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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Chapter 1 - The Indian Constitution

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Solve NCERT Solutions for Social Science Class 8 Chapter 1 - The Indian Constitution - Free PDF Download

The Social and Political life chapters may seem a little complicated, with too many research-oriented questions and structured answer patterns. However, once you get a hold of the core concepts, it will become easier to learn and understand this chapter.



NCERT Solutions For Class 8


Class 8 Social Science (Social and Political Life)

Chapter Name:

Chapter 1 - The Indian Constitution

Content Type:

Text, Videos, Images and PDF Format

Academic Year:



English and Hindi

Available Materials:

Chapter Wise

Other Materials

  • Important Questions

  • Revision Notes

NCERT Solutions for Class 8th Social Science Civics Chapter 1 consists of detailed answers that are accurately solved by experienced academic professionals. Hence, by following these same answer patterns, you can easily get a good score in your SST exam. Subjects like Science, Maths, and English will become easy to study if you have access to NCERT Solution for Class 8 Science, Maths solutions, and solutions of other subjects. You can also download NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths to help you to revise the complete syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.


CBSE Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 must be learnt and revisited using certain strategies to obtain a good grade. Students should not only concentrate on challenging aspects of the material, but also practise practise questions. Since time management plays a vital role here, NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Political Life Chapter 1 helps students to learn and revise the topics within a shorter time frame.


The Indian Constitution Class 8 NCERT Solutions Social Science Civics Chapter 1 - Major Topics 

Some of the major topics of Chapter 1 Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution that students should focus on while preparing this lesson include the following: 

  • Definition of a constitution

  • Importance and significance of the constitution

  • Key features of the Indian Constitution

  • Federalism

  • Parliamentary form of government

  • Secularism

  • Separation of powers: the three organs of government – legislature, executive, and judiciary

  • Fundamental Rights

  • The need for a constitution in a democratic nation

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science (Civics) Chapter- 1 (The Indian Constitution)

1. Why does a democratic country need a Constitution? 

Ans: A democratic country needs a Constitution for the following reasons:

  • A constitution serves as the set of rules using which the government runs.

  • It also defines the nature of the political system.

  • It provides the guidelines for the government of a country.

  • The ideals of the society in the country are provided. 

  • It lays down the ideals that form the basis of the kind of country that its citizens aspire to live in.

  • It protects the rights of lesser privileged citizens in the state.

  • It also checks the power abuse by the political rulers.

2. Look at the wordings of the two documents given below. The first column is from the 1990 Nepal Constitution. The second column is from the more recent interim Constitution of Nepal.

1990 Constitution of Nepal

Part 7: Executive

2007 Interim Constitution

Part 5: Executive

Article 35: Executive Power: The executive power of the Kingdom of Nepal shall be exercised exclusively by His Majesty.

Article 37: Executive Power: The executive power of Nepal shall, pursuant to this Constitution and other laws, be vested in the Council of Ministers. The executive functions of Nepal shall be taken in the name of the Prime Minister.


What is the difference in who exercises 'Executive Power' in the above two Constitutions of Nepal? Keeping this in mind, why do you think Nepal needs a new Constitution today?

Ans: The difference between who exercises the executive power is that earlier the power was vested in the hands of the King of Nepal whereas now the power is vested in the hands of the Council of Ministers of Nepal, headed by the Prime Minister of Nepal.

Since Nepal is no longer a monarchy, it needs a new constitution which reflects the democratic ideals of the Nepalese society as the people had sought a revolution for the same.


3. What would happen if there were no restrictions on the power of elected representatives?

Ans: If there are no restrictions on the power of the elected representatives, they would abuse the power to cause injustice to the people leading to the collapse of the democratic ideals of the society.


4. In each of the following situations, identify the minority. Write one reason why you think it is important to respect the views of the minority in each of these situations.

  1. In a school with 30 teachers, 20 of them are male.

Ans: Female and transgender teachers are in minority, so their views must be respected to keep the smooth flow of the teaching process.

  1. In a city, 5 percent of the population are Buddhists.

Ans: Buddhists are in minority, so their views must be respected so that they can practise their religion without any hesitation.

  1. In a factory mess for all employees, 80 percent are vegetarians.

Ans: The non-vegetarians are in minority, so their views towards food are to be respected and as long as they do not create hindrance towards the functioning of the mess, they should be allowed to eat whatever is good for them.

  1. In a class of 50 students, 40 belong to more well-off families. 

Ans: the students who are not from well-off families are in the minority. So, their views must be respected so that they also grow in knowledge at school.


5. The column on the left lists some of the key features of the Indian Constitution. In the other column write two sentences, in your own words, on why you think this feature is important:

Key Feature



Separation of Powers

Fundamental Rights

Parliamentary Form of Government



Key Feature



It provides national unity. It also enhances the decision-making process.

Separation of Powers

The power is not concentrated in the hands of a few. It also provides for checks on abuse of power.

Fundamental Rights

They protect the citizens from abuse of power by the state. They also force the government to work for the people.

Parliamentary Form of Government

It provides for a decentralised power system. It also leads to better coordination between the legislature and the executive.

NCERT Solutions Class 8 Social Science Social and Political Life Chapter 1 – Free PDF Download

The chapter consists of important segments of Social Science that require thorough learning. Along with that, you should be focusing on solving exercise questions to assess your understanding.

While studying CBSE Class 8 Civics Chapter 1, you should make sure that you understand the core concepts. These sections should be grasped appropriately to avoid confusion during the exams. NCERT Solutions provide the correct approach to frame the answers in a way that brings a better score.

In order to thoroughly learn about this chapter and the subject as a whole, practising these solutions becomes extremely important. Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 PDF makes a convenient study material that can be downloaded from Vedantu for free.

The Indian Constitution Class 8 NCERT Solutions Social Science (Civics) Chapter 1 - Summary

Every country has a set of laws, written or unwritten, that helps the government and the country's people function by abiding by them. Similarly, India too has such a set of laws that dictates the code of conduct for the ruler and the ruled. The Indian Constitution consists of a set of rules and principles that help to govern the country of India.

Chapter 1 of CBSE Class 8 Social Science The Indian Constitution is concerned with the Indian Constitution, which was drafted by the Constituent Assembly in December 1946. The author discusses the importance of a constitution, particularly in a democratic democracy. After two years, eleven months, and eighteen days, the Constituent Assembly finished drafting the Indian Constitution. While studying this chapter, students will also discover that the Indian Constitution was approved on November 26, 1949. It went into service on January 26, 1950.


Further, the chapter delves into the basic features of the Indian Constitution. These include Federalism, a parliamentary form of government, separation of powers, fundamental rights, an independent judiciary, and secularism. Students will learn what these salient features mean and how they are applicable in the Indian context. Students of Class 8 Civics will also be introduced to the six major fundamental rights that have been guaranteed to all citizens of India by the Indian Constitution and the fundamental duties required of them. 


To understand each of these topics and concepts in great detail, download the free PDF of Class 8 NCERT Solutions Social Science Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution.

Important Questions Derived from NCERT Solutions for Class 8 SST Civics Chapter 1

Class 8th Civics Chapter 1 appropriately summarises important areas and features of the Indian Constitution. In this chapter, you get to learn about separation of powers, secularism, what a parliamentary form of government is, fundamental rights that Indian citizens have, etc. After completing each section, you should also check what you have learned so far, and that is when these NCERT solutions come to your help.

The following pointers impart a basic idea of what kind of questions you might get in the examination.

Question 1: The very first question of 8th Class Civics Chapter 1 will ask you to state the reasons why a democratic country should have a Constitution. In order to create a precise structure, you may add a few points to mention these reasons.

Question 2: While answering the second question, you can add one or two features that establish the differences between the 1990 Constitution of Nepal part 7 Executive and the current Constitution of Nepal federal Executive.

Question 3: The third one from NCERT Solutions Class 8 Social Science Social and Political Life Chapter 1 provides an explanation of the mentioned situation. In order to present it this way, you should have sufficient knowledge about these specific areas of Chapter 1 of Civics Class 8.

There are more questions from Social and Political Life Class 8 Chapter 1 that are considered as a useful resource for your practice. Solving textbook solutions on a regular basis will help you to prepare better for your board exams.


Benefits of Choosing NCERT Solutions for Class 8th Civics Chapter 1

NCERT Civics Solution for Class 8 Chapter 1 focuses primarily on providing accurate and precise solutions that also include valuable information to strengthen the answers. Chapter 1 Civics Class 8 deals with the Indian Constitution, fundamental rights, and related topics. Some fascinating aspects should be uncovered and properly understood before proceeding with further schooling.

Relying on NCERT Solution of Civics Class 8 Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution comes with lots of advantages.

  • The core areas of this subject cannot be adequately understood if you do not practise the exercise questions alongside. NCERT Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 allows you to understand the basics and key features of the important topics covered in this chapter.

  • Appropriate formatting of these answers is an essential component that you should pay heed to. While writing an informative answer, the right approach can bring some extra marks as it enhances its quality. The answers given in NCERT Class 8 SST Civics Chapter 1 are prepared in accordance with the CBSE guidelines to help you get better marks.

  • The NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 are reliable study materials where you can find precise answers.

  • Another advantage of choosing NCERT Solutions is that these are written in a simple language so students can get a hold of these concepts fast. These solutions also include pointers to make your answer look more presentable and structured.

  • Apart from prioritising the quality, these solutions also guide the students with proper strategies that can save time during examinations. NCERT Solution of Class 8 Civics Chapter 1 contains useful techniques to help you finish your paper within a stipulated time.

NCERT Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development Chapter-wise Solutions

Important Points on Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution

  • Federalism refers to the existence of multiple levels of government.

  • Parliamentary Government: Each citizen of the country, regardless of caste or creed, has the right to vote.

  • Separation of powers refers to the separation of powers between the three branches of government: the judiciary, legislative, and executive.

  • Fundamental Rights: According to the Indian Constitution, every citizen of the country is entitled to six major fundamental rights.

  • A country that promotes tolerance of all religions for its residents is a secular country.

You can download the NCERT Answers for Social Science Civics Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution to provide a complete understanding of the topic and clarity of concepts. Gain a thorough knowledge of the important phrases and ideas and prepare to excel in the next tests. Download the free PDF now!


Vedantu's NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Chapter 1 - The Indian Constitution provide an exceptional and comprehensive learning resource for students. Through this platform, students gain a deep understanding of the foundation of Indian democracy and the significance of the Constitution. The well-structured and engaging solutions offered by Vedantu ensure that students can grasp complex concepts with ease. By incorporating interactive methods and real-life examples, Vedantu fosters critical thinking and analytical skills. As a result, students develop a profound appreciation for the principles of justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity enshrined in the Indian Constitution. Vedantu's commitment to quality education makes it an invaluable aid for students striving to become informed and responsible citizens.

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Chapter 1 - The Indian Constitution

1. How to get NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 for Free?

If you are aiming towards achieving a better score in your finals, you should start from the basics first. Proper understanding of the core areas helps to pursue the subject in higher education. Additionally, it also helps you during exams when you have a complete strategy to solve these questions on time.

2. Can I Download the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 for Free?

Yes, the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 PDF can be downloaded easily from Vedantu. Students have a hard time finding the right kind of study materials for Social and Political Life. Vedantu provides reliable Class 8 SST study material for your exam preparation.

3. What do you understand about Fundamental Rights?

Fundamental Rights are the rights given to the citizens of India. These rights are the same for all the citizens of a country irrespective of their colour, caste, creed, or sex. There are six Fundamental Rights as per the Constitution of India, which are:

  • Right to Freedom

  • Right to Equality

  • Right to Freedom of Religion

  • Right to Exploitation

  • Cultural and Educational Rights

  • Right to Constitutional Remedies

4. What do you understand about the Right to Equality?

The Right to Equality means that all citizens of India have an equal right before the law. It is one of the six fundamental rights mentioned in the Constitution of India. According to this right, no discrimination is made between the citizens based on caste, colour, creed, and sex. Every individual has an equal right to go to religious places, parks, shops, and hotels. 

5. What is the importance of Class 8 Social Science and Political Life Chapter 1?

Class 8 Social Science and Political Life Chapter 1 is an important chapter for the students of Class 8. It teaches about the Constitution of India, its importance and history, fundamental rights, and other important topics. Students can download NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 from Vedantu website and the Vedantu app, absolutely free of cost. The NCERT solutions provided here can help students to understand the main concepts given in the chapter and prepare for their exams. 

6. What is the Separation of Powers?

One of the most significant aspects of the Indian constitution is the separation of powers. Separation of powers refers to the division of a state's authorities into three divisions for the efficient running of a country. The legislative, executive, and judiciary are the three branches. The legislative contains our elected officials, the executive refers to those who carry out legislation, and the judiciary refers to the courts and their operations.

7. How can I score high marks in Class 8 Social Science?

Social science is an interesting subject. Students studying in Class 8 can easily score high marks in Class 8 Social Science by studying from the Vedantu’s revision notes and NCERT solutions class 8 social science. All notes and NCERT Solutions Class 8 are prepared by expert subject teachers according to the latest CBSE guidelines and exam patterns. The notes are written in simple and easy language so that students can understand the concepts easily.