Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
Store Icon

Speech on National Flag

Last updated date: 17th Apr 2024
Total views: 340.8k
Views today: 8.40k
hightlight icon
highlight icon
highlight icon
share icon
copy icon

An Introduction to Speech on National Flag

A piece of fabric mostly rectangular that contains a certain pattern, design, or symbol constituting it is coloured differently as a flag. When this country is associated with a nation it holds far more importance. Each colour signifies a certain history and there are reasons and meanings for the colours and everything that the flag holds about the country. Every country that is no longer ruled by another and is a free nation, has a flag that represents its heritage. Many take interest in learning about the flags representing a country across the globe. Vexillology is the term that is used to describe the study of flags for history and symbolism. In this National Flag Speech article, we will learn about the different ways to present a Speech on the National Flag, it can be a long or even a short one.

Long and Short Speech on National Flag

Long Speech on National Flag

This format of National Flag Speech is helpful for students in higher grades from 8-12 as they are organizers of many such national events in the school and this simple speech can come in handy.

Good morning everyone, Respected Principal, teachers and my dear friends, I am REB (mention your name) and I feel honoured to be here today to speak about the national flag. Now I am certain that we have all seen our national flag, it is a tri-colour with a navy blue chakra in the centre.

But did you know that every country has its own set of colours that are displayed in their national flags? And each colour symbolises a certain meaning and holds a value for the people of the respective country. 

As for our national flag, it is a rectangular fabric and horizontally coloured with saffron at the top the colour is also called Kesari, white in the middle and green at the bottom. A navy blue Ashoka Chakra with 24 spikes is placed at the centre. This triband is also called ‘Tiranga’ which means tri-colour. 

Pingali Venkayya, a freedom fighter and a Gandhian ideologist, designed our national flag. It was first adopted 73 years ago on 22nd July in the year 1947 by the Constituent Assembly of India. When we were a republican and the same year when we obtained our independence. It has since been referred to as the Indian National Flag. And is representative of our nation on the world stage. In 1921, the idea for a flag was first proposed to the Indian National Congress. 

The top saffron band denotes courage and strength that was exhibited by our young and new nation, the white band in the middle represents peace and truth. And the green band represents the growth, fertility as well as auspiciousness of our motherland. 

The most striking symbol in our national flag is at the centre and the middle of the white band. The symbol is the Ashoka Chakra or the Dharma Chakra. Chakra means a wheel that further reinforces the idea that change is the only constant and our lives like the wheel must move ahead because in stagnation lies death. And of the fact that India should embrace change instead of resisting, as that makes the dynamism more peaceful. 

This design of the chakra or the wheel is seen on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka or the Ashoka Pillar, with 4 lions on top, which is the National emblem of our country. Made during the Mauryan Dynasty by the emperor Ashoka- The Great. 

It is really interesting to see that our Indian National Flag has gone through numerous changes since it was first originated. It was recognised or discovered during our struggle for independence. The evolution of the Indian National Flag has drifted through various alterations to come up to its present stage. In one way, it shows the development in the nation. Here, I am going to describe the historical milestones in the evolution of the Indian National Flag.

The first unofficial flag of India has hoisted in Green Park or Parsee Began Square in 1906 Calcutta. It was composed of three colours- red, green and yellow. The red strip had a symbol of the sun and a crescent moon. The word ‘Vande Mataram' was written on the yellow strip. And the green strip had eight half-open lotuses.

The second flag (Berlin Committee Flag) was hoisted in 1907 Paris by Madam BhikajiCama and her band of exiled revolutionaries. This flag was similar to the first flag but had only one lotus at the top strip and seven stars denoting Saptarishi. This flag was also exhibited in Berlin at the Socialists conference.

In 1917, the third flag went up. LokmanyaTilak and Dr Annie Beasant hoisted it during the Home Rule movement. This flag had four green and five red horizontal strips arranged alternately, with seven stars imposed on it forming Saptrishi. The left-hand top corner had Union Jack and the other corner had a crescent moon and a star.

During the political session of the All Indian Congress Committee at Bezwada now Vijaywada in 1921, the flag had two colours representing two major religious communities in India. It had red colour representing the Hindu community and green colour for the Muslim community. Gandhi suggested adding a white strip in middle representing all Indian communities and a spinning wheel for showing progress in the nation.

In the history of the National Flag, the year 1931 was a landmark. Revolutionaries started adopting tricolours in the national flag. This flag was similar to the present flag. It had saffron, white and green colour along with a spinning wheel at the centre.

The Constituent Assembly adopted the previous flag as the National Flag of Free India on July 22 1947. However, the spinning wheel was replaced with Ashoka Chakra in the present national flag. 

Our National Flag also evokes a sense of patriotism, in every aspect of our country from its diversity in culture, rich heritage and history. There is no other country in the world as diverse as ours, and we must take pride in that. Unlike earlier when the use of our national flag was limited, today national pride can be expressed in many ways and many civilians do so by the use of Tiranga in our cars, homes, clothes and homes. Every time our flag is raised I am reminded of what a great country I was born into and our flag completely justify its representation. 

Thank you. 

Short Speech on National Flag

This short and simple National Flag speech is helpful for students in grades 4-7 as one can keep it brief and still convey all the important points of the topic.

Good morning everyone, respected principal, teachers and my dear friends, thank you for giving me this opportunity to deliver a speech on National Flag. A flag is specific to each country that can design in a way that displays the country’s history and what they stand for today. Every free nation has its own flag specific to its culture, tradition, history and heritage.  

Indian Flag is a tri-cloured flag also known as Tiranga, designed by Pingali Venkayya, a freedom fighter. And was adopted in our year of Independence 1947 on July 22. Our national flag, very thoughtfully designed, denotes the values our nation has adopted and will do so even in the forthcoming years.


The 3 bands are saffron at the top, symbolising courage and strength because of which our countrymen fought bravely for independence. The middle white band symbolises peace and truth with a Dharma chakra of Ashoka Chakra with 24 spikes enhancing the importance of movement and not resisting change which is the only way to grow. And the bottom green band denotes the fertility and the growth of a young nation like ours with untapped potential.  

Until the year 2005 after so many amendments in the act of using the national flag the ban or limitations were removed. And today one can freely use the national flag or its symbol in outfits, vehicles, offices and homes displaying national pride. I am proud of my country and the rich history and diversity it embodies.

Thank you.

10 Line Speech on National Flag

This is a brief National Flag Speech that will prove to be helpful for students in grades 1-3.

  1. The national flag represents the ideas, values and virtues of the citizens and the nation with which it moves forward.

  2. The flag was adopted in 1947 on 22nd July that was designed by a freedom fighter who was also a Gandhian Pingali Venkayya. Although it was in 1921 when the idea of a flag for the nation which was under British rule was proposed in the Indian National Congress Assembly.

  3. Every country has its own flag with meanings and symbols with colours they hold some value to.

  4. The Indian National flag is also called Tiranga indicating 3 bands of colours and a 24 spike Ashoka Chakra.

  5. The saffron or Kesari means courage and strength, it is the top band that is horizontally coloured a like the other two.

  6. Right below it in the middle is the white band symbolizing truth and peace that also holds a Dharma or Ashoka Chakra.

  7. The chakra or the wheel indicates that there is life only when one embraces change because once you stop you are stuck and stagnant that can only mean death or no growth.

  8. The green band at the bottom of our flag represents fertility, growth and the nurturing nature of our motherland, India.

  9. Salute to the leaders who brought us independence, and the national flag that will forever hold their legacy and our history intact.

  10. The Indian National Flag is a pride to all Indian citizens.

FAQs on Speech on National Flag

1. Estate code of conduct of the Indian National Flag.

Here are some do's and don’ts that every Indian citizen must know regarding the National Flag.

  • The saffron colour of the flag should be at the top when it is raised.

  • No emblem or flag should be placed either above the National flag or it’s right.

  • All other flags should be placed to the left of the National flag when they are hung in a line.

  • During marching, the National Flag is carried on the right-hand side. If there is a line of other flags, it is carried in the centre of the line.

  • Generally, the National Flag is flown on government buildings like the Rashtrapati Bhawan, the High Courts, and the Parliament House.

2. How many colours does the Indian National Flag have?

The Indian National Flag has three colours- saffron, green and white. It also has a wheel structure known as the Ashoka Chakra at the centre of the white stripe. This wheel has 24 spokes and is the symbol of progress and movement. The saffron colour is the symbol of sacrifice and courage, the white colour symbolises peace, purity and honesty. And the green colour is the symbol of life and prosperity. Due to the presence of three colours, the National Flag is also called “Tiranga”.

3.  Who found the Indian National Flag?

Mahatma Gandhi first found the flag at the Indian National Congress in 1921. The National Flag was designed by PingaliVenkayya.Venkaya's flag consisted of colours that were associated with two chief religions, green for Muslims and red for Hindus. LalaHansrajSondhi suggested the addition of a conventional spinning wheel at the centre of the flag which was associated with Gandhi’s mission of making Indians self-reliant by designing their clothes from local fibres such as Khadi. Later, Gandhi added a white stripe at the centre of the flag for displaying other religious communities.

4. Who first hoisted the Indian National Flag?

The first version of the Indian National Flag “Tiranga” was first hoisted by Bhikaji Rustom Cama at the International Socialists Congress held at Stuttgart, Germany. She was born on 24th September 1861 to an influentParsi family, Bhikaji. In her life, she organized and volunteered several movements against Britishers. Also, she worked for the uplift of society. She volunteered during the bubonic plague epidemic in 1896. During the flag hoisting ceremony at Stuttgart, she appealed for equality, human rights, and freedom from Britishers.

5. Which was the first Indian National Flag?

The first national flag in India has hoisted on 7th August 1906in the Parsee Began Square or the Green Park in Calcutta now Kolkata. The flag was composed of three coloured horizontal stripes- red, green, and yellow. Also, ‘Vande Mataram' was written in the middle of the flag. The flag was believed to be designed by freedom activists HemchandraKanungo and Sachindra Prasad Bose; the green strip had eight half-open lotuses. The red strip had a symbol of a crescent moon and a sun.

Students Also Read