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NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Chapter 2 - Constitutional Design

Last updated date: 17th Apr 2024
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FREE PDF Download- NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Democratic Politics-I Chapter 2 - Constitutional Design

In Class 9 Social Science books, queries regarding the concept of democracy and its significance often perplex students, especially within Chapter 2 on democratic politics. The Democratic Politics Class 9 Chapter 2 PDF can be accessed on the CBSE website, while comprehensive solutions are offered on Vedantu. Seasoned Social Science educators have adeptly elucidated answers to all questions in the chapter, showcasing their expertise in the subject matter.


NCERT Solutions For Class 9


Class 9 Social Science Democratic Politics

Chapter Name:

Chapter 2 - Constitutional Design

Content Type:

Text, Videos, Images and PDF Format

Academic Year:



English and Hindi

Available Materials:

Chapter Wise

Other Materials

  • Important Questions

  • Revision Notes

The NCERT Solutions for Class 9 democratic politics Chapter 2 offer not only an engaging but also a detailed explanation, aiding students in comprehending the subject thoroughly. Enroll for Class 9 Science tuition on to enhance your exam performance., ranked as India's top Online Tutoring Company, offers free PDF downloads of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths, meticulously crafted by proficient teachers following NCERT (CBSE) guidelines.

Topics Covered in Chapter 2 of Class 9 Social Science Democratic Politics-I

Chapter 2, Constitutional Design, discusses the following important topics. These topics are updated according to the latest CBSE guidelines.

  • Introduction to constitutions

  • Constitution in South Africa

  • Formation of a new constitution

  • The need for a constitution in India

  • The making of the Indian constitution

  • Constituent assembly

  • Guiding values and philosophy of Indian constitution

  • Institutional design

Key Points at a Glance

These key highlights from the chapter are crucial for students to recall when reviewing the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Democratic Politics-I Chapter 2.

  • Apartheid was the racial discriminatory system that existed only in South Africa. This structure of racial segregation was imposed on South Africa by white Europeans.

  • On April 26, 1994, at midnight, the apartheid administration came to an end, laying the groundwork for the foundation of a multi-racial administration.

  • The Constitution fosters the kind of trust and cooperation that is required for diverse groups of people to coexist.

  • The Constitution lays forth how the government will be organised and who will have authority over particular choices.

  • The Constitution establishes limits on the government's authority and identifies citizens' rights.

  • Numerous structural elements and procedures within the Indian Constitution were drawn from colonial laws like the Government of India Act, 1935, the principles embraced during the French Revolution, the system of parliamentary democracy in the United Kingdom, and the Bill of Rights in the United States.

  • The Constituent Assembly, a body of elected delegates, was in charge of drafting the constitution.

  • The Assembly ratified the Constitution on November 26, 1949, with its commencement set for January 26, 1950.

  • India's Constitution outlines six fundamental rights which encompass equality, freedom, safeguards against exploitation, religious freedom, cultural and educational entitlements, and constitutional redress.

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Access NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science (Political Science) Chapter 2 – Constitutional Design

1. Here are some false statements. Identify the mistake in each case and rewrite these correctly based on what you have read in this chapter.

a) Leaders of the freedom movement had an open mind about whether the country should be democratic or not after independence.

Ans: Leaders of the freedom movement had a legal agreement that the country should be a democratic nation after independence.

b) Members of the Constituent Assembly of India held the same views on all provisions of the Constitution.

Ans: Members of the Constituent Assembly of India held the same views on the basic principles of the constitution.

c) A country that has a constitution must be a democracy.

Ans: A country that is a democracy must have a constitution.

d) The Constitution cannot be amended because it is the supreme law of a country.

Ans: The Constitution can be amended as per the requirements of the society.

2. Which of these was the most salient underlying conflict in the making of a democratic constitution in South Africa?

(a) Between South Africa and its neighbours

(b) Between men and women

(c) Between the white majority and the black minority

(d) Between the coloured minority and the black majority

Ans: (d) Between the coloured minority and the black majority

3. Which of these is a provision that a democratic constitution does not have?

(a) Powers of the head of the state

(b) Name of the head of the state

(c) Powers of the legislature

(d) Name of the country

Ans: (b) Name of the head of the state

4. Match the following leaders with their roles in the making of the Constitution

(a) Motilal Nehru

i) President of the Constituent Assembly

(b) B.R. Ambedkar

ii) Member of the Constituent Assembly

(c) Rajendra Prasad

iii) Chairman of the Drafting Committee

(d) Sarojini Naidu

iv) Prepared a Constitution for India in 1928



Motilal Nehru


Prepared a Constitution for India in 1928


B.R Ambedkar


Member of the Constituent Assembly


Rajendra Prasad


President of the Constituent Assembly


Sarojini Naidu


Chairman of the Drafting Committee

5. Read again the extracts from Nehru’s speech ‘Tryst with Destiny’ and answer the following:

a) Why did Nehru use the expression “not wholly or in full measure” in the first sentence?

Ans: Nehru used the expression “not wholly or in full measure” since building a nation is a huge task according to him, which is difficult to  fulfil in one’s lifetime.

b) What pledge did he want the makers of the Indian Constitution to take?

Ans: The pledge that he wanted the makers of the Indian Constitution to take, was to serve India, the Indian people and humanity, by giving their lives.

c) “The ambition of the greatest man of our generation has been to wipe every tear from every eye”. Who was he referring to?

Ans: He was referring to Mahatma Gandhi.

6. Here are some of the guiding values of the Constitution and their meaning. Rewrite them by matching them correctly.

(a) Sovereign

i) Government will not favour any religion

(b) Republic

ii) People have the supreme right to make decisions.

(c) Fraternity

iii) Head of the state is an elected person.

(d) Secular

iv) People should live like brothers and sisters.





People have the supreme right to make decisions




Head of the state is an elected person




People should live like brothers and sisters




Government will not favour any religion.

7. A friend from Nepal has written you a letter describing the political situation there. Many political parties are opposing the rule of the king. Some of them say that the existing constitution given by the monarch can be amended to allow more powers to elected representatives. Others are demanding a new Constituent Assembly to write a republican constitution. Reply to your friend giving your opinions on the subject.

Ans: In my opinion, making small amendments does not shift whole power in the hands of representatives. This does not give total responsibility to the elected representatives what will happen in the next upcoming years. Hence, a new and well drafted constitution is the correct choice.

8. Here are different opinions about what made India a democracy. How much importance would you give to each of these factors?

a) Democracy in India is a gift of the British rulers. We received training to work with representative legislative institutions under the British rule.

Ans: Democracy in India is not a gift of the British rulers. People of India had to struggle and sacrifice their life to get freedom. Yes, experience working under the legislative constituency helped a lot while setting up of democratic institution.

b) Freedom Struggle challenged the colonial exploitation and denial of different freedoms to Indians. Free India could not be anything but democratic.

Ans: Freedom struggle was important in spreading the idea of nationalism throughout the country, and inculcating the practice of making decisions by legal agreement.

c) We were lucky to have leaders who had democratic convictions. The denial of democracy in several other newly independent countries shows the important role of these leaders.

Ans: India’s freedom struggle is the only example of a bloodless freedom struggle in contemporary history. The leaders had the intention to give freedoms to the citizens of the country. Our leaders had the maturity to listen to the views of others.

9. Read the following extract from a conduct book for ‘married women’, published in 1912. ‘God has made the female species delicate and fragile‘ both physically and emotionally, pitiably incapable of self-defence. They are destined thus by God to remain in male protection – of father, husband and son – all their lives. Women should, therefore, not despair, but feel obliged that they can dedicate themselves to the service of men’.

Do you think the values expressed in this paragraph reflected the values underlying our constitution? Or does this go against the constitutional values?

Ans: The values expressed in this para are totally contradictory to the values underlying our constitution. Women here are treated as weak, but in our constitution men and women both are treated equally. The policies made by the government also favour women to bring them into the mainstream.

10. Read the following statements about a constitution. Give reasons why each of these is true or not true.

a) The authority of the rules of the constitution is the same as that of any other law.

Ans: Not True

The Constitution describes in detail how the government is elected, their powers, rights of citizens and their protection. This law is very much different from any other law.

b) The Constitution lays down how different organs of the government will be formed.

Ans: True

The Constitution clearly defines the role of the legislature, the executive and the judiciary and also it states how they should be formed and by whom.

c) Rights of citizens and limits on the power of the government are laid down in the constitution.

Ans: True

Constitutional setup limits the power of government through different institutions and also talks about the rights of citizens.

d) A constitution is about institutions, not about values

Ans: Not True

The Constitution contains values that the institutions have to promote. A very good example is the Preamble to the Constitution which states that justice, liberty, equality and fraternity need to be promoted. Secularism needs to be followed, and socialism and democracy have to be the basis of the government in the country.

Democratic Politics

Before going into the solutions of Class 9 Civics Chapter 2, what is democracy? Why democracy PDF let us look into what democratic politics means. Democratic politics refer to the free flow of information between citizen groups, candidates for public office, and other political parties. Democracy refers to a system of government where the people themselves have the authority to elect who governs them and legislates for them. There are two types of democracy: direct democracy, where the people are directly elected, and representative democracy, where the representatives are elected.

Constitutional Design

Every country’s constitutions are drafted by the country itself and incorporate a set of written laws that are collectively accepted by the citizens of that country. The primary purpose of the constitution is to generate trust and coordination among the citizens while also specifying how the government should be elected and function. The constitution grants certain rights to the citizens of the country and limits the power of the government.

Overall, the primary purpose of the constitution is to be the expression of the aspirations of people for creating a good society. In India, the constitution was framed by our Constituent Assembly, which was elected in July 1946. B.R.Ambedkar was the chairman of the drafting committee. The Indian constitution derives its inspiration from the French Revolution, the British Parliamentary system, and the Bill of Rights in the U.S.

Democratic Politics Class 9 Chapter 2 Solution

The chapter on democratic politics is very important in Social Science for every Class 9 student. The Social Science syllabus ensures that the students understand how the constitution was made and the thoughts that went behind the various parts of the constitution. The history of democracy is also emphasised, and the students come to know about the various sources of inspiration for those who made our constitution.

Why is Understanding The Chapter Very Important?

In Class 9 Civics, what is a democracy, why is a democracy, and such questions are widespread and need to be understood well? Questions come very often from this chapter in the exams, and the students need to be well prepared to answer all these questions. The Vedantu NCERT Class 9 democratic politics solutions would not only give students the answers they need for various questions but also help them in a better understanding of the topic with detailed explanations. The solutions that are provided are in adherence to the CBSE and NCERT guidelines and would help the students to score when these frequently asked questions appear in their exams.

Significance and Need of NCERT Solutions

To get the maximum marks, some chapters need to be focused on more than others. The solutions in Vedantu are made in such a way that it would help the students understand the number and types of questions that appear in each section, which would help in gaining more familiarity with the question types. The solutions are made in such a way that they aid understanding and the mock tests along with the booklets. The test should be taken regularly to better your understanding and skills that would enable you to score decent marks in your exams. The PDFs available on the website would help to understand the concepts of democratic politics, and the solutions are all in accordance with the CBSE guidelines. A full refund is provided if you appeal within an hour if you are not satisfied with the solutions.

Solved Examples:

1. Which of these conflicts was the most salient in the making of Africa’s democratic constitution?

  1. Between South Africa and neighbours.

  2. Between men and women.

  3. Between while majority and black minority.

  4. Between the black majority and coloured minority.

Answer: Between the black majority and coloured minority.

2. Which among these is not a provision of a democratic constitution?

  1. Power of the head of the state.

  2. Name of the head of the state.

  3. Name of the country.

  4. Powers of the legislature.

Answer: Name of the head of state.

Benefits of Studying Vedantu’s Class 9 Social Science NCERT Solutions for Democratic Politics-I Chapter 2 - Constitutional Design

  • The NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Democratic Politics-1 Chapter 2 - Constitutional Design, by Vedantu, are aligned with the CBSE guidelines and are tailored to suit the CBSE Class 9 Social Science syllabus standards. 

  • Students will get a comprehensive idea of the concepts in the chapter while practising and solving the NCERT questions and solutions. 

  • The answers are in a simple language that will help students easily understand the solutions and weave their own personal answers out of them at the time of the exam. They will not have to bother making the answers up from scratch during the test since that will take up a lot of time unnecessarily. 

  • These solutions will also help students revise the important topics in the chapter before their exams.   

NCERT Class 9 Social Science Books Available for:

NCERT Class 9 Social Science Contemporary India Chapter-wise Solutions

NCERT Class 9 Social Science Democratic Politics-I Chapter Wise Solutions

NCERT Class 9 Social Science Economics Chapter-wise Solutions

NCERT Class 9 Social Science India and the Contemporary World - I Chapter-wise Solutions

Summary of Chapter 2 - Constitutional Design

CBSE Class 9 Social Science Democratic Politics-1 Chapter 2 - Constitutional Design discusses in detail the importance of the Indian Constitution, its inception, the laws and regulations attached to it, and also covers the South-African constitution at length. Students will learn about the significance of these constitutions around the world and why they were created in the first place. They will also learn about the role of the constitution in binding the civilians together in a democracy.

Importances of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Chapter 2 - Constitutional Design

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Chapter 2 - Constitutional Design, provided by Vedantu, hold immense importance in the academic journey of students. These solutions serve as a guiding light for understanding the intricacies of India's constitution and its design principles. They offer clarity on the fundamental concepts, helping students to build a strong foundation in civics. Additionally, these solutions are meticulously crafted to align with the NCERT curriculum, making them an invaluable resource for exam preparation. Vedantu's commitment to offering them for free ensures that quality education is accessible to a wide audience, irrespective of economic constraints. In essence, these solutions empower students to comprehend the essence of constitutional governance in India, fostering a deeper understanding of their own democratic rights and responsibilities.


Vedantu’s Class 9 Social Science NCERT Solutions for Democratic Politics-I Chapter 2 - Constitutional Design are a great way to practise all the NCERT questions related to the chapter while also revising the concepts in a comprehensive manner. Students will have a good understanding of these ideas and points and can prepare well for the test by actually internalising the key areas and remembering them in a better way through practice.

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Chapter 2 - Constitutional Design

1. Describe How the Constituent Assembly Prepared the Constitution of India?

The Constituent Assembly drafted the constitution of India after independence. The Assembly worked in a very systematic and consensual manner while being very open. The members of the Assembly were all elected, and the chairman was also appointed. To begin with, the Constituent Assembly laid down some basic principles and rules that all the members agreed upon. After this, a drafting committee chaired by Dr B. R. Ambedkar prepared a draft constitution that was put up for discussion. There were several rounds of discussion which took place in rounds, and more than 2000 amendments were considered. The deliberation went on for 114 days and three years.

2. What are Constitutional Amendments?

The Constitution is very different from mere statements of values and philosophy and embodies various values that are to be shaped into an institutional arrangement. The Indian constitution is very detailed and very long and has to be amended at times so that it can keep up with the changing times or amend a flaw already present. The members of the Constituent Assembly believed that the Indian constitution should progress with society and the changing aspirations of the people. That is why they did not see it as some sacred and static law that cannot be touched. Thus, provisions were made to amend the constitution.

3. What is Constitutional Design according to Chapter 2 of Democratic Politics of Class 9?

The Constitutional Design lays down the plan of action for the formation of the Indian government. This records the basic rules the citizens and government need to follow. The constitution decides the rights of the citizen, the power of the government, and rules regarding how the government should function. This design is known to be the supreme law of the country.

4. What is Democracy according to Chapter 2 of Democratic Politics of Class 9?

Democracy means rule by people. The government is elected by the people and the people have active participation in the decisions taken by the government. The democratic government is accountable to the people. A detailed explanation is provided by the in-house experts in Vedantu.  With these NCERT solutions, students can practise as many solutions as they want to get well versed in this chapter. Download the NCERT Solutions on the official website of Vedantu or students can download using the app on their phones for free of cost.

5. Why do we need a Constitution according to Chapter 2 of Democratic Politics of Class 9?

We need a Constitution because it establishes the relationship people of a country have with the government.  It sows the seed of trust and coordination people have towards the government and also regulates the government on how it should elect and function.  It also restricts the power of the Government as well as acknowledges the rights of the people. Vedantu provides NCERT solutions for this chapter to help the students in understanding the concepts better and prepare well for the exam.

6. Why should I choose the NCERT Solutions for Chapter 2 of Democratic Politics of Class 9?

The best choice for the students to get well versed in the concepts is with the help of NCERT Solutions which will be a great help. Since the NCERT solutions are created by a group of qualified experts the answers are very authentic and accurate. Students need not worry about anything as Vedantu strictly follows the CBSE syllabus. NCERT Solutions are solved by experts so students can clarify their doubts and prepare for their exams.

7. What is the best guide for Class 9, Social Studies?

The best guide for Class 9, Social Studies is NCERT solutions. Since they strictly follow the CBSE curriculum. Vedantu offers the best NCERT solutions crafted by experts. So, that will help the students prepare for the exams in the best way. These solutions are created by a group of qualified subject experts to help the students understand the concepts better. Download the PDF of NCERT Solutions free of cost at the Vedantu website or the app using your phone.