Political Parties Class 10 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 6 - PDF Download
Political Parties in one of the most important chapters in Political Science of Class 10. The Class 10 Ch 6 Political Parties Notes by Vedantu explains the role of political parties in India along with several other aspects that are relevant to the same. You can download the Political Parties Class 10 Notes PDF which will help you to understand the nature and functions of political parties in India. You will know about the regional political parties in India with symbols and leaders through the notes of Chapter 6 Political Parties.
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Why do We Need Political Parties?
They are bodies that help in the successful implementation of the ideals and principles of democracy.
They are a group of people, sharing similar ideals, come together to contest elections and hold a powerful position in the government.
They are the fundamental political division and have leaders, active members and followers.
In most democracies, political parties are the primary way to contest elections. The political parties put up candidates that are elected to form a government. The members of the party choose the person who needs to represent the party during elections.
Parties present their common ideologies as different policies and programs.
Parties play a primary role in making laws and policies for the country.
They are the primary units that form and run a government.
The parties that lose from the opposition government and keep a check on the government in control and power.
They also play a major role in shaping public opinion and provide access to the government machinery.
This provides the election procedure a shape and procedure. If political parties were absent every person would be independent and no proper policy decision could be made.
The elected person would be held responsible for the local area but for the whole country, no proper government would be present.
During panchayat elections too the village gets split up na deach puts forth a panel of its candidates.
How Many Parties Should We Have?
There are basically three types of party systems: one-party system, two party and multiparty system.
In many countries, only one party is allowed to control and run the government but it’s not a democratic option since there is no fair chance provided.
In two party system the power exchanges between two parties. Other parties can be present too but they are not provided majority share in legislation. Example: United Kingdom
In multi-party system, more than two parties have a reasonable chance of coming to power either on their own strength or alliance with other parties. In India, there were three such major alliances in 2004 parliamentary elections– the National Democratic Alliance, the United Progressive Alliance and the Left Front. Example: India
National Political Parties
Democracies that follow a federal system all over the world tend to have two kinds of political parties: parties that are present in only one of the federal units and parties that are present in several or all units of the federation. This is the case in India as well. There are some countrywide parties, which are called ‘national parties’. These parties have their units in various states. But by and large, all these units follow the same policies, programmes and strategy that is decided at the national level
Every party in the country has to register with the Election Commission. While the Commission treats all parties equally, it offers some special facilities to large and established parties. These parties are given a unique symbol – only the official candidates of that party can use that election symbol. Parties that get this privilege and some other special
facilities are ‘recognised’ by the Election Commission for this purpose. That is why these parties are called, ‘recognised political parties’. The Election Commission has laid down detailed criteria of the proportion of votes and seats that a party must get in order to be a recognised party. A party that secures at least six per cent of the total votes in an election to the Legislative Assembly of a State and wins at least two seats is recognised as a State party
Other than the six state parties, the rest of the parties are classified as ‘State parties’ by the Election Commission. They are also referred to as regional parties.
Parties like the Samajwadi Party, Samata Party and Rashtriya Janata Dal have national level political organisations with units in several states. Some of these parties like Biju Janata Dal, Sikkim Democratic Front and Mizo National Front are conscious about their State identity.
Since 1996, nearly every one of the State parties has got an opportunity to be a part of one or the other national level coalition government.
Challenges to Political Parties
There is a lack of internal democracy within parties and the power tends to concentrate in hands of one or few leaders within the party. There are few parties that are able to organised meetings with all the members of the party and hence ordinary members don’t get access to what’s happening within the party.
Since parties aren’t transparent with their procedures, it’s impossible for ordinary members to rise to the top. Only members who are close to the leaders or members owning authority have advantage over others.
There has also been an increase in misuse of money and muscle power which diverts the attention to just winning instead of following the principles of democracy.
The parties don’t offer a meaningful choice to the citizens. Often only famous and popular members are represented and many principles and promises are the same or presented with slight variation. For example, the difference between the Labour Party and the Conservative Party in Britain is very little. They agree on more fundamental aspects but differ only in details on how policies are to be framed and implemented.
How Can Parties Be Reformed?
In a recent amendment, an elected MLA or MP cannot change party or else they would lose their seat in the legislature.
The Supreme Court has reduced the use of money and criminals in elections by making it compulsory for every candidate to file an affidavit providing details of his property and criminal cases pending against him.
It is compulsory for parties to hold organisational elections and file their income tax returns.
It should be made mandatory for political parties to provide tickets to a minimum reservation of oppressed classes.
The elections should be state funded and the support could be provided in form of petrol, cash, paper etc.
What do You Mean by a Political Party?
A political party is a congregation of people who collectively participates in elections and exercises the power in the government.
Need for Political Parties
To answer the question why do we need political parties, we have to know the actual meaning of a political party. As discussed above when an assembly of people come together to participate in elections and hold power in the government it is called a political party. They come together with an agenda of some policies and programmes for the sake of society with an aim to endorse collective good. A political party is divided by three mechanisms:
The dynamic members.
These components of political parties hold good for all of the countries in the world.
Functions of Political Parties
The primary functions of political parties are the filling of political offices and exercising of political power. The functions of political parties include the following:
Elections are contested by the political parties.
Various policies and agendas are promoted by the political parties chosen by the voters.
Political parties play a quintessential role in structuring the laws of for a country.
Government is run and formed by the parties.
The losing side in the election plays the role of the opposition party in the Parliament or Legislative Assemblies. Opposition parties play a crucial role in the context of the role of political parties in India through raising voice against the political parties in power.
Public viewpoints are shaped by political parties.
One of the major functions of political parties is that people get access to the mechanisms and social welfare systems executed by the Government through the political parties.
The list of regional parties in India with symbols is given in the following table.
Regional Political Parties in India with Their Symbols and Leaders: will be updated soon
Did You Know?
There are several challenges which the political parties have to face in India. The challenges are as follows:
There is an insufficient level of internal democracy within the parties. There is an absence of regular conduction of internal elections, lack of organizational meetings and membership registers.
Functions of political parties are not always open and transparent. For this purpose, an ordinary worker cannot hold the post at the highest level. In most of the cases, the highest position of a particular political party is acquired by the members of one particular family.
The never-ending role of money and muscle power is one of the major challenges faced by political parties.
Sometimes it is very difficult for people to select one particular political party due to several issues.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. How can the Political Parties be Reformed?
One of the significant highlights of the Political Parties Chapter 7 is the reform of the political parties. The political parties can be reformed in the following ways:
Elected MLAs and MPs are prohibited from changing parties according to the amendment of the Constitution.
The Supreme Court of India passed a verdict to trim down the involvement of money and muscle power in the elections.
A significant law was passed by the Election Commission of India by making it mandatory for the political parties to conduct their organizational elections and submit their income tax returns.
Apart from that, the following steps can be implemented to reform the political structure of India:
The internal affairs of the political parties should be reviewed on a regular basis.
Women candidates should be given preference.
State funding for elections is also a very important aspect which must be adopted.
2. What are the State Parties of India?
Class 10 Chapter 6 Political Parties shows how there is a perfect blending of various significant ideas as far as the political scenario of India is concerned. Some of the major parties in India are classified as the ‘State Parties’ by the Election Commission of India. These parties include:
Biju Janata Dal.
Mizo National Front.
Telangana Rashtra Samithi.
Sikkim Democratic Front.
Apart from that, there are also several regional parties in India which play very prominent roles in the shaping of Indian politics.
3.What are various challenges faced by political parties?
There are various challenges faced by political parties:
They experience conflicts within themselves: It happens because it might be possible that one or two parties hold more power than others, so it creates conflict in themselves.
The succession rule: This is the problem with most of the parties as they choose one head and then their successors take charge after that. This restricts other ministers to take a chance to hold a higher position.
4. Suggest some reforms to strengthen parties so that they perform their function well.
Various reforms can be followed by the political parties to strengthen them so that they perform their function well:
Can increase women's representation: If parties want to strengthen themselves, they should increase the participation of women in their parties, as we already know that the majority of the ministers are men. Hence, by giving a chance to female candidates, these parties can stand out differently.
Not to promote people with criminal records: If the party will not accept people with criminal records as their members, they can create a strong image.
5. State various functions political parties perform in a democracy.
The functions which are performed by political parties are:
They introduce people with various policies which they promise to fulfill if they win the elections.
They give their strong points in law formation as when they are in power they make laws and when they are in opposition then they argue on the topics which they feel are not good in the proposed bill.
People get influenced by their ideologies. They play with people’s opinions and alter them as per their needs.
6. Is Chapter 6 of Class 10 Political Science difficult?
Nothing is tough if your fundamentals and concepts are crystal clear. With good concentration power, nothing seems to be that difficult. This chapter mainly talks about political parties, their functions, the power they hold, opposition, etc. In this chapter, you will find the things which political parties need to improve in themselves and how they can stand out differently by following some reforms in their contemporary working style like how with women’s participation their political party can improve its image.
7. Are Political Science Class 10, Chapter 6 Revision Notes useful?
Yes, the Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 revision notes are useful for students. These are the most important notes that must not be left by a student who is preparing for the Class 10 board examination. You can revise and crack this chapter thoroughly, by referring to the Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 revision notes provided by Vedantu. These notes are reliable and accurate and come in handy for last-minute revision before the Class 10 Political Science exam and are available to download free of cost.