Republic Day Speech

Introduction

Republic day is near and our country is preparing to celebrate the occasion on 26th January. This year, India will be celebrating the 72nd Republic day. India got its independence on 15th August 1947 and did not have its own constitution until 26th January 1950. Republic day honours the day when the constitution of India came into effect. All the schools and colleges across the country are preparing to celebrate this national event on the 26th of January. Various competitions are held and one of them is given a speech on Republic day. A long speech on republic day of 500 words and a short speech on republic day of 300 words is given below.


Republic Day Speech

Good morning to everyone who is present over here on the prosperous occasion of republic day. Republic day is celebrated every year on the 26th of January, this year India will celebrate its 72nd Republic day.


Republic day is celebrated to remember the historic moment when our nation became an independent republic country. As we all know that India got its independence on 15th August 1947 and the country didn’t have its own constitution, instead India was governed by the laws implemented by the British. However after many deliberations and amendments, a committee headed by Dr. B.R Ambedkar submitted a draft of the Indian constitution, which was adopted on 26th November 1949 and officially came into effect on 26 January 1950.


On the same day, Dr Rajendra Prasad also began his term as the first President of India. And the Constituent Assembly became the Parliament of India under provisions of the new Constitution.


Ever since Independence, the main celebration of Republic day has been held at the national capital, New Delhi at the Rajpath in the presence of the President, Prime minister, and other high-ranking officials of India.


As a tribute to India, on republic day ceremonial parades take place at the Rajpath. The celebration begins from the gates of Rashtrapati Bhavan followed by Raisina hill on the Rajpath past the Indian gate is the main attraction on Republic day. After the ceremonial parade, there is a presence of various dignitaries like the President, Prime minister, and other higher government officials at the Rajpath.


Every year as a part of celebrations, India has been hosting guests of honour, that could be the head of the state or government of other countries for republic day celebration at the capital. This has been the case since 1950, for example on 26 January 2015 the former president of the united states of America Barack Obama was the guest of honour on republic day. Sadly due to the covid outbreak, there won’t be any guest of honour for the 72nd republic day celebration.


The flag hoisting ceremony at the Rajpath in the national capital takes place mostly at 8.am which is followed by a Republic day speech by the President and a republic day parade.


Republic day march is considered to be an eye-catching element of the festival and it showcases Indian cultural and social heritage. It also showcases the Indian Defence Capability. Nine to twelve different regiments of the Indian Army, Navy, and Air Force, accompanied by their bands, march in all their official decorations. The President of India, who is the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces, takes the salute.

 

On this prestigious occasion the heroes of our country, the soldiers are not forgotten. Prestigious awards will be given away to the martyrs and the heroes who have dedicated their lives to protect the country at any cost.


Republic day is celebrated in every school, college, and office with great enthusiasm and energy. In schools, various competitions are held which include dancing, singing, and giving a republic day speech.

 

But beyond it all, the constitution declares that India is a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic. It assures its citizens’ justice, equality, liberty, and fraternity. It also gives us our rights and duties as citizens. On this Republic Day, I hope that no matter who we are, rich or poor, a powerful politician or a regular citizen, we continue to respect these basic principles and values given to us by our amazing constitution. So that, as we move forward and continue to build this nation, we do not leave behind the foundation on which our country is built.

  

I wanna end this speech by saying that India is a democratic country. The citizens living in a democratic country enjoy the privilege to elect their leader to lead the country.


Although we have seen a lot of economic improvements and success as a country, we still have many hurdles in our paths, such as poverty, unemployment, pollution, and the last two years - COVID. It is our duty as citizens to face these challenges and come out stronger on the other side.

 

So one thing we all can do is to promise each other that we will become a better version of ourselves so that we could contribute to solving all these problems and making our nation a better place. Thank you, Jai Hind.


Short Speech on Republic Day

Good morning to everyone who is present here on this auspicious occasion. All of us are here to celebrate the 72nd republic day of our country today. I am obliged and honoured to give a speech on republic day. Republic Day, celebrated every year on 26th January has a special significance in the history of India. To make the event memorable the national event is celebrated every year with a lot of joy, happiness, and pride in our hearts. As we know on 26 January 1950, the Indian constitution came into effect and so from that day we the people of India constantly praise it as the Republic Day of our country. We all know that India got independence on 15 August 1947 but the nation didn’t have any constitution of its own. However, after many discussions and considerations, a committee headed by Dr. BR Ambedkar submitted a draft of the Indian constitution which was adopted on 26th November 1949 and officially came into effect on 26th January 1950.


I wanna end this speech by saying that India is a democratic country. The citizens living in a democratic country enjoy the privilege to elect their leader to lead the country. Although there has been a lot of improvement till now, it can also be said that we have been facing a few problems such as pollution, poverty, Unemployment, etc. One thing we all can do is to promise each other that we will become a better version of ourselves so that we could contribute to solving all these problems and making our nation a better place. Thank you, Jai Hind.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. How Many Years of Republic will we Celebrate in the Year 2021?

In 2021, the people of India will celebrate their 72nd republic day as it is considered from the 26th of January 1950.

2. Who was the President of the First Republic Day?

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first president of the country so he was the president of the first republic day.

3. Who will be the Chief Guest of the 72nd Republic Day?

Sadly due to the outbreak of covid-19 there, won’t be any chief guest this year at the 72nd republic day celebration.

4. How did republic day come into being?

After India’s independence on 15 August 1947, India did not have its own constitution. On 29 August 1947, a resolution was moved to appoint a drafting committee (which had members elected by the elected members of the provincial assemblies) to draft a permanent constitution. Dr BR Ambedkar was appointed chairman of the committee, which had 308 members.

 

The Assembly met for 166 days, 11 months and 18 days, spread over a period of two years, before the Constitution was officialised. These sessions were open to the public. After many deliberations and modifications, the Assembly signed two hand-written copies, one each in Hindi and English, of the document on 24 January 1950.

 

Two days later, on 26 January 1950, it came into effect as the constitution of India. On the same day, Dr Rajendra Prasad also became the first President of the Indian Union, as his term in office began that day. Also, the Constituent Assembly became the Parliament of India under the transitional provisions of the new Constitution.


So, while India's Independence Day celebrates its freedom from British Rule on 15 August 1947, it celebrates Republic Day on 26 January, as the constitution came into force on this day.

5. What is the constitution of India?

The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. The document lays down the framework demarcating the fundamental political code, structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions.

 

It is the longest written constitution of any country (after the Constitution of Alabama) at 145,000 words. At the time of its enactment, it had 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules. It has a preamble, and 470 articles in 25 parts. It has been amended 104 times since its inception, with the most recent one coming into effect on 25 January 2020.


It also sets the fundamental rights, directive principles, and duties of citizens. The six fundamental rights recognised by the Indian constitution are the right to equality, the right to freedom, the right against exploitation, the right to freedom of religion, the right to culture and education, and the right to constitutional remedies. 


The fundamental duties were amended from 6 to 11 in 2002. Here are the six duties mentioned in the original constitution:


  • To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem.

  • To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.

  • To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.

  • To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.

  • To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities, and to renounce practises derogatory to the dignity of women.

  • To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.

The constitution imparts constitutional supremacy and the Parliament cannot override it. The constitution declares India a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic, assures its citizens’ justice, equality and liberty, and fraternity.

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