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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Chapter 2 - Understanding Secularism

Last updated date: 27th Feb 2024
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IVSAT 2024

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 2 - Understanding Secularism - Free PDF Download

Vedantu professionals provide NCERT Answers for Class 8 Social Science Social and Political Life Chapter 2 to help students with an effective learning experience. These NCERT Solutions cover all of the major themes in this chapter, making it easy for students to study and revise.


NCERT Solutions For Class 8


Class 8 Social Science (Social and Political Life)

Chapter Name:

Chapter 2 - Understanding Secularism

Content Type:

Text, Videos, Images and PDF Format

Academic Year:



English and Hindi

Available Materials:

Chapter Wise

Other Materials

  • Important Questions

  • Revision Notes

Hence, by referring to these NCERT Solutions, students can obtain outstanding marks in their Social Science exams. So download and refer to the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 “Understanding Secularism” for free from Vedantu. Science Students who are looking for NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science will also find the Solutions curated by our Master Teachers really Helpful. You can also download Class 8 Maths NCERT Solutions to help you to revise the complete syllabus and score more marks in your examination.

Topics Covered under Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism

Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism is one of the most important and exciting chapters of Social and Political Life. Before looking up the  NCERT solutions, go through the topics discussed in the chapter. 

  • Retaliation vs. Secularism Examples

  • What is Secularism?

  • Why is it Important to Separate Religion from the State?

  • What is Indian Secularism?

This chapter includes 7 questions. All these questions along with their solutions are provided below. Students can write and learn these answers while preparing for their class tests or exams. Later we will solve some important MCQs for the chapter Understanding Secularism.

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter- 2 Understanding Secularism

1. List the different types of religious practice that you find in your neighbourhood. This could be different forms of prayer, worship of different gods, sacred sites, different kinds of religious music and singing etc. Does this indicate freedom of religious practice?

Ans: The different types of religious practices found in our neighbourhood are the Vedic chants in Temples, the Gurbani in Gurudwaras, the Namaaz in Mosques, and processions on festivals such as Muharram and prayers in Churches. This indicates the freedom of religious practice in our neighbourhood.

2. Will the government intervene if some religious group says that their religion allows them to practise infanticide? Give reasons for your answer.

Ans: Yes, the government will intervene if some religious group says that their religion allows them to practice infanticide. This is because such a practice is against the freedom to life and also against the human rights of that infant.

3. Complete the Following Table:


Why is this important?

Example of a violation of this objective

One religious community does not dominate another.

The State does not enforce any particular religion nor take away the religious freedom of individuals.

That some members do not dominate other members of the same religious community.



Why is this important?

Example of a violation of this objective

One religious community does not dominate another.

This is important in order to protect the rights of all the religious communities to practice their own religion.

The destruction of several temples such as Kashi Vishwanath Temple, Somnath Temple, etc.

The State does not enforce any particular religion nor take away the religious freedom of individuals.

This is important in order to keep the secular ideas of the state upright. 

The government provides funding to Madrasas in India which are religious institutions for Muslims.

That some members do not dominate other members of the same religious community.

This is important in order to keep the rights of all the people of the state enacted. 

The Ahmadiyya sect of Islam is not considered a part of Islam by the Sunni sect of Islam.

4. Look up the annual calendar of holidays of your school. How many of them pertain to different religions? What does this indicate?

Ans: There are several festivals on which holidays have been declared. 3 of them are national holidays whereas others are religious holidays such as Holi, Diwali, Janmashtami, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Zuha, Eid-e-Milad, Christmas, etc. This shows that in India all religions are respected and people live in communal harmony.

5. Find out some examples of different views within the same religion.

Ans: In the faith of Islam, there are Sunnis who keep fast on Muharram and there are Shias who mourn during this month. So, in the same festival, there are different views and reasons to fast and mourn within Islam. 

6. The Indian State both keeps away from religion as well as intervenes in religion. This idea can be quite confusing. Discuss this once again in class using examples from the chapter as well as those that you might have come up with.

Ans: The Indian state keeps away from religion in certain matters such as the election of government, deployment of officials, etc. for administration. However, it has also given rights to the minorities to set up their own educational institutions and also provides funds to them.

The state also tries to create a reformed society by making laws against the outdated and cruel customs which are against human rights in the religions.

There are certain rules by which a particular religion is exempted from them. For example, the defence personnel in India cannot keep beards but the Sikhs can.

7. This poster highlights the need for ‘Peace’. It says, “Peace is a never-ending process.... It cannot ignore our differences or overlook our common interests.” Write in your own words what you think the above sentences are trying to convey? How does it relate to the need for religious tolerance?

Peace Poster

Ans: The above sentences are trying to say that peace cannot be achieved as long as there is not a healthy environment for discussion and agreement on differences on common matters. One section of people might say that a particular action is wrong or a particular belief is irrational whereas there might be some sections who hold that belief to be true and the actions rational. This could be a cause of disruption of peace in the absence of a harmonious environment for discussion in society.

MCQs Based on Chapter 2 - Understanding Secularism

Below given are some MCQs based on the chapter Understanding Secularism. Tick the correct option:

1. According to the Indian Constitution, which of the following is true?

  1. One religious community can not harm another.

  2. Sikhs can not wear turbans.

  3. People of other religions than Hindus can not worship publicly.

  4. Members of the same community can harm each other.

Answer. A

2. According to American secularism, there is____

  1. No separation between religion and State 

  2. Less separation between religion and the State 

  3. A strict separation between religion and the State 

  4. The mix of religious activities

Answer. C

3. In Saudi Arabia, which practice is followed? Mark the correct answer.

  1. Non-muslims are not allowed to build temples, churches or any other religious place.

  2. Muslims can harm non-muslims.

  3. Non-muslims together follow their religious activities in public. 

  4. None of the above

Answer. A

Fill in the Blanks

  1. The Indian Constitution mandates that the Indian State be ………. 

  2. The Indian state works in various ways to prevent the ………

  3. The Indian Constitution grants the right to religious communities to set up their own ……

  4. The Indian Constitution guarantees ………..

  5. Indian constitution intervened in Hindureliguous practices to remove ………

Answers. 1. Secular, 2. Domination, 3.  Schools and colleges, 4. Fundamental rights, 5. untouchability

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics - Overview and Summary

The NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics on Vedantu will help you to develop a conceptual understanding of the various topics covered in this chapter, which will therefore help you to easily answer all the questions from this chapter of Civics class 8, in the examination.

In Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism, you will read about the concept of secularism, i.e., the fundamental right of religious freedom, and its various aspects. Practising the various types of questions will ensure that you have a good understanding of the subject. NCERT Class 8 Civics Solutions for Understanding Secularism, a free PDF is available on Vedantu and can be accessed by students both offline and online. You can also download the free PDF file of NCERT Solutions and take a printout of the same, for your convenience.


NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 2 - Understanding Secularism

Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism 

Benefits of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics

Our proficient and experienced teachers have formulated all the solutions in a well-structured format to make your learning process easier. The following are the benefits of our Class 8 Chapter 2 Civics Solutions.

  • NCERT Solutions available on Vedantu are prepared in an easy-to-understand manner.

  • All the NCERT Solutions are prepared according to the latest CBSE guidelines.

  • Every answer is prepared by the highly experienced teachers at Vedantu.

  • These NCERT Solutions are prepared in such a way that a student can have a comprehensive exam preparation.

  • The PDF file of the NCERT Solutions is available for free download.

  • All the solutions are accurate and detailed so that students don’t face any problems in understanding the concepts.

Vedantu provides free NCERT Solutions and other study materials for every class and subject. Students of class 8 who are looking for Social Science NCERT Solutions can download the SST Class 8 chapter-wise solutions PDF files from Vedantu for free.


NCERT Class 8 Social Science Social and Political Life Chapter-wise Solutions


Not only does Vedantu give study resources for Social Science, but also for every other topic in class 8. Our subject matter experts have addressed each issue. All answers are properly organised for learners, and all NCERT Solutions adhere to the most recent CBSE rules. Throughout the study materials, each topic is elucidated in an organised manner, and test papers are written appropriately. If you need additional help overcoming your worries, our in-house experienced teachers are accessible around the clock to answer your inquiries. The study materials are available on both the Vedantu app and the website.

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Chapter 2 - Understanding Secularism

1.What we are Going to Study in Chapter 2 of Civics Class 8?

The basic right to religious freedom is discussed in detail in this chapter of Class 8 Civics. A secular country is one that gives the freedom to its citizens to practice the religion of their choice, and no majority can deprive them of this freedom.

This chapter also discusses why India is a secular country. It can be said that India is a secular country because it is not dominated by people of any single religion and also because it can not force people to follow a certain religion by the state or central power.

The chapter 'Understanding Secularism' makes it easier for students to understand the concept of secularism and also why it is essential to allow the nation's citizens to practice any religious belief in a fundamental way.

2. How can Students Access Solutions for Different Chapters in one Place?

Students can access all the solutions by downloading PDF files from Vedantu. These files are available for free download. You can access the solutions anytime and anywhere on Vedantu. By downloading Vedantu’s app you can attend free live master classes as well.  Some of the students, while understanding civics, face problems. Thus, with the help of our expert teachers, Vedantu has made the topic easier to understand. To make your preparation for exams easier, our experienced teachers have prepared these solutions with the utmost care. Download the NCERT Solutions PDF, and access live masterclasses, NCERT Solution PDF, free videos, and much more.

3. What is Understanding Secularism?

Understanding secularism is a chapter in Class 8 NCERT Social Science. This chapter in Civics explains the meaning and definition of secularism, the importance of secularism, what is a secular state and topics related to it. This chapter enlightens students that no one in a secular country has the right to discriminate against any religion and its beliefs. Secularism never promotes any kind of disrespect against any religion. You can access NCERT Solutions Class 8 Social Science Social and Political Life Chapter 2 to understand the chapter better.

4. What is Secularism in the NCERT Solutions?

India has devised a strategy to separate the influence of religion from the power of the state. This division of religion from state is known as secularism. The goal of secularism is to create a society in which people of different faiths may live together in harmony and peace. A secular country does not allow religious discrimination. Every person living in the country has the right to practice their religion.

5. What is a secular state according to the Class 8 NCERT?

A secular state is a state which practices secularism, that is, a state which does not interfere and remains neutral in matters of religion. A secular state neither goes in favour or against any religion. It follows three objectives:

  • One religion should not be dominant over another one.

  • Any member should not dominate other members of the same religious community.

  • The State neither imposes any one religion nor does it restrict people's religious freedom.

6. Where can I find notes of ‘Understanding Secularism’?

Vedantu is the best platform if you are looking for some excellent quality study materials for your exam preparations. The notes and NCERT Solutions are formulated by a team of experts. For the notes of Chapter 2 of Civics Class 8, you can take a look through the website of Vedantu. They provide the students with downloadable PDFs of NCERT Solutions that are absolutely free of cost. Students can also access the study material on Vedantu’s App.

7. Where can I download NCERT Class 8 Social Science textbook?

The NCERT Class 8 Social Science textbook and solutions to each chapter are available in PDF format on the Vedantu app and the Vedantu website. These PDFs are available for download, and they are also free. When it comes to studying new concepts and topics, the books you choose must be simple to understand and give you the information you seek. NCERT books meet all of these requirements and give you the best.