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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Chapter 5 - Judiciary

Last updated date: 23rd May 2024
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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 5 - Judiciary - Free PDF Download

It is easy to download the NCERT Solutions Social and Political Life Class 8 PDF from the website and app. The study material comes with step-by-step solutions that make answers simple and easy to understand. This NCERT Solution Class 8 Social Science Chapter 5 has all answers given by the subject experts. By preparing for the exam using this study material, students can face the exam with ease.  The answers for the chapter Social and Political Life Class 8 NCERT Solutions are compiled so that students of all levels find it easy to understand the concepts.



NCERT Solutions For Class 8


Class 8 Social Science (Social and Political Life)

Chapter Name:

Chapter 5 - Judiciary

Content Type:

Text, Videos, Images and PDF Format

Academic Year:



English and Hindi

Available Materials:

Chapter Wise

Other Materials

  • Important Questions

  • Revision Notes

Every NCERT solution is provided to make the study simple and interesting on Vedantu. Subjects like Science, Maths, English, Hindi and Social Science will become easy to study if you have access to NCERT Solution for Class 8 Science, Maths solutions and solutions of other subjects. You can also download NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths to help you to revise the complete syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.


Overview of Class 8 Social Science Political Science Chapter 5

The fifth chapter of Class 8 Social Science Political Science syllabus is called Judiciary. This chapter talks about all the essential topics of India's judiciary systems and law practices. In the chapter. Students will get to know about the Judiciary, its importance of the Judiciary, the role of the Judiciary, and much more. The chapter also provides details about the structure of courts in the country. 


From the chapter, students will be able to learn about the District Court, High Court, and Supreme Court. They will learn the salient features of the court and the overall situation of law and order in India. After completing the chapter, students practice answering the questions and take help from NCERT Solutions.

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Access NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 5 – Judiciary

Q1. You read that one of the main functions of the judiciary is ‘upholding the law and Enforcing Fundamental Rights’. Why do you think an independent judiciary is necessary to carry out this important function?

Ans: The independent judiciary is necessary to carry out this function because the judiciary's independence permits it to play a key role in "upholding the law and enforcing fundamental rights,". It ensures that the legislature and the administration do not abuse their power. If they believe their rights have been violated, anyone can go to court. Politicians and other socially influential persons cannot use their power to influence any decision.

Q2. Re-read the list of Fundamental Rights provided in Chapter 1. Why do you think the Right to Constitutional Remedies is connected to the idea of judicial review?

Ans: If an Indian citizen believes that the state has violated any of his or her Fundamental Rights, he or she has the right to file a lawsuit in court. The judiciary, as the last interpreter of the Constitution, has the right to review or even overturn any law approved by Parliament or the court if it considers it violates the constitution's basic structure. Every citizen has equal rights under the Constitution, and no one can be discriminated against. If there is a violation, the judiciary, including the Supreme Court, is free to reconsider previous judgments. In this way, we can see how the Fundamental Rights' Right to Constitutional Remedies is linked to and supported by the concept of judicial review.

Q3. In the following illustration, fill in each tier with the judgments given by the various courts in the Sudha Goel case. Check your responses with others in class.

(image will be uploaded soon)

Ans: Laxman, his mother Shakuntala, and his brother-in-law Subhash Chandra were all sentenced to death by the lower court (Trial Court).

Laxman, Shakuntala, and Subhash Chandra were acquitted by the High Court.

Laxman and Shakuntala were sentenced to life in jail, while Subhash Chandra was acquitted due to a lack of evidence by the Supreme court. 

Q4. Keeping the Sudha Goel case in mind, tick the sentences that are true and correct the ones that are false.

  1. The accused took the case to the High Court because they were unhappy with the decision of the Trial Court.

Ans: True - The defendants appealed to the High Court because they were dissatisfied with the Trial Court's ruling.

  1. They went to the High Court after the Supreme Court had given its decision.

Ans: False - They are not allowed to appeal to the High Court once the Supreme Court has issued its ruling. After the Trial Court made its verdict, they went to the High Court.

  1. If they do not like the Supreme Court verdict, the accused can go back again to the Trial Court.

Ans: False - If the accused does not like the Supreme Court's decision, they cannot appeal to the Trial Court because the Supreme Court is at the top of the legal hierarchy.

Q5. Why do you think the introduction of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the 1980s is a significant step in ensuring access to justice for all?

Ans: Since filing lawsuit in the courts was exceedingly expensive before the 1980s, the establishment of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the 1980s was a key step in improving access to justice for all. The illiterate and underprivileged cannot afford to seek justice in India for exploitation or violations of their basic human and fundamental rights. People have been able to file cases with the Supreme Court or the High Courts by sending a letter or telegram since the 1980s. Without investing any money, the courts accept it as a PIL (Public Interest Litigation).

Q6. Re-read excerpts from the judgment on the Olga Tellis vs Bombay Municipal Corporationcase. Now write in your own words what the judges meant when they said that the Right to Livelihood was part of the Right to Life.

Ans: The justices in the case of OlgaTellis vs.Bombay Municipal Corporation stated that the Right to Livelihood was a part of the Right to Life. They claimed that life is more than just an animal existence; it can't survive without a means of subsistence, or "the means of livelihood." No one can exist without a source of income. A person's livelihood is earning money in order to purchase food, clothing, and shelter. As a result, no one may be deprived of their livelihood. The court agreed that eviction from a pavement or slum deprives the impoverished of their means of subsistence since they cannot afford to live elsewhere. They do small jobs in the neighbouring districts, and losing their pavement or slum would mean losing a job, and hence a source of income. As a result, "life deprivation" occurs. The judges linked the Right to Livelihood to the Right to Life in this way.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science (Civics) - Social and Political Life Chapter 5 Judiciary

NCERT Social Science Class 8  Chapter 5 – Judiciary belongs to Social and Political Life. If you are a student of Class 8, you must have learned this chapter using NCERT Textbooks. The important points and concepts of topics such as the five different concepts of the judiciary are explained as to why the independence of the judiciary is important. These concepts come with diagrams and in a simple language that helps anyone learn better. It also engages with activities and experiments on the topic to make learning interesting. 

To make chapter preparation easier for students, the experts at Vedantu have formulated NCERT Solutions. These amazing solutions will help the students complete the chapter and answer the questions properly. They can download the questions for free and then access the files offline. Thus, students can access the files from anywhere and learn all the details of the chapter easily.

Class 8 Social Science Chapter Wise Marks Weightage

This Class 8th Science Chapter 5 has a weightage of 20 marks and this is one of the most important topics. Questions keep repeating in the board exams from this subject, for which preparing from these study materials makes students score better. 

Here is more detail about the contents of Chapter 5 Judiciary Class 8.

  • 5.1 Why do you think an independent judiciary is important to carry out the important functions (2 long) 

  • 5.2 Connection of right to constitutional remedies and the idea of judicial review   (1 short, 1 long)

  • 5.3 Introduction of public interest litigation (PIL)  (1 short)

  • 5.4 Questions on various courts (3 MCQ)

What are the features of NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Social Science Chapter 5?

  • Our simplified answers provide easy understanding and a solid foundation which helps in easy preparation for exams. 

  • These solutions give topic-wise answers along with important information about the topic. 

  • NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 5 Judiciary are prepared and correlated by a team of experts who make learning easy. 

  • For better understanding, the material provides an overview and important points systematically.

  • NCERT Social Science Class 8 Chapter 5 comes with important points, definitions, and examples that can be used for quick revision before exams.

Download Social Science Class 8 Chapter 5 Political Science Solutions for Preparation

This is your chance to learn about the judiciary system in India and practice the important questions from the textbook. Download NCERT Solutions for the chapter from Vedantu and practice for the exams in a better way.

Benefits of Social Science Class 8 Chapter 5 Political Science Solutions

  • The solutions have been provided by the experts at Vedantu for students' comfort. They will be able to learn the topics better with the help of these solutions.

  • Students can complete their syllabus on time with NCERT solutions. They don’t have to go through the chapter repeatedly to read the topics included there.

  • The experts at Vedantu have provided descriptions and explanations for the different topics in the chapter in simple language for the students to understand. Hence, students don’t have to rely on other resources in order to understand the chapter completely.

  • One can rely on the NCERT solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 5 Political Science to clarify any doubts about any topic. They can rely on the solutions to get detailed explanations and complete the chapter without any doubts.


Vedantu's Class 8 Social Chapter 5 - Judiciary Solutions is a comprehensive and informative resource that will help students to understand the concepts, solve problems, and improve their analytical skills. Practicing more questions is essential for success in exams. Vedantu's Class 8 Social Chapter 5 - Judiciary Solutions includes a large number of practice questions with solutions, which will help students to prepare for their exams.

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Chapter 5 - Judiciary

1. Where can I download NCERT Solutions Class 8 Political Science Chapter 5?

The NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Political Science Chapter 5 can be downloaded from the official website of Vedantu or the Vedantu mobile application.

2. How can NCERT Solutions Class 8 Political Science chapter 5 help me?

You can download the NCERT solutions and practice all the questions to gain in-depth knowledge about the topics and boost your prep for exams.

3. Can I score good marks in the exams with Class 8 Political Science Chapter 5 Solutions?

Yes, if you practice the NCERT Solutions regularly and include the solutions in your study material, there is no doubt that you can score high marks in the exams.

4. How to practice the given solutions for Class 8 Chapter 5 Political Science?

Download the notes and practice every single day. If there are any doubts about the chapter, rely on these helpful notes. Make sure that you revise the topics frequently to keep the concepts clear.

5. What can students learn with solutions for Class 8 Chapter 5 Political Science?

Students will get to learn about the judiciary system, different types of courts, and laws in India.