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Speech on Urbanization

Last updated date: 21st Feb 2024
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Constant is the only change in the only change in this world and our societies are also trying to adapt and change to newer ways of living. The shift from the villages or rural areas to the cities or urban areas is called Urbanisation. This shift is mainly due to better opportunities and therefore progress. Urbanisation Speech and the different ways to present it is discussed in this article. It can be a Long Speech On Urbanisation or a Short Speech On Urbanisation.


Long Speech on Urbanisation

This form of speech on urbanisation delves into details and discusses many important aspects which are useful for students in grades 8-12.


Good Morning all, I Abc (mention your name) am here to speak on the topic of Urbanisation. Urban areas are basically well-built towns or cities that provide convenience for their residents. And a group of people living closely in this area in a concentrated space and increasing its population is referred to as urbanisation. 


This transfer of people usually come from mainly the rural areas and villages nearby. When they shift permanently from one place to another to earn a livelihood there is a shift in population. The urban areas become more populated and the rural areas become less populated. 


Even though their intention of the movement is to provide a better life, better home and opportunities for their children and families they often end up with not enough resources even for themselves. So the movement is usually good and more likely to be done when one is employed in an urban area. 


Although it is important to know that not everyone wishes to leave their village life and their hometown. Some actually happily prefer to stay back and work and look after their families. And others are nervous about a shift or a change and they do not take this leap or even after they shift they might not be able to get accustomed to the urban lifestyle so they return. And some do not abide by the values in the cities and do not change into the urban way of living or be modern. 


However, the urbanisation is only increasing because more and more people are coming to the cities, especially the metropolitan cities for better scope and earning. And anyway there is a shortage of space in the urban areas, this shift creates more problems and people become uncomfortable due to this. It is also quite a task to manage the expenses of cities because everything has astronomical prices. 


There are many advantages of urbanisation like more people work in companies, there is an increase in employment. This leads to an increase in GDP and adds to the increasing economy that is favourable to the company. The children of the moving families also receive a better quality education so the literacy rates increase. 


The living standards, however, may differ. The ones who are already leading a city life, have comfortable homes and facilities. And the ones who are newly starting life in an urban area must start from the lowest of the lows. And it is extremely hard to climb up the ladder in such bustling and competitive cities. But this doesn’t stop them from starting their lives and taking a chance for the sake of their families and providing them with better everything, food, home, school, education, transportation and a future to look forward to with many career prospects. And urbanisation will not see a decline any time soon.


Thank you.


Short Speech on Urbanisation

This type of speech on urbanisation is a brief overview of the topic and helpful information is provided for the students in grades 4-7.


Good morning everyone. I am here to talk about the topic that has an enormous impact on our country and is only rising for decades, Urbanisation. This is the change of one’s place from a rural area to a metropolitan city or urban areas. 


Urban areas are usually preferred by the people from the outskirts of that city or the villages because of better transportation, job opportunities, health care, education, housing, security, good social life and a better place in the society. 


People however must remember that there are many disadvantages to urban life as well like lack of privacy, pollution, overcrowding, higher cost of living, and when they are unable to manage expenses and lifestyle may have high chances of unemployment. And some people blissfully live their entire lives in villages with less pollution but toil hard to earn a livelihood and better education and healthcare facilities.


Therefore it is better to be very aware of the pros and cons and then make an informed decision. Urbanisation however is also a boon, if one is employed, that gives him/her a chance to create a better life for an entire family. On a national level, it means, the decline in unemployment, poverty, rise in economy and literacy. Urbanisation is one of the most crucial reasons for the development of the cities at this rapid rate and is not coming to a stop so soon. 


Thank you. 


10 Line Speech on Urbanization

This 10 line urbanisation speech is very helpful for students in grades 1-3 as they can easily understand in simple and short sentences.

  1. The migration of villagers or people in rural areas to cities and urban areas is called urbanisation.

  2. This step is taken by the people in the hope of a better life and a better future.

  3. It is not easy to survive in an urban area because it is expensive.

  4. Often people come for the purpose of employment and it gives them a better chance of making it big in life.

  5. They dream of a good future for their family and children, a good education and comfortable homes.

  6. Due to this shift, a rapid change is seen in the population decline in rural areas and quickly increasing in urban areas.

  7. Due to this increase, space shortage is a huge problem in cities and therefore the cost of living also increases.

  8. The ones who are rich can only afford them, others end up in the slums, the rich become richer and the poor become poorer.

  9. The people who shift might lose themselves and cannot cope up with many differences and attitudes.

  10. City life is cut-throat and everyone is only aiming to go high and achieve more even when it means stomping on anyone in their way.


From the time Humans left the nomadic life of hunter gatherers they have established themselves in the most resourceful places. In the past the major resources were water and fertile land and so the establishments were always around the river basin. This provided them with a good harvest and water for them and their livestocks. 

Over the time and ages the importance of other resources grew and so did the places of establishment for the Human. With time the society got created with people segregating work for people who produced and people who supported them by enabling them with the best possible environment. 

After ages Humans got advanced with science and started to use machines. With a machine came industrialisation. Big industries were set up which can produce things with more efficient methods. This provided a job opportunity to people other than producing goods manually. These job opportunities created an economic system and the economy was far stronger than the ones in conventional settlements.

This economy attracted people from all around into the modern cities. This process of people leaving rural areas to live in cities and urban areas is called Urbanisation. By definition the process is predominantly the creation of cities and towns and grows into bigger ones as people move in and start working in central areas.

With the increase in the economy in cities, the basic facilities improved in cities. It attracted more people and it just created a loop where the cities and towns grew up in a cycle. 

Before the 1950s the percentage of population in cities was only 15% which changed to mark a landmark in Human history in 2007 by touching 50% of the total population living in cities. Many studies have predicted that by 2050 64% of the population in developing countries and 86% of the population in developed countries will be living in cities and towns. With increase in infrastructure like better roads, railways, airports, hospitals, schools, communication infrastructure and job opportunities it is more likely that people will keep migrating from the rural areas to the urban areas.

In India there were only 11.4% of people residing in cities and towns in 1901 which changed to 28.53% in 2001. According to the world bank in 2017 the percentage of population living in urban areas increased to 34% with the world bank predicting the percentage will rise to 40.76% in 2030.

FAQs on Speech on Urbanization

1. How was Urbanisation  before Industrialisation?

In the pre Industrial era cities were mostly set up by the king and his vassals where people all around the kingdom came to do trade. This provided the opportunity for all merchants to find a suitable market for their products as well as it provided the place for people to explore and get their necessities. This also provided them with security. The bureaucracy has always been known to reside in cities where they would help the king with the administration of the kingdom.

2. When did Urbanisation start in India?

In India first traces of Urbanisation can be claimed to be started with Harappa and Mohenjo Daro. The Indian civilization started in these urban areas and there were chains of cities and towns built around the fertile Sindhu basin of Northern India. Many historians believe that the time spanned around 3000 years and ended near to 1500 BC. This culture spread across India and gave birth to what we know as it is. The end of this civilization is still a mystery for the historians.

3. Where can I find more about Urbanisation?

Vedantu has a lot of articles and notes prepared by the best teachers which will help you understand the whole concept of Urbanisation in the most interesting way. You can go through the analysis of every change in Human behaviour related to Urbanisation which are prepared by our faculty members. We have also provided you with the facts that you can analyse on your own to better understand the whole concept of Urbanisation. Sign up now and explore the new way of learning.

4. Can I use this in my speech on Urbanisation?

We in Vedantu try to provide a new and fresh perspective to all the topics our students might be interested in. Vedantu is a well established platform where you can find insights from best teachers from around India. All the data are verified and the materials published are well crafted by the team which will help you understand the topic better and you can create your own point of view from the facts provided. We would be really happy to know that we have helped you in preparing the topic for your speech.

5. What are the pros and cons of Urbanisation?

There are a lot of pros and cons to Urbanisation. Let us have a look at them.


  • Better job opportunities

  • Better overall infrastructure

  • Better time management

  • More opportunities in R&D

  • More efficient use of land

  • More productivity

  • Better communication connection (high data speed etc)

  • Multicultural attitude

  • More tolerant societya


  • More pollution

  • Overcrowding of cities

  • Traffic jams

  • Spread of disease

  • Higher stress

  • Littering

  • Waste management problems

  • Development of slums

  • Lack of natural spaces

  • Increase in property prices

  • High rate of homelessness.