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Waste Management Speech

Last updated date: 16th May 2024
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Long and Short Speech on Waste Management in India

In today’s time, waste management is a very important matter for our society. Waste generation is increasing day by day due to a continuous increase in the population of the world. Increase in waste management is affecting the lives of people also. For example, there are many waste disposal regions which are near the slum areas and the people living in those areas are being affected by it and are prone to many types of diseases. Therefore, for living a proper healthy life, waste management is much needed. 

Waste is just some type of product that is no longer in use and has come to an end. Often it is said that its life has been spent and that it will not be used anymore. It is the unwanted things people have thrown out of their homes. It is often referred to in other words as "garbage" and "trash." Here we have provided both Long and Short Speech on Waste Management in India and 10 lines for Speech on Waste Management so that students can refer to them as per their needs.


Waste management is a procedure in which unwanted garbage or waste is being dumped in a proper place and in a proper manner by disposing and recycling them to avoid any type of pollution so that people can live a good, healthy and disease free  life. To avoid contamination, waste should be dumped or disposed of in a proper place. Waste management helps people to avoid or eradicate those diseases which are caused by the waste or garbage. 

Waste management is considered to be one of the important and mandatory processes to avoid pollution, to avoid diseases which are caused by wastes and to care for the health of the people. With the increase in population, waste generation is also increasing. It leads to an increase in pollution which is an important issue to focus on.


Long Speech on Waste Management

Today, I am here to deliver a Speech on Waste Management In India. Waste management has been a major issue for many years, and since the era of industrialization in the world, this problem has evolved from time to time. It has many damaging environmental and atmospheric consequences. The gasses from these unmanaged waste are very harmful to the atmosphere, causing air pollution, which leads many people to suffer from respiratory problems. This unmanaged waste is one of the causes of global warming. Near the rivers or seas, several factories dispose of their waste in these water bodies and thus generate water pollution. They do not know that the disposal of such toxic waste, such as chemicals, etc., can lead to many diseases and can even be dangerous to creatures living underwater. 

The poor state of waste management is known to all of us, and there are hardly any places in the country that use the correct waste disposal system. Unmanaged waste that is not properly disposed of gives birth to a variety of diseases and emissions. There is an immediate need for better management of waste. 


Several concerns are resulting from the inefficient handling of waste. Water contamination is caused by the waste that is pumped into the water bodies. Many rural areas do not have access to sufficient toilets, and those with access to a proper drainage system, don’t maintain it well resulting in spills.


We need to follow proper waste management procedures to solve these problems. 

The definition of waste disposal or waste management is very clear. It means the substance that is used, excreted or unusable is disposed of. 


There are many ways of disposing of waste correctly and they are not harmful to the environment, such as-

(i) Recycling and reusing the usable portion of the discarded item;

(ii) landfills - To dump the everyday waste into the landfills;

(iii) combustion or incineration - To burn the waste material and convert it into gaseous items;

(iv) Plasma Gasification - To break down the molecular bonds of waste;

(v) Waste to Energy - To turn non-recyclable waste into useful products such as heat, electricity or fuel through various processes;

(vi) Composting - To convert biodegradable waste such as the kitchen or garden waste into nutritious food for plants;

(vii) Waste minimization - To break down the molecular bonds of the waste through the immense heat produced by the plasma that is an electrically charged gas.


These strategies will only be effective if we strive to initiate them in our everyday lives. If we want to do something about global warming, then this is a way to help as well.


Now it's time for us to do something about waste management. New waste disposal machines and technologies focused on municipalities should be created.


Short Speech on Waste Management in India

Today, I am here to deliver a Speech on Waste Management. With human population development, new places for human settlements and more factories are needed to meet the increasing population's basic requirements. To increase the degree of productivity, various means of cultivation are then introduced through the use of pesticides and fertilizers. So much more is being done to have a comfortable lifestyle. But do you know what our world earns in exchange for our everyday sustenance? Unfortunately, it's garbage.


Our domestic and industrial waste greatly affects the atmosphere and raises the amount of pollution. So, to minimize waste and handle it efficiently, a few things can be done. We should mainly ensure the garbage is thrown into the dustbin only and not elsewhere. And if the waste is a recyclable item, place it in the recyclable bin rather than in the trash bin. Let us make sure that both the bins are clearly labelled from our point of view. This will make it easier to minimize waste and recycle waste material for the next use while using it as a valuable resource.


In reality, so much old stuff, such as bags and jars, can be recycled at your homes; while broken products can be repaired to reduce waste. It can be very useful for our climate, to reduce the amount of soil, air and water contamination. By recycling old waste, we won't have to rely a lot on natural resources that have been drained by continuous use. Thirdly, it takes a lot of resources to use raw materials to furnish a new item than by recycling old ones. This will mean that we will become more efficient in terms of energy, conserve it and it will also aid in bringing down the cost of products.

10 Lines for Speech on Waste Management

  1. Wastes can cause air and water contamination, and decaying garbage releases toxic chemicals and gases that are absorbed into the air and causes pollution.

  2. Waste management is the method of mankind's disposal of waste for recyclable use.

  3. Municipal waste, which includes household and commercial waste from a city, is a large amount of waste that is processed.

  4. In ancient times, the population of the planet was very small because people mined the earth and buried their waste to dispose of their waste.

  5. Just 43 million of the 622 billion tonnes of waste have been processed, 11.9 million tonnes have been treated and 31 million tonnes have been dumped on large plots.

  6. The principal waste management process is to isolate the waste from its source and then recycle it.

  7. One of the major causes of waste is overpopulation in India, as population growth would lead to an increase in waste.

  8. This threat of waste has also been generated by rapid urbanization without proper planning as there is a major problem of throwing the trash.

  9. Waste treatment plants have been built to efficiently dispose of the waste; as a result, manures and energy are obtained from the waste by individuals.

  10. Many countries have developed these types of plants in which waste is transformed into manure and electrical energy is converted into other waste.

Importance of Waste Management

Waste management is one of the important methods for controlling pollution. It helps in reducing the effects of waste or garbage on the environment, people’s lives, natural resources etc. it makes our atmosphere friendly or we can say that waste management helps in making our surrounding positive. It also includes the reuse and recycling of many objects or resources like cans, papers, glass etc. 

There are a lot of things which need to be considered while managing wastes like methods of disposal, environment conditions, transportation of waste, recycling methods, etc. there are different types of waste like solid waste, liquid waste, gaseous waste and hazardous waste. All these need to be managed differently. Waste management can also be considered to be a method which helps in the cleaning of the environment. 

Categorization of Wastes 

Wastes can be categorized in two parts : organic wastes and inorganic wastes. 

Organic Waste - The wastes which can be decomposed easily in the soil and eventually become good fertilizers for plants and trees, are the organic wastes. Organic wastes include food wastes, green wastes, non hazardous wastes, etc. These wastes are good for the growth of crops. 

Inorganic Waste - The wastes which do not decompose or take years to decompose are the inorganic wastes. These are the waste which causes soil pollution. The main example of inorganic waste is ‘plastic’ as it takes a lot of years to decompose. Even during rainy seasons, the plastics used to get stuck in drains and sewages and cause flooding. In many places, plastics are being burnt which generates harmful gases which are injurious to human’s lungs. 

Methods of Waste Management

Waste can be disposed of through several methods and techniques. Some of them are - 

  • Recycling - The most important method for waste management is recycling. It is a more useful method among others because it doesn’t need any other resources and even utilizes the waste material. It converts the waste products into new products or we can say that it reduces the waste and useless materials. 

  • Landfills - It is considered to be the most common method of waste management. In this process, waste disposal is being done by burying the waste in the land which eventually decomposes over the years. 

  • Composting - Composting is an easy and natural way of waste management. It converts the organic waste into fertilizers. 


Now, you must be aware of what waste management is and its need. So should always throw the garbage in a proper way so that it can be managed and handled properly. It is our responsibility to contribute towards the management of waste so that our earth can be pollution free and become a green and healthy society. 

FAQs on Waste Management Speech

1. Why is waste management important ?

Waste management is considered to be important as it helps in making our environment better. It helps in the decrease of pollution which is one of the major threats to our environment. Wastes also affect the lives of many people especially those who live near the area of the waste dumping regions. Waste management helps in making the lives of people disease free which are being caused because of these wastes. It eventually helps in the betterment of the health of people. 

2. Why is it necessary to dump organic and inorganic waste separately?

It is very important to dump the organic and inorganic waste in separate dustbins because it helps in managing the wastes more properly which contributes towards reducing the environmental pollution. Organic wastes are biodegradable and can be disposed of easily. Whereas, inorganic waste doesn’t dispose off or if it does so, it takes years to do so. Hence, it will be easier and feasible to dump the organic and inorganic wastes separately. 

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