National Constitution Day
Every year, the 26th of November is National Constitution Day or Samvidhan Divas. This day marks the adoption of the Indian Constitution by the Constituent Assembly in 1949. However, the Indian Constitution became effective on 26th January 1950. Every year, we celebrate Republic Day on 26th January.
Greetings to all. This is my opportunity to speak a few words about our nation's National Constitutional Day.
I am grateful to all of you for allowing me this wonderful opportunity to speak on Constitution Day, which is an extremely important subject. On 26 November 1949, the Indian constitution was adopted, which was a major milestone on the country's path to becoming an independent, sovereign republic. After coming into force on 26 January 1950, the Indian constitution was a legal document in India.
Representatives from across the spectrum of communities make up the constituent assembly, which reflects the diversity of our country. Our constitution makers took about two years to draft a comprehensive document that would reflect the current state of our country. India has been a successful democracy since its constitution was ratified more than a century ago, unlike many other countries that became independent at the same time.
Rather than being a collection of articles and schedules, the Indian Constitution goes far beyond that. In addition to establishing and empowering India's institutions of governance, it has other benefits. As a matter of fact, studies have referred to the constitution as a "Transformative Constitution," which means it is embedded with vision and reflection of the future. Until now, it has not been required to alter an article completely; rather, the law merely amends the article, so our constitution has been drafted after proper analysis and examination. For the constitution's drafting, complete credit belongs to an outstanding leader, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, who is also known as the father of the Indian Constitution. There are provisions in the bill that concern not just India as it now exists, but also social justice and economic justice for each citizen of India.
A fascinating fact about the Indian constitution is that it was enacted at the time of independence, when India faced enormous challenges, including safeguarding the lives and welfare of millions of people who had been displaced by the partition. In the face of violence and uncertainty, the Constituent Assembly drafted a Constitution that reflects the nation's exceptional diversity, spanning languages, races, castes, and classes. Several other nations contributed encouragement and inspiration to the Constituent Assembly during this challenging time.
There is an important lesson to be learned from our constitution-makers which is taking decisions with a lot of patience among people from diverse communities. I found it difficult to reach a consensus that supported all communities within our country. Our Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi, emphasized this very fact in his "Mann Ki Baat" motivational speech this very year, i.e. in 2018.
Because of these reasons, I am delighted to be able to speak today about our Constitution and how it is unique because of its openness to diversity, acceptance, and exploitation of intellectual traditions and lessons from around the world, and commitment to social welfare and uplift. It is important in today's times that we all respect our constitution religiously.
Good morning to all of you. Having the pleasure of speaking about National Constitution Day is an honour and a privilege for me. National Constitution Day had never been celebrated prior to 2015. Dr. BR Ambedkar celebrated his 125th birthday on November 26th, 2015, which is the constitution day in India. Our Prime Minister Narendra Modi made this day a national holiday.
The 15th of August 1947 marks the date of India's independence. We celebrate Republic Day on 26th January because that is when the Indian constitution came into effect. Did you know that the constitution of India was a product of Indian history? Representatives from several fields were voted into the constitutional assembly. There were four notable members: Dr. B.R Ambedkar, Jawaharlal Nehru, B.N Rau, and Sardar Vallabhai Patel.
The constitution was adopted after 166 days of meetings by the constitutional assembly. On January 24, 1950, the members of the constitutional assembly signed two copies in Hindi and English. The Indian constitution took effect on January 26, 1950, and became the supreme law of the land. India celebrates Constitution Day every year to commemorate this momentous occasion. Dr. B R Ambedkar is also commemorated on this day.
Constitutionally, India is a democratic, socialist, secular, sovereign republic. In addition to the guarantees of justice, equality, and liberty, this Constitution also promotes fraternity among Indians. Besides establishing the guidelines for the government structure, procedures, and powers, the constitution of India stipulates the fundamental rights, central principles, and duties of citizens towards their country.
Students celebrate the constitutional day in schools and colleges to raise awareness regarding the constitutional importance of our daily lives.
10 Lines About Indian Constitution Day Speech
The constitutional day is celebrated every year on 26th November to honor the adaptation of the constitution of India.
The constitutional day is also called National law day or Samvidhan Diwas.
Dr BR Ambedkar is also known as the Father of the constitution.
In the year 2015, our Prime Minister, Narendra Modi marked November 26 as the constitution day in India to celebrate the 125th birthday of Dr. BR Ambedkar.
Constitution day aims to celebrate the significance of the Indian constitution.
It is the day that celebrates the life of Dr. B R Ambedtkar was is considered to be the architect of our constitution.
The constitution declares India a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, republic. It guarantees the Indian citizens justice, equality, and liberty and endeavors to promote fraternity.
The constitution of India lays down the framework for the political code, structure, procedure, powers, and duties of the government bodies.
The constitution of India is the longest written constitution of any country.
The constitution of India provides the fundamental rights, core principles, and duties of the citizens towards the country.
FAQs on Speech on National Constitution Day
1. When is Constitution Day celebrated?
Every year, on 26th November, we celebrate Constitution Day or Samvidhan Divas, the day on which the Indian Constitution was adopted. As of 26th January 1950, the Constitution of India came into effect after the Constituent Assembly of India adopted it on 26th November 1949.
2. How do We celebrate the Constitution?
Constitution Day will be celebrated in Parliament. Parliament and Vigyan Bhawan will also host celebrations honouring Prime Minister Narendra Modi. On Friday, PM Modi will launch the two-day celebrations of Constitution Day, which will take place at Vigyan Bhawan at 5:30 pm.
3. What is the Significance of the Indian Constitution?
India's Constitution (IAST: Bharatiya Samvidhana) is its supreme law. In the document, a framework is outlined, which describes the fundamental tenets of government, its scope, procedures, powers, and responsibilities, as well as the fundamental rights, directive principles, and responsibilities of citizens.
4. What are the Three Purposes of a Constitution?
First, it establishes a national government with three branches: a legislative branch, an executive branch, and a judicial branch, all of which have checks and balances among them. The second purpose of the Constitution is to divide power between the states and the federal government. The third purpose is to guarantee individual liberties.