HSC Full Form

HSC full form is a Higher Secondary Certificate board in India. At present, there are 52 sanctioned boards in India catering to 30 states. For example, West Bengal is home to six different types of boards like Board of Primary Education, Board of Secondary education, the board of Madrasah education, Council of Rabindra open schooling, the state council of vocational education & training and Council of Higher Secondary Education.

The most significant number of boards are affiliated to the states, and Higher Secondary or HSC is the final board. The student gets admitted to college afterward. 

Overview of HSC Boards and Exam Pattern

The HSC acronym stands for the Higher secondary board comprising two years from classes XI and XII that leads to the higher secondary exam. There are three streams: science, commerce, and arts. Apart from that, students have various cross combinations like bioscience, pure science, and also different commerce subjects to choose from. 

The exams for HSC meaning are conducted in March, and students have to secure 40% in the main 5 subjects out of 6 to clear the exams. Grades are awarded to students based on their percentile of marks scored out of 100. In the science subjects, 30 marks are kept aside for practical papers. 

Subjects Covered in Higher Secondary Exams

There are various subjects combinations in Higher secondary exams, and you need to understand the full meaning of hsc. Let's look at the significant streams Arts, Science and Commerce and how the subjects are allotted. There are two compulsory papers i.e., the vernacular subjects for each state and English.


The arts subjects comprise mainly of the following subjects:

  1. Political science

  2. History

  3. Geography

  4. Philosophy

  5. Economics

  6. Education


The science subject comprises of these main papers:

  1. Physics

  2. Chemistry

  3. Mathematics

  4. Biology

  5. Computer Science

  6. Statistics


The commerce paper for hsc full form has a varied discipline and comprises of the following subjects:

  1. Accountancy

  2. Commerce

  3. Business Mathematics

  4. Company Law and Business Studies

  5. Economics

Benefits of HSC

Some experts have pointed out that the future of hsc meaning has changed and is on the decline. The government is giving more emphasis on a centralized system of education that puts the Delhi boards like ICSE and CBSE on the radar. 

But there are many benefits of this system that have prevailed for more than 100 years now. Some of these are:

  • The hsc acronym for higher secondary has a deep penetration level

  • Cost-effective and cheap compared to other boards

  • Nationally recognized and valid anywhere

  • Vernacular system of education that promotes local culture

  • Easy availability of study materials 


The hsc abbreviation is for the higher secondary certificate. It still holds a revered position in our country. This board boasts of some extraordinary teachers and carries the blessing of outstanding scholars. The government should take some steps to improve the infrastructure of this system that would provide the much-needed impetus to stand shoulder to shoulder with other boards. 

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What do you Mean by Higher Secondary?

Higher Secondary education is the next level after Class 10th. Higher Secondary of HSC comprises a two years programme and covers Classes 11th and 12th.

2. Is there a Difference Between SSC and HSC?

Yes, SSC stands for Secondary School Certificate and HSC stands for Higher Secondary Certificate. Secondary School Certificate means Class 10th and Higher Secondary Certificate means Class 12th in countries like India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.

3. When are the HSC Exams Held and the Results Announced?

The HSC examination generally takes place in March. The results usually take around three months but now the boards are taking only two months to publish the results.