From 2014 to 2019, the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) was a national fight to dispose of open faeces and develop urban and nationwide areas of strong waste management (SWM) in India. The important factors of this mission are covered in the below-given speeches on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. The objectives of the mission included the destruction of manual searching, the creation of awareness and the achievement of a change of actions about sanitation practices, and the increase of sanitation facilities across the country.
Good morning to all of you present here. Today, I am going to speak on the topic, ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’. The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan or Clean India Movement was launched on Gandhi Jayanti (145th birthday celebration of Mahatma Gandhi), on 2nd of October, in 2014 by India's Prime Minister, Narendra Modi. The Indian government administered this campaign, launched by our Prime Minister, all across the country.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan's cleanliness campaign was run at a national scale and encompassed all cities, districts, at both rural and urban levels. It has acted as a wonderful campaign to make people aware of the value of cleanliness. In Rajghat, New Delhi, the drive for Swachh Bharat was officially launched and our Prime Minister Narendra Modi cleaned the streets himself at the launch of this mission. It is the biggest cleanliness drive of India ever, with about 30 lakh government employees, school and college students participating in the activities.
Nine famous personalities from India were initially nominated by the Indian Prime Minister, for beginning this campaign in their respective states or areas and taking the campaign further. He asked all nine of those personalities to call on nine other individuals (such as a tree branch) to continue this series until each Indian joined the mission, as it was planned for the next 5 years.
The purpose of the mission is to assess certain important factors for the proper sanitation arrangements in the rural and urban parts of the country. These factors include the availability of individual sanitary toilets in low-cost sanitary lavatories, hand pumps, proper bathing, hygiene, drains, soak pits, solid and liquid waste disposal. Population growth is an important factor that has to be considered for making proper sanitation arrangements. This mission also aims to promote health and hygiene literacy, environmental and personal hygiene. The Government of India initiated sanitation programs under the name 'Total Sanitation Campaign' (TSC) for this mission, earlier on 1 April 1999, but it was not as successful even after taking effect. To eradicate pollution, India is in desperate need of a cleanliness campaign like Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. It is important in terms of health and well-being for the overall development of people.
Since the majority of India's population lives in rural areas, it is a big issue to spread awareness about cleanliness. Generally, people don't have adequate toilet facilities in these regions. They go out to excrete on fields or highways. For residents, this activity causes a lot of hygiene issues. This Clean India Mission may, therefore, be of great help to improve the living conditions of these individuals. As rural areas are in the main focus of this mission, the quality of life of rural people will be improved by it. Most notably, it promotes public health through its goals. India is one of the world's most populated and polluted nations, and this mission will change the scenario. What's more, Mahatma Gandhi’s vision of ideal India will be fulfilled that day when we achieve the objectives of this mission. Let's promise ourselves to do this.
Here’s a short Swachh Bharat Abhiyan speech in English, covering the major factors of the mission of cleaning India.
Today, I am here to present my opinion on ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan’. 'Swachh Bharat Project' is a significant campaign in India, and on the day of its launch, around 3 million government employees and students took part in it. This project seeks active participation by individuals of any age group from all corners of the country. This movement was launched on October 2, 2014 (Mahatma Gandhi's 145th birth anniversary) to achieve the 'Swachh Bharat' dream of Mahatma Gandhi.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan's goals include access to personal toilets, eliminating defecation in the open, raising public awareness about cleanliness, using toilets among ordinary people, encouraging change of behaviour, keeping villages clean, proper disposal of solid, and liquid wastes. Due to poverty, lack of education, lack of cleanliness, and other social problems, India is still a developing nation.
We need to eradicate all the issues that hamper the growth and development of our nation from society. I believe that the Sanitation Campaign is the best way to put an end to one of the major social problems of society and to facilitate the development of the country through the development of its people. Big positive change in India can only be brought about by the success of the Sanitation Campaign. It is connected to the internal and external growth and development of all those living in India, which tells us that the slogan of "clean, happy, and healthy citizens who provide a healthy and developed nation" is great.
The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched On 2nd October 2014, at Raj-Ghat New Delhi.
The goal of this campaign was to free India from unhealthy and open defecation by 2 October 2019.
The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is administered in rural areas by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, while in urban areas by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
The campaign also aims to instill a sense of cleanliness and hygiene in individuals, in addition to keeping India clean.
With over 3 million government employees and students involved directly, it is by far the biggest Indian initiative.
The Government of India provides monetary subsidies to houses for the construction of toilets.
Procedures for converting waste to energy and compost are also included in the objectives of this mission.
The number of people defecating publicly fell dramatically from 550 million to about 150 million within four years of the initiative.
Government data indicate that by 2018, approximately 3.25 lakh villages in India were declared free of open defecation.
The Abhiyan also involves tasks such as the collection of waste from door to door and its proper disposal.