Minerals and Energy Resources Class 10 Notes Geography Chapter 5 - PDF Download
The earth’s crust is made up of several minerals which are embedded in the rocks. Metals are extracted from minerals after refining. In Chapter 5 Geography Class 10 Notes by Vedantu you will learn how human beings are dependant upon using minerals for their livelihood, festivities, decoration, daily use miscellaneous objects, religious and ceremonial rites, etc. Furthermore, you will get an idea about the classification of minerals, conservation methods, energy resources and their conservation. Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 Notes PDF which can be easily downloaded will give you an insight into the various aspects related to minerals and their study.
Topics Covered in the Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources of Class 10
Below given is the list of various topics discussed in the chapter ‘Minerals and Energy Resources’.
What is a mineral?
Mode of occurrence of minerals
Where are these minerals found?
Classification of minerals (Metallic, Non-metallic, Energy minerals)
Ferrous minerals (Iron Ore, Manganese)
Non-ferrous minerals (Copper, Bauxite)
Non-metallic minerals (Mica)
Rock minerals (Limestone)
Conservation of minerals
Conventional sources of energy (Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas, Electricity)
Non-conventional sources of energy (Nuclear or atomic energy, Solar energy, Wind power, Biogas, Tidal energy, Geo-thermal energy)
Highlights of the Chapter: Minerals and Energy Resources
FAQs on Minerals and Energy Resources Class 10 Notes CBSE Geography Chapter 5 [Free PDF Download]
1. Why are the Mineral and Energy Resources Notes Important?
The Class 10 Minerals and Energy Resources Notes are important because it gives you a detailed idea about the various minerals, their usage and characteristics, their importance in the national economy, their conservation, energy resources, their types and conservation. The chapter is important for your class 10 board examination and these notes will help you to ace the examination with flying colours.
2. What is a Mineral?
A mineral can be defined as “a homogenous naturally occurring substance with definite internal structure.” From the hardest diamonds to the softest talc - all come under the category of minerals. The major categories of minerals are ferrous and non-ferrous minerals. Some minerals from which a metal can be extracted is known as ore. Example - Iron ore is used in the manufacturing of steel, bauxite is the ore of aluminium, etc.
3. What are mineral and energy resources according to Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources of Class 10 Geography
Chapter 5 of Social Science comprises the Geography portion that deals with Minerals and Energy Resources. The notes for the same are easily available on Vedantu which tells about the various minerals that form the crust of the Earth and its core. Further it tells us how these minerals are actually made up of metals which can be extracted through various processes of refinement and purification. When you read these notes you will get an idea about the minerals and also the energy resources that generate from it.
4. What are the mineral types found?
If you study the core of the Earth then you will find that the crust is nothing but minerals. There are several different types of minerals that have accumulated over time forming layers one after another and created the core crust of the Earth. All the minerals are useful to mankind in some way or the other. These mineral types are as follows:
Metallic Minerals (ferrous minerals like iron ore, manganese and non- ferrous minerals like copper, bauxite,etc.)
Non-metallic Minerals (Mica)
5. Where can I find the NCERT solution for Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources of Class 10 Geography?
If you want the notes for Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources of Class 10 Geography, then you can visit the site of Vedantu. Vedantu’s platform is quite easy to use as you simply have to connect to your internet connection and visit their page. Once you have the page opened you can now search for the resource that you need for yourself. You will get an option to download the NCERT solutions PDF for free. Also, you can access the study materials on the Vedantu app.
6. Why is coal important?
Coal is always considered to be an important energy resource because of the benefits it has got to offer to mankind. As we know coal is a non- renewable source of energy that has been in use for a long long time and with time its stores are depleting. Owing to its benefits and its reducing availability we must put a check on the over use of such resources. It is a conventional form of energy resource that has been responsible for generating power, heat and steam and also acts as a domestic fuel mainly in India.