Before we dwell on personal and impersonal pronouns, let's reassess what pronouns are. A pronoun is a word that is used in the place of a noun. If we want to describe a person, the writing or saying that person's name in every sentence will look inappropriate and boring. There comes the role of Pronoun. For example, John is my classmate, and John is intelligent. So, instead of saying John is intelligent, we should use He is intelligent. The Pronoun is of different types, but two of its forms are Personal and Impersonal Pronoun.
The Pronoun used for a person, animal, and things is known as Personal Pronoun, like I, Me, We, Us, etc. Personal Pronoun is of three types and stands for three persons. The three persons are referred to as the following:
First Person- The person who is speaking. For example, when a speaking person denotes themselves using I, me, or them, It is a personal pronoun. They include words like me, my, mine, I, we, ours, us, our, etc. It is said to be the Pronoun of first-person.
Second Person- The person one is communicating to. While speaking or writing, if you repeatedly use the referring person name, it is not befitting. They include words like you and yours. It is called the second person pronoun.
Third Person- The third person pronoun refers to the Person talking about. It includes words like his, her, him, he, she, they, them, their, etc. The Pronoun of the third person has three genders feminine, masculine, and neutral. For feminine third-person pronouns, we use she, her, hers, etc. For masculine third-person pronouns, we use his, him, he, etc. The neutral third person pronoun is it, its, etc.
Example of Personal Pronoun, the pronouns are darkened:
My name is Ben, and I am a student.
All the chocolates are mine. Yours is finished.
You are a good person.
Sia is sad because she scored fewer marks.
Ryan likes cricket. He loves football too.
Kids have done their homework, and they are going to play.
Invite all of them to the party.
The possessive case of a personal pronoun has two forms. One includes words like my, ours, her and their, etc. Possessive adjectives or Pronominal adjectives. In this, the Pronoun acts as an adjective.
For example, This is my house. Here my is a possessive pronoun that describes adjectives for the house.
This house is mine. Here the word mine describes a simple possessive pronoun.
Your recipe is amazing. (Possessive adjective)
The recipe of yours is amazing. (Possessive Pronoun)
This is his clothes. (Possessive adjective)
These clothes are his. (Possessive Pronoun)
The Pronoun which describes or stands for a thing or verb or any nonliving thing but not for a person is the impersonal Pronoun. Sometimes we use it in case of undetermined gender, like for an insect or animal. For example, this Pronoun seems to stand for no person, but we use it to describe things, places, or verbs.
It is raining.
Here it describes the verb raining.
It is a tasty pizza.
Here it denotes pizza, a food item.
I did not see the bug, but it has stung me.
In the above sentence, the word is referring to the insect.