CBSE Class 6 History Chapter 6 Notes - New Questions and Ideas

New Questions and Ideas Class 6 Notes History Chapter 6 - PDF Download

The Class 6th History Chapter 6 notes are very much useful for the exam and learning about different aspects of History. This Social Science Chapter 6 consists of Buddhism, Upanishads, Jainism and others. Learning about them will help you to understand how these religions work and their importance.  To make it more interesting, we also bring you new questions and ideas for Class 6th notes that will make the concept clear. 

The Class 6th History Chapter 6 notes shows kings like Mahajanapadas grew more powerful with new cities being developed and village life being changed. During this period, there was a change in people’s thinking process. These people were working to find the true meaning of life. Over history, the world, especially India has seen divine saints who changed the world. Buddha and Mahavir are the two most powerful people who attained enlightenment and spread the meaning of true life.


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CBSE Class 6 History Chapter 6 Notes - New Questions and Ideas part-1

Access Class 6 Social Science (History) Chapter 6 New Questions and Ideas Notes

Life Story of Gautama Buddha

  • The creator of Buddhism is Siddhartha. He was also known as Gautama.

  • Gautama Buddha was born around 2500 years prior. 

  • Buddha was from a little 'Gana' named Sakya Gana. He was a Kshatriya by birth. 

  • He ventured out from home at an early age to discover more information about the existence and its sufferings and check those.

  • Wandering for many years. In those years, he met and discussed with other thinkers in many places and was enriched by their knowledge. 

  • After an extended period, he finally found his way to enlightenment. Later, he meditated for several days under a Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya, Bihar. This stage in the life of Buddha Shakyamuni is called enlightenment. Afterward, he became enlightened and was named the Buddha or " Wise Man." 

  • The Buddha's next destination is Sarnath, near Varanasi. He taught his disciples in Sarnath for the first time.

  • The rest of the Buddha's life walked from one place to another. The only thing he did during this period was to teach people. 

  • His last breath was in Kushinagar. 

  • When Buddha Shakyamuni came, the social life of people changed significantly. Few of the kings of the 16th National Congress of Multiplication have reached the pinnacle of power. 

  • Some people are also trying to find the true meaning of life. 


Excerpts from the Buddha's Teachings: 

  • Buddha's teachings, a person's life is full of kinds of suffering and misfortune. The main reasons behind the misery and unhappiness are craving and desires. 

  • According to the Buddha, even if these wishes are fulfilled, people will not be satisfied. The Buddha described this particular concept as thirst or greed. 

  • The Buddha taught people to reduce or lessen their desires. 

  • Generosity and respect for others (including animals) is one of the central teachings of the Buddha. 

  • According to the Buddha's teachings, the lives in this life and the lives after death should be lives affected by human behavior. These actions are known as  karma. 

  • The Buddha's teachings have spread to all corners and corners of the country because they are taught in colloquialism, one of the languages most effortless for ordinary people to understand. 

  • The Buddha also introduced us to have self-esteem and self-evaluation. 

 

Upanishads 

  • Before the time of the Buddha, people were struggling to find answers to complex problems. People are curious about life after death and the reason behind the sacrifice. 

  • Most thinkers believe that there must be eternal souls after death. This particular phenomenon is called atman or individual soul and brahman or universe soul. They firmly believe that Atman and Brahman are similar. 

  • The thoughts of those thinkers are recorded in Upanishads. These are part of the Vedic texts that followed. 

  • Upanishad means "near, sit near." The dialogues of teachers and students are included in the text. Sometimes a very indulgent conversation represents ideas.

  • Generally, the thinkers of the Upanishads are men. More specifically, most of them are Brahman and Raja. 

  • There are few thinkers. One of the most important is Gagi. She is a famous apprentice and participated in court debates. 

  • Most of the debates and discussions do not allow the poor to enter. There is one exception. One of the best thinkers at the time was Satyakama Jabala, a wretched slave. It was taught by a brahmin teacher named Gautama. 

  • The famous thinker Shankaracharya put forward several essential ideas in the last part of the Upanishads. 

 

Jainism 

  • In the same period as Buddha Shakyamuni, the last of Jainism and the 24th generation Tirthankara, Vardhamana Mahavira delivered his discourse. 

  • He belonged to the Lichchhavi dynasty and was born in Kshatriya. Lichchhavis is part of Vajji Sangha.

  • At the age of 30, Mahavira left home and began living in the forest.

  • After twelve years of hardship and loneliness, he has attained enlightenment. 

  • He taught a simple doctrine that men and women should leave home to let people know the truth about their lives. 

  • Several famous terms used by Mahavira are "ahimsa,"  "all beings," "desire for life," and so on. 

  • Mahavira preached his doctrine in Prakrit so that ordinary people can understand his philosophy of Prakrit has 4,444 different names in different parts of the country. For example, Magadha is a colloquial expression used in Magadha. 

  • The followers of Mahavira are called Jainism. They lead a short life. They used to collect food by begging. 

  • Jains are very honest, and robbery is strictly prohibited. 

  • Jains obey celibacy; all pieces must be handed over by these people, including details of their clothes.

  • The Jainism Rules were complicated to follow. However, people left the house to get a new way of living for lessons. 

  • In general, merchants continued until the path of Jainism. But farmers could not follow him, where it would be difficult for them to let them free their desire. 

  • I preached Jainism in several areas of India, including Karnataka, Kited, Gujarat, Tamil Nard.  

  • Mahavira and its teachings transmit long-term oral administration. The format of Jainism preaching is located in Valabhi in Gujarat.  


Sangha 

  • Men and women who left home lived in a place together known as Sangha.

  • Buddhist sangha rules were written in, known as Vinaya Pitaka. This book told San has separate sectors for men and women 

  • He took a man and woman from Sanga in Meditation was one of the primary forms of main lives. Apart from that, there was a brief time to be able to organize the city and the village. The Mendigo was known as a place Bhikkhus. 

  • Several sects participated in Sanghas, including Brahmins, Kshatriya, merchants, Barbers, and Barbers. 


Monastery 

  • The monastery is the place of practice for Buddhist and Jain monks and nuns. Here are permanent shelters for monks and nuns. 

  • Another name for monasteries is Viharas. 

  • In the past, monasteries were made of wood. Later they were made of bricks. 

  • Wealthy merchants donated most of the land on which monasteries were built. 


Class 6th Social Science History Chapter 6 Questions and Ideas

The Origin of Buddhism 

Siddhartha, who is popularly known as Gautama Buddha, was born 2500 years ago and was the founder of Buddhism. He belonged to a small sect known as “Sakya Gana'' and was a “Kshatriya.” As he grew up to the age of young adulthood, he left all the comforts that belonged to him and started his journey in search of knowledge. His journey of enlightenment began when he started meditating under the Pipal Tree at Bodh Gaya. He later started teaching people in Sarnath which is near to Varanasi. He used to travel barefoot to teach people about life until he ended his journey at Kusinara where he breathed his last.

His teachings- He taught that life is filled with suffering and unhappiness. He also mentioned that no matter how much we get from life, we will be unsatisfied which is the “Tanha” that means “thirst.” To remove the constant thirst, he taught people to moderate the amount of thirst they possess. He asked people to focus on being kind, respecting the lives of others, even animals. He explained that if we do good we will get good in return and vice versa which is commonly referred to as “karma”.


The Upanishads

The “Upanishads” were the conversations between teachers and students. The teachers were dominated by Men especially Brahmins and Rajas. Women participated in various debates among whom “Gargi” is famous. The famous thinker “Sankaracharya” developed the Upanishads with his leads in the later time. 


A Brief View of Jainism

Vardhamana Mahavira was the last 24th “Tirthankara” of the Jain religion. Even he was a “Kshatriya” prince just like “Buddha.” Mahavira was a prince of Lichchhavis, a group that belonged to the Vajji Sangha sect. When Mahavira turned 30, he left his home and lived in the forest for 12 years after which he attained enlightenment. 

He taught that those men and women who wished to know the truth of life should leave their homes and must follow the rules of “Ahimsa” which means non-violence and not to hurt living beings. 


The Sangha

People who left their homes belonged to "Sangha." Vinaya Patika consists of rules written by Buddha. Men and women belonging to Sanghas group begged for food and were called "Bhikkus."


Monasteries

In the rainy season, people cannot travel to preach due to the problem with shelter. Both Buddha and Mahavira had a team of followers with them that included both men and women who would build temporary shelters in the gardens or caves in hilly areas. The permanent shelters were called “Monasteries” or “Viharas.” The viharas were made up of wood and brick. Buddhism over time spread all over the world. 

The continuation will be done in the 9th chapter of History. 


Download Class 6 Social Science History PDF

Students who are keen on learning Class 6 History Chapter 6 notes can download the PDF and PPT format. This allows students to learn easily and get a proper understanding. We have made the process of downloading easy on our site.

CBSE Notes for Class 6th History Chapter 6 notes are very much important for further studies as well. The Class 6th History Chapter 6 provides ample important information regarding Buddhism and Jainism, which is important from an exam point of view. Moreover, with the availability of new questions and ideas Class 6 notes make it easy to understand the concept. The CBSE notes for Class 6th History Chapter 6 are provided in PDF format which can be downloaded easily

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Who was the last Trithanakar of Jainism?

Lord Mahavir was the 24th and last Tirthankara of Jainism. As the vedics, Mahavira's predecessor, Parshvanatha lived for 250 years.

2. Which family does Lord Buddha belong to?

He was a Kshatriya and belonged to the sect “Sakhya Gana.”

3. Who taught “Ahimsa” and what does it mean?

Lord Mahavira taught “Ahimsa” and he asked his disciples to forbid him from causing harm or killing of living beings.

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