To preserve peace and justice, each nation has certain sets of rules for its people to obey. These rules describe that country, and together they form that nation's constitution. The rights to equality, the right to citizenship, the right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights, the right against exploitation, the right to constitutional redress are the basic rights of Indian people.
Here we have provided both long and short speech on the Constitution of India for students of Class 5 to 12 along with 10 lines for the Constitution of India speech for students of Class 1 to 4.
Long and Short Speech on Constitution of India
Long Speech on Constitution
Today, I am here to deliver a speech on the constitution of India. Like any game with some rules of its own, each state has a constitution of its own. Football has one set of rules, and there is a separate set of rules for cricket. Such laws for the government are called the constitution. These laws are there to repair the supreme government's framework. Every state must have a constitution, because, on the basis of certain rules and principles, every state works.
A constitution is, in the broadest sense, the basic set of rules regulating an organized group's affairs. Thus, under the terms of a formal written document called the constitution, a parliament, a church, a social club or a trade union can act. It is considered that the provisions made in the constitution are fundamental. So a club's presiding officer must hold that if it runs counter to the rules of its constitution, a plan is out of order.
For the purpose of running its important institutions according to a certain fundamental body of law, every nation-state has a constitution. In that sense, a jungle life or a state of chaos is the only alternative to a constitution.
India's constitution became effective on January 26th, 1950, although it was adopted on November 26th, 1949 by the Constituent Assembly. A drafting committee, led by Dr B. R. Ambedkar, wrote it. It is the longest written constitution that describes the strength, processes and responsibilities of India's government institutions and provides a comprehensive account of the people of our country's fundamental rights and responsibilities.
It was originally handwritten, calligraphed and also the longest Constitution in the world. India's Constitution is the supreme law drawn up by the Constituent Assembly of India, superior also to the Parliament since it does not circumvent it. India's status from "Dominion of India" was changed to the "Republic of India" with the Constitution coming into effect.
The basic rights and duties of people, the Directive Principles of State Policy and the Federal Framework of the Government of India are included in the Constitution of India. In the Indian Constitution, every policy, right and obligation have been clarified at length, making it the world's longest written constitution.
To get it approved, more than 2000 amendments had to be made to the Constitution of India. January 26th, 1950 was the day when the Republic of India began to be recognized as our land. Since then, January 26th has been celebrated as Republic Day. At different locations around the world, the Indian National Flag is hoisted and the National Anthem is sung to rejoice in the day. In 2015, National Constitution Day, a special day particularly dedicated to the Indian Constitution, came into being.
Short Indian Constitution Speech
Today, I am here to deliver a speech on Constitution of India. After a long period of debates and discussions, members of the Indian people framed the Indian Constitution, which stands for national objectives such as Democracy, Socialism, Secularism and National Integration. It is the world's most comprehensive constitution. No other constitution like the Indian Constitution has gone through such minute details.
A Constituent Assembly, which was formed in 1946, framed the Constitution of India. The elected President of the Constituent Assembly was Dr Rajendra Prasad. To draft the Constitution, a Drafting Committee was named. The Chairman of the Drafting Committee was appointed by Dr B.R. Ambedkar.
For 166 days, spread over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 days, the Assembly convened. On November 26th, 1949, the Constitution was approved. On January 26th, 1950, it came into effect. Any of the excellent characteristics of the British, Irish, Swiss, French, Canadian and American Constitutions were integrated into it.
India's Constitution begins with a preamble containing the constitution's core values and principles. It sets out the goals of the Constitution's structure. 395-Articles and 12 schedules are in the Constitution. A number of accepted amendments have also been part of this Constitution.
India is proclaimed to be an Independent, Secular, Socialist, and Democratic Republic by the Constitution. India, at the same time, has federal characteristics. The government's powers are distributed between the central government and the state governments. The Constitution divides the powers of the central and state governments into various lists of topics.
Such lists are known as the Union List, the State List, and the Concurrent List. An autonomous and impartial judiciary as provided for in the constitution and the Supreme Court is the country's highest court. Disputes between the people and the government are determined by it. The Constitution provides for the creation of the governing parliamentary form.
10 Lines for Constitution of India Speech
In India, the Indian Constitution has supreme judicial meaning.
On November 26, 1949, it was adopted by the Constituent Assembly.
It is the world's oldest published constitution.
India's Constitution is a living text, since it may pass through amendments.
As an Independent, Socialist and secular Republic, it declares India.
Our constitution professes equality among people of opportunity and fraternity.
After 104 changes, it currently has 448 papers with 12 timetables.
B. The chairman of the drafting committee was R. Ambedkar.
Every citizen of the nation has been granted certain fundamental rights by our constitution.
The basic rights of caste, faith, community, language or any other distinction are indifferent. The Constitution guarantees every citizen of India justice, equality and freedom.