people in the textile industry during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. A clothier would purchase wool from a stapler, transport it to the spinners, and then deliver the yarn to the weavers, fullers, and dyers for further processing. For these items, London served as the final destination. Proto- industrialization is the term for this period in British manufacturing history. Factories were not a necessary part of the industry at this time. Instead, a network of commercial exchanges was present.

Cotton was the original industrial symbol. In the late nineteenth century, its output grew at a tremendous pace. Raw cotton imports increased dramatically, from 2.5 million pounds in 1760 to 22 million pounds in 1787. Because of the advent of the cotton mill and new machines, as well as better management under one roof, this happened. In the early stages of the industry, cotton was the most important sector until 1840.

The employees reacted with disdain and contempt to most inventions in the textile industry since machines meant less manual labour and fewer jobs. One such creation was the Spinning Jenny. Woolen industry women were opposed to it and attempted to destroy it since it was displacing them in the labour market.

Britain used to import a lot of silk and cotton from India before technical improvements.

In England, fine Indian textiles were quite popular. When the East India Company gained political control, they used coercion to fully exploit India's weavers and textile industry for Britain's benefit. Manchester thereafter became the centre of cotton production.

As a result, India became a significant customer of British cotton products.

British factories were too preoccupied with meeting the demands of the First World War to produce anything else. As a result, there was a surge in demand for Indian textiles.

Cotton's history in the United Kingdom is littered with demand and supply changes.

4. Why did industrial production in India increase during the First World War?

Ans: During the first world war, India's industrial output grew for the following reasons:

  • The rising demand for a wider range of products led to the establishment of new factories and the expansion of existing ones.

  • A large number of new employees were hired, and everyone was required to work greater hours.

  • It was an excellent opportunity for Indian businesses to fill in the gaps in the Indian market with their goods. This was accomplished. As a result, India's industrial production grew.

  • Britain's industry became preoccupied with making and supplying war supplies.

As a result, they ceased exporting British goods or clothing to colonial markets such as India.

  • Jute bags, fabric or army uniforms, tents and leather boots, horse and mule saddles, and other combat necessities were also requested by the British colonial authorities.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science India and the Contemporary World - II Chapter 5 - The Age of Industrialisation

By using these Class 10 History Chapter 5 NCERT solutions pdf, you can comprehend the trickier components of the chapters. What’s more, every solution has been drafted in a step-by-step manner so that you don’t face any difficulties. The solutions to CBSE Class 10 Social Science India and the contemporary world would boost your confidence levels greatly. Students must prepare NCERT textbook questions. The Age of industrialization Class 10 solutions provides you with all the right answers which make you comfortable with the subject.

Access the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science (Geography, Political Science/Civics and Economics) through the links given below. Download free PDFs and be well-prepared for your Class 10 examination

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science India and the Contemporary World - II Chapter 5 - The Age of Industrialisation - Benefits of the PDF

In the quest to get good marks, students often undermine the significance of preparing properly. So, what are the benefits that can be rendered from this study material?

  • NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History the Age of Industrialisation would assist with proper preparation during exams.
  • The Social Science Curriculum can be overwhelming for those who only rely on previous year's examination questions, thus one must also study the NCERT solutions in this chapter.

  • The questions included in the Class 10 History Chapter 5 of NCERT textbooks have a higher probability of being asked in examinations.

  • The NCERT solutions for Class 10 History Chapter the Age of Industrialisation help students understand various terminologies.

  • The solutions have been drafted by expert teachers who have years of experience teaching Class 10 students.

  • The key points on which the answer should be based are highlighted in the solutions.

  • Availing of the NCERT solutions for Class 10, the Age of Industrialisation would always render a competitive edge.

Chapter-wise NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science India and the Contemporary World II 

Students can refer to the chapter-wise NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science - India and the Contemporary World II  by visiting the links given below. All these solutions are available in free PDFs and are solved by our master teachers to help students with their preparation.

NCERT Solutions of Class 10 History Chapter Age of Industrialisation? - Salient features of the Notes 

History Chapter 5 Class 10 NCERT solutions are an integral component in your exam preparation process. Most often, students tend to write long answers by not discussing the key points which the evaluator prefers to see. This leads to unnecessary deduction of marks, which has a detrimental impact on the student's overall mark sheet. To guard against these errors, you should refer to the NCERT solutions for Class 10 Social Science History Age of Industrialization.

  • NCERT Solutions for History Ch 5 Class 10 inspire students to write answers by keeping in mind the key points.

  • Writing the key points which the evaluator wants to see increases the chance of scoring high.

  • The solutions comply with the latest CBSE guidelines, which is imperative for students to be successful.

  • Adhering to CBSE rules, students would score flying marks.

  • The solutions are framed by expert teachers with years of experience, who have drafted the answers in the appropriate format.

Why Choose NCERT Solutions of Class 10 History Chapter 5 From Vedantu?

  • The in-house subject matter experts are the brain behind these solutions. 

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  • Students are advised to utilize these notes to their advantage and take note of the important topic coverage of the chapter.

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FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Chapter 5 - The Age Of Industrialisation

1. How the Class 10 SST Ch 5 History Solutions help to Concepts?

The solutions to Ch 5 have been drafted in a simple-to-understand manner. That’s why they are simple for students to comprehend.

2. Are These Solutions Time-Saving?

Yes, these solutions are time-saving for students. With these solutions, you don’t have to search for answers from your NCERT textbook.

3. Can they be Downloaded Easily?

These NCERT solutions are easily accessible and downloadable, which makes learning intuitive and smart.

4. What does Chapter 5 of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History deal with?

The NCERT Solutions of Chapter 5 of Class 10 History deals with the period before the industrialization, the pace of change during the industrialization, the life of workers during the period, industrialization in the colonies, age of Indian textiles, coming up of the factories and so on. This was a major development in the textile industry. The chapter has the details of the development and also the suffering of some labourers. It is an interesting chapter as it gives us a piece of the history of our country. 

5. How can I make use of the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History Chapter 5 for board exam preparation?

NCERT Solutions are the best guide for board preparation. The chapter-wise solutions given will help you to be thorough in answering the questions in the right format. All the topics in the chapter are explained in such a manner that the student will not have any difficulty in understanding the same. Students can also make their notes from the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science available to download free of cost at Vedantu’s official website which will be very helpful during the board preparation. The sample question papers given will also help you to get an idea of the pattern of the question paper.

6. Explain the age of Indian Textiles.

Before the rise of the machine industries, silk and cotton from India were in great demand. The finer varieties of cotton came from India. The goods were taken from Punjab to Afghanistan by the Persian merchants. The fine textiles were carried on the camelback and were taken through the mountain passes and the desserts. Sea trade was operated in the Pre-colonial ports. Many Indian merchants and bankers were also involved in the export trade.

7. Define the terms Sepoy, Stapler, Fuller and Carding, Spinning Jenny?

The given terms are defined as follows.

  • The term Sepoy means Indian soldier pronounced by the British.

  • The term Stapler means a person who does the sorting of wool according to its fibre.

  • Fuller means a person who does the gathering of the cloth by pleating.

  • Carding is the process of the preparation of fibres like woodland cotton before spinning.

  • Spinning Jenny was devised by James Hargreaves which helped in the speeding process of spinning and the labour demand was reduced.