NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Chapter 5 - Panchayati Raj - Free PDF Download
In most Indian villages, an independent authority manages the working of the town and has the power of decision-making. The panchayat raj has been running for ages and follows age-old customs. Our subject experts have complete knowledge about this age-old system and design the Panchayati Raj Class 6 notes. These notes of functions of Gram Panchayat Class 6 cover topics like what happens when the representatives are elected by the people, what and how discussions are made, etc. By going through NCERT Solution Chapter 5 of Class 6 describes the Gram Sabha, students can learn and revise these topics.
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Panchayati Raj Class 6 Notes: Overview
Gram Sabha is the meeting of adults in the village and having the authority to hold the panchayat. In some states like Karnataka and others, there are different gram sabhas. The members of this sabha should be more than 18 yrs. old having the right to vote can be a member of Gram Sabha. The meeting of the Gram Sabha behind with the panchayat president and other members of the panchayat. All members from the gram panchayat elect the Sarpanch, who is also the panchayat president.
The Gram Sabha has the right to make the decision and play its role responsibly. Similarly, it has the right to stop the panchayat from doing anything wrong.
Gram Panchayat holds the responsibility to implement decisions for the town or village. The decision, which is approved by the gram sabha, is taken for the betterment of the town and town. Some of the responsibilities of gram panchayat include-
Constructing and maintaining water resources, schools, buildings, and roads of the village or town.
Executing government schemes and generating employment
Collecting of taxes in the town and marketplace
Donations for town community
Students while accessing these notes will get to know the functions of gram panchayat class 6 chapter 5.
Different Levels of Gram Panchayats
In rural areas of India, there are different levels of gram panchayats, which governs the working of the village for its betterment. The panchs hold the responsibility to answer the gram sabha and are the members of Gram Sabha elected them. There are two different levels- Block Level called Janpad Panchayat or Panchayati Samiti with many gram panchayats falling under it.
Above the Panchayat Samiti is the District Panchayat or the Zilla Parishad who holds the responsibility to make development in the town or village. The body also regulates money distribution among the gram panchayats.
Throughout chapter 5 of panchayat raj, students are given an understanding of how the body works and the laws that govern the body.
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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1: What are the Critical Functions of Gram Sabha?
Answer: Gram Sabha is a vital body that takes the majority of the village decisions. It is also responsible for the identification or selecting of persons under the poverty alleviation. Some of the critical functions of Gram Sabha are:
To implement the development decisions and schemes by the panchayat and the state government.
To identify beneficiaries who are eligible for the respective program or scheme. In case, if the gram sabha fails to do so, the gram panchayat will conduct the job.
To work and promote unity in the town and village among the people
To keep an eye on other essential matters bringing to the notice of the gram sabha
2: What is the Role of Sarpanch in Gram Sabha?
Answer: Sarpanch is the head and essential member of the gram sabha. He/she is responsible-
To take vital steps in ensuring more extensive participation of people
Sarpanch is accountable to take all measures that can keep harmony among the people and society
Should be unbiased when it comes to taking a decision
Should preside over the gram sabha and take essential decisions
Is responsible for answering the raised question by the gram sabha by the members.
3: What Powers are Given to Gram Sabha Under PESA Act?
Answer: Under 'The Provisions of the Panchayats' 1996 Act, there are certain powers given to the Gram Sabha. These include-
Safeguarding and preserving the traditions of the village people and their culture.
Approving of plans, programs, and projects for social and economic development before implemented by the panchayat at the village level.
Right to be consulted before the land acquisition or re-settling of the persons affected by such plans.
Complete right to manage minor water bodies in the scheduled areas.
Recommending grant of prospecting license or mining lease for minor minerals.