CBSE Class 9 Social Science Economics NCERT Solutions 2022-23

VSAT 2022

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Economics - Free PDF Download

Economics deals with the ways industries, businesses, and organizations are constituted and operate. It is the study of how people interact with value. Economics covers the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. You need to understand the basics of an economy and its building blocks. It deals with various factors that affect society. It studies the involvement of businesses, industries, and countries. It is very important for students from a commerce background. You can download NCERT Class 9 pdf from the official website of Vedantu. 

Solutions NCERT Economics Class 9 pdf can prove to be exceedingly helpful for students during preparation for the Social Science board exams. Expert professors with plenty of experience have designed and formulated NCERT Solutions Class 9 Economics so that you have no issues regarding the validity of the solutions and can perform well in the exams. The Class 9th Economics solutions have been designed to conform to the guidelines set by CBSE so they have higher chances of appearing in the exams. These solutions, in addition to strengthening the basic foundations of the subject, aid students to answer distinct types of questions smartly through the use of simple and easy-to-understand words.

The solutions are framed by top faculties who have done a sufficient amount of research in the subject, the solutions are brief and accurate and help you to frame better answers in your exams. The questions in your NCERT textbook are very important. Sometimes questions are directly asked from NCERT textbooks. You must solve each question thoroughly. Long answer type and short answer type questions are covered in the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Economics. These solutions will come in handy during revision before exams.

Science Students who are looking for NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science will also find the Solutions curated by our Master Teachers are really helpful. You can also Download NCERT Solution for Class 9 Maths to help you to revise the complete Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.


NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science - Chapter-wise List

Given below are the chapter-wise NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science. These solutions are provided by the Social Science experts at Vedantu in a detailed manner. Go through these chapter-wise solutions to be thoroughly familiar with the concepts.


NCERT Solutions Class 9 Social Science (Economics) Chapter-wise List

Chapter 1 - The Story of Village Palampur

Chapter 2 - People as Resource

Chapter 3 - Poverty as Challenge

Chapter 4 - Food Security in India

NCERT Class 9 Social Science Economics Chapter-wise Solutions

NCERT Class 9 Social Science Economics contains only 4 chapters. Students should have the full syllabus with them before starting thier preparation for exams. The syllabus designed by the CBSE board has some key concepts that are essential for the knowledge of a student. 


The solution for each chapter is provided below. Click on the links to see the solutions of NCERT Class 9 Social Science Economics Chapter-wise Solutions.


Important Topics

Term I

  1.  The Story of Village Palampur

  • Overview

  • Organization of production

  • Farming in Palampur

  • Non-farm activities of Palampur


  1.  People as Resource

  • Overview

  • Economic activities by men and women

  • Quality of Population

  • Unemployment 


Term II 

  1.  Poverty as a Challenge

  • Two typical cases of poverty

  • Poverty as seen by Social Scientists

  • Poverty Estimates

  • Vulnerable Groups

  • Interstate disparities

  • Global Poverty Scenario

  • Causes of Poverty

  • Anti-poverty measures

  • The Challenges Ahead


  1. Food Security in India


Important Questions for NCERT Class 9 Social Science Economics 

1. Describe the work of a farmer with 1 hectare of land.

Ans: A farmer with one hectare of land is in the category of a small farmer. Most of the work is done by the farmer and his family members. The farmer will use a pair of bullocks to plough the field. His family members will assist him in sowing the seeds. During harvest time, he may need a few labourers.


2. How do the medium and large farmers obtain capital for farming? How is it different from the small farmers?

Ans: By selling farm produce medium and large farmers usually produce surplus cash. Because they have land and a house, getting a loan from banks is very easy. Small farmers may not be able to get bank loans. They have to depend on the moneylender and the local merchant for a loan.


3. What are the non-farm production activities taking place in your region? Make a shortlist.

Ans: The non-farm production activities taking place in our region are:


  • General Stores

  • Dairy

  • Transportation

  • Fishing


4. What is the role of education in human capital formation?

Ans: The most important component of human resource development is education. The following are the roles of education in the formation of human capital.


  • This human capital can be formed through proper education and training. A well-educated population is a valuable resource.

  • Education increases the quantity and quality of individual productivity, which contributes to economic growth.

  • Education fosters personality and a sense of national consciousness among the people, both of which are necessary for rapid economic growth.

  • Education not only contributes to an individual's development but also to the development of society holistically.


5. What is the difference between disguised unemployment and seasonal unemployment?

Ans: Disguised unemployment: occurs when there are more people working in a job than are actually needed. For example, if eight people are involved in an agricultural activity but the work/activity actually requires the services of five people, then three people are extra. If these three people out of eight are removed, total production will not be affected.


Seasonal unemployment: Seasonal unemployment occurs when people are only able to find work during certain months of the year. Agricultural labourers, for example, find work only during peak seasons, such as sowing, harvesting, weeding, and threshing. This is due to the seasonal nature of agriculture in India.



6. Why is the educated unemployed a peculiar problem in India? 

Ans: Educated unemployment refers to the situation in which a large number of young people with matriculation, graduation, and post-graduation degrees are unable to find suitable employment. 


India has a large population, and a large number of people graduate from schools and colleges each year. The number of educated people graduating from educational institutions is not keeping up with the number of jobs available in various sectors. As a result, educated unemployed people are a distinctive problem in India.


NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Economics - Free PDF Download

Basic knowledge of economics can help you understand how the world runs. Functioning of pricing, GDP, foreign connections, budgets, etc. is all directly or indirectly related to Economics. In the future, if you would particularly like to opt for subjects included in the commerce stream, Solutions NCERT Economics Class 9 pdf will prove to be extremely important. Students can also effortlessly finish their respective homework and other assignments. These solutions provide easy comprehension of ideas through a step-by-step explanation of the various concepts. NCERT Economics Class 9 Solutions PDF provides answers to all questions in the Economics NCERT Class 9 textbook.


Chapter 1: The Story of Village Palampur

This chapter discusses the various aspects of the economy through a hypothetical village named Palampur. It mentions various agricultural and non-agricultural activities that take place in different villages. This chapter briefly discusses the need for human power and capital for the production of products. The topics covered in this chapter are as follows:

  • Overview

  • Organization of production

  • Farming in Palampur

  • Non-farming activities in Palampur


Chapter 2: People as Resource

This chapter explains how the population is an asset to an economy. This emphasizes the significance of education and the contribution of educated people to society. This chapter covers the economic activities of men and women, unemployment, and the quality of the population. The topics covered in this chapter are as follows:

  • Overview

  • Economic activities by men and women

  • Quality of population

  • Unemployment


Chapter 3: Poverty as a challenge

Poverty is the biggest challenge in India. This is the main concept discussed in this chapter. The rural and urban case of poverty is discussed in this chapter. All the concepts are discussed in simple language for students to understand well and perform well in their examinations. The important topics covered in this chapter are estimate, poverty line, anti-poverty measures, and global poverty scenario. The topics covered in this chapter are as follows:

  • Poverty as seen by social scientists

  • Two typical cases of poverty

  • Vulnerable groups

  • Poverty estimates

  • Causes of poverty

  • Global poverty scenario

  • Interstate disparities

  • The challenges ahead

  • Anti-poverty measures


Chapter 4: Food Security in India

If all the citizens have sufficient food, they have easy access to food, they have sufficient capacity to buy food, then we can say that food security is ensured in India. This chapter covers the following concepts:

  • Green revolution in India

  • National Food Security Act


NCERT Solutions for Class 9 SST Economics - All Chapters

NCERT Economics Class 9 aims to familiarize students with the working of the economy as a whole as well as on an individual basis. To fully understand Economics as a subject, you need to be accustomed to using accurate jargon and terms defining specific concepts. Students can become able to achieve this by going through the Class 9 Economics textbook and NCERT Solution of Economics Class 9.

Class 9th Economics deals with topics such as production which includes topics like land, machinery, tools, and human resources along with their importance. Other topics included are the utilization of people as a productive resource, the struggles of poverty after independence and several reforms that are taken against it, and the concepts concerning food availability and affordability.

All of the aforementioned concepts are thoroughly explained by the NCERT Solution for Class 9 SST Economics. The language used is very easy to understand even though it includes technical terms. Solutions NCERT Economics Class 9 pdf provide answers to all chapters in the textbook through the use of proper charts, tables, and diagrams to help students in unlocking their potential and handling different problems regarding the subject with suitable reasoning.


NCERT SST Economics Class 9 Weightage Marks

The Economics Class 9 CBSE syllabus requires a student to be thorough and mildly accurate with the Economics textbook due to the inclusion of only 4 chapters. SST Economics Class 9 comprises 20 Marks from a total of the 80 Marks Class 9 Social Science board exam. It can be considered fairly reasonable that this subject provides considerable opportunities to maximize marks if the student has a good understanding.

Following are the topics that are covered under Class 9 Economics:

  • The concept of production (CH1 - The Story of Village Palampur).

  • Human Resource and Productive Population ( CH2 - People as Resource).

  • The poverty line, its causes, and reformation steps implemented (CH3 - Poverty as a Challenge).

  • Buffer Stock, Food affordability, availability, and prices ( CH4 - Food Security).


Benefits of Solutions NCERT Economics Class 9 pdf

To perform well in exams and other assessments, it is important to properly utilize the resources that are easily available to you. The solutions provided aid students in a good understanding of basic concepts and gaining further interest in the subject. Following are the fundamental benefits of the Class 9th Economics Solutions:

  • One of the basic advantages of these solutions refers to the easy availability of solved and critically analyzed answers to questions provided in the textbook so students can refer to them when needed.

  • These solutions are up to date with the latest CBSE syllabus and guidelines.

  • The solutions have been formulated by some of the experts in the subject matter which maximizes the credibility of the answers.

  • These solutions help students in maximizing their marks and achieve results with minimal mental pressure due to better organization of content.

  • The solutions have been designed and formatted by the chief agenda of performing well in examinations.

Tips to prepare Social Science Economics:

  • Start your preparation early. Be consistent and study regularly. This way you will save yourself from last-minute problems. 

  • Make short notes while you study. You can refer to Vedantu’s short notes which include all the important concepts compiled in one place. 

  • Make notes of all the important terms in your textbook. It is important to remember these terms as they are keywords and will improve your score in the exam.

  • Solve all the questions in your NCERT textbook. NCERT textbooks are prescribed by the CBSE so do not skip this book. This should be your priority. Do not get carried away by accumulating a lot of resources. Always rely on trustworthy resources to save your time and efforts.

  • Revise regularly. The more you revise, the better you will understand. You will be able to assess your knowledge through revision. 

  • Focus on strengthening your basics. Even if it takes time, it is worth the wait. Until and unless you are not thorough with the concepts, you will face difficulties in further chapters.

FAQs on CBSE Class 9 Social Science Economics NCERT Solutions 2022-23

Q1. What is Meant by Buffer Stock and Why is it Required?

Ans. Buffer stock refers to a load of food grains (e.g., wheat, rice, and so on) secured by the government through the Food Corporation of India (FCI). It is made to disperse food grains in shortage territories and among the more unfortunate segments of society at a reasonable cost.


Following are the reasons for its requirement:

  1. Government has made cradle stock to disseminate these food grains in shortfall zones and among the helpless part of society at a much lower cost than market cost. 

  2. It assists with settling the issue of deficiency of food during unfriendly climate conditions.

Q2. What is Disguised and Seasonal Unemployment?

Ans. Disguised unemployment means when individuals are being utilized but are not adding to the efficiency. For example, Indian farmers utilize crude techniques in farming because of their poverty. If they utilize current techniques for development, a circumstance can be made when just two people in a family can finish the work rather than three. Here one person is disguisedly employed.


Seasonal unemployment happens when individuals can't secure positions during certain months of the year. Horticulture in India is certainly not an entire-time occupation, it is occasional. The cultivators for the most part develop just one yield in a year. The occasional character of Agriculture in India prompts this type of unemployment.

Q3. How many chapters are there in Class 9 Economics Social Science?

Ans: There are four chapters in Class 9 Economics Social Science. These chapters are - 

  • The Story of Village Palampur 

  • People as Resource 

  • Poverty as a Challenge 

  • Food Security in India

These chapters deal with concepts such as production which includes topics like land, machinery, tools, and human resources along with their importance. Other topics are the utilization of people as a productive resource, the struggles of poverty after independence and several reforms concerning food availability and affordability.

Q4. Is Class 9 Economics easy?

Ans: Yes, Class 9 Economics is easy. Once you understand the concepts, it is easy to answer questions from Class 9 Economics in exams. Vedantu provides NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Economics, created by experts to help students understand the concepts and ace their exams. Along with the NCERT solutions, other study material like important questions, revision notes and PDFs are available on Vedantu’s website (vedantu.com) and the app absolutely free of cost.

Q5. Which is the best guide for Economics Class 9?

Ans: NCERT solutions are the best solutions for Economics Class 9. Since these solutions are prepared according to the CBSE syllabus, it will be easier for the students to get well-versed in all the chapters. Visit the page NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Economics to download the best NCERT Solutions, provided by Vedantu on the official website (vedantu.com) and on the Vedantu app free of cost.

Q6. How can I top in Economics Class 9?

Ans: To top in Economics Class 9, you need to be well-versed in all the chapters. Understanding the chapters very well and revising them will help you remember the key concepts in the chapters. Vedantu provides live online classes and NCERT Solutions created by experts to make the chapters interesting and easier for the students to understand and learn everything. Visit the page NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Economics to download the NCERT Solutions for all the chapters in Economics Class 9 to start preparing for your exams.

Q7. Do I need to study all the questions given in the NCERT Solutions Class 9 Economics?

Ans: Yes, you need to study all the questions given in the NCERT Solutions to ace your exams. Vedantu provides NCERT Solutions which are carefully crafted for the benefit of students to understand all the chapters in Class Economics. Visit the page NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Economics to download a free pdf of NCERT Solutions and use them to revise offline.

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