Kinds of Preposition

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What is a Preposition?

Sentences will not make any sense if prepositions are not present. Basically they indicate the relationship between the noun and the other words in the sentence. They show the relationships of sequence, space, and logic between the object and the rest of the sentence. They help us understand the order, time, connections and position.

We use a preposition to relate a noun or a pronoun to some other word in the sentence. 

For example, in the sentence, “The players on the field are tired.”

The preposition “on” shows the relationship between ‘players’ and ‘field’.


Examples of Preposition

  1. Seema went to the mall.

“To” is a preposition which shows direction.


  1. What is the time by your watch?

“By” is a preposition which shows manners. 


  1. They arrived at the airport. 

“At” is a preposition which shows time.


  1. The bag is under the table.

 “Under” is a preposition which shows place.


Kinds of Preposition

  1. Single Prepositions

Prepositions which contain only one word are known as Single Prepositions. For eg- on, at, in, to for, of, from, up, etc.

  • He was in the hotel for the party.

  • She bought the gift for her son.

  • The postmen left the parcel at the door.


  1. Double Prepositions

When there is more than one word of prepositions present, it is known as Double preposition. For eg- Upto, within, etc.                                                                                     

  • Compound Preposition: Compound prepositions consist of two or more words.

For Example

  • Participle Preposition: Participle preposition consists of words that end in “ing”. These are verbs which act as a preposition.

For Example

  • She talked regarding the social structure.

  • Considering the fact that it is cloudy, it might rain tonight.

  • Everyone attended the royal wedding, including the celebrities. 


There Are Also Types of Prepositions on the Basis of the Functionality

  1. Preposition of Time

This kind of preposition indicates when it indicates the time factor in the sentence. Pointing out an action which happened, happens or will happen in the future.

 Example

  • Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd of October.

  • I will reach there after sunset.

  • Hope we can reach there before sunrise.

Certain Rules To Follow

Use in for

Years, months, centuries, time of a day and seasons.

Use on for

Days, dates and specific holidays.

Use at for

Time exceptions and festivals.


  1. Preposition of Place 

These kinds of prepositions are used to indicate a place or position. The most interesting thing is that the prepositions used in this are also in, at, on, which were used for time prepositions as well. But, there is nothing very you can easily understand about how to place them.

Examples

  • Book is on the table.

  • The bag is in the cupboard.

  • We like books at the bookstore. 

On 

When we use a preposition for a surface.

In

When we use to refer something inside

at

When we refer to a specific point


There are other prepositions of place as well like, Outside, inside, under, over, near.


  1. Preposition of Movement

This preposition indicates the direction in which someone or something is moving. The most common preposition used is to.

Examples:

  • We are going to the railway station.

  • David went to the beach every day for a morning walk.

  • He jumped into the swimming pool.

Some other examples are- Across, through, into, over, down, up, past, around.


  1. Prepositions of Manner

These prepositions describe the way anything happens or any means by which it happens.  Few such prepositions are by, like, in with and on.

Examples:

  • Children go to school by bus.

  • We went to a movie in a taxi.

  • He played football like champions.


  1. Prepositions of Measure

These kinds of prepositions show the quantity of something with someone or something.

Two main prepositions are by and of.

Examples:

  • The Shopkeeper sells the cloth by metres.

  • Richard bought four kilos of tomatoes for a soup.


  1. Preposition of Source

Preposition of source demonstrates the source of something or someone. 

Examples:

  • She was paid a scholarship by her college for all her semesters.

  • All the love the child received was straight from his mother’s heart.


  1. Preposition of Possession

This preposition shows that something or someone belongs to something or someone. Such as of, with and to.


Some Examples

  • I saw her with a black dress.

  • This burger joint is of a well known political leader.

These are the kinds of prepositions and practising more exercises will make you the master of Prepositions. 

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is Preposition of Measure?

This preposition can be used while describing the quantity of something with something. 


For Example

The milkman sells milk by litres.

We bought dozens of vegetables for the curry.

2. What is the Difference Between Single and Double Preposition?

Prepositions with single word are known as a single preposition and the ones with the more than one word are double prepositions.