SGPT Full Form

Diving Deep into SGPT

In biology, sgpt stands for Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase. To explain the full form of sgpt in simple words, we can say that it is an enzyme that is created by the liver. It is now commonly known as Alanine aminotransferase (ALT). Though produced by the liver, its traces can be found in kidney cells, heart, pancreas, red blood cells, spleen, and the skeletal muscles. In these said locations, various concentrations of the enzyme can be found from moderate to low levels. The highest concentration of the sgpt acronym is found in the liver cell.

When is SGPT released into the body?

The target of the SGPT is any organ containing or producing ALT. If any damage has occurred on any of these organs, SGPT will be released into the blood. As the highest concentration is found in the liver, if the liver falls prey to any damage, the level of Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase i.e., the full form of sgpt, will rise from the normal level in the blood.

When should the SGPT level be tested?

Doctors recommend an SGPT acronym test when any liver damage is suspected or diagnosed. You get the test done in the following circumstances:

  •   Jaundice

  •   Vomiting

  •   Dark Urination

  •   Nausea

  •   Right upper abdomen pain 

Knowing about the level of SGPT in the blood:

The Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase, as we know is the full form in English, resides in the liver and, when produced in excess, will be released into the bloodstream by the liver or if any damage is detected. Pathology suggests that the normal amount of Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase, as you know, is the full form of sgpt in the blood should be around 7 to 56 units per liter of blood. Any unit indicating a higher level than the said level can be alarming and signify damage to the liver. It is noted that hepatitis and cirrhosis tend to increase the sgpt level in the blood.

What leads to a higher level of SGPT?

Apart from liver damage, there can be other factors that make the SGPT level in the blood go on the rise. A few of them can be listed as:

  •   Hepatitis

  •   Alcohol

  •   Diabetes

  •   Obesity

  •  Muscle Injury

So here we can conclude the full form and meaning hoping for your good health and happy life. Seek medical advice if you feel the need and abode by the doctor’s orders to heal sooner than ever.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1: What Does High SGOT Mean?

Ans: AST is also called SGOT (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase). A high AST level is a sign of liver damage, but it can also mean you have damage to another organ that makes it, like your heart or kidneys. That's why doctors often do the AST test together with tests of other liver enzymes.

Q2: What is the SGOT Normal Range?

Ans: The normal range of values for AST (SGOT) is about 5 to 40 units per litre of serum (the liquid part of the blood). The normal range of values for ALT (SGPT) is about 7 to 56 units per litre of serum.

Q3: Is SGPT Curable?

Ans: No treatment is required. But if SGPT is increased, a rare liver disease NASH may be diagnosed which is again an inherited disease with abnormal metabolism causing fatty liver where fatty foods would have to be permanently avoided. Blood tests for SGPT and bilirubin are enough to indicate liver damage.