Preposition of Agency or Instrumentality

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Preposition of Agent

Preposition of Agency also known as Instrumentality is defined as a description of words usually placed before a Noun or a Pronoun to show the cause of the relation between the terms and elements in a sentence. The other features in the sentence can either be a Noun, or Adjective, or a Verb. However, different prepositions are often used by various instruments, machines, or devices. 

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Agency or Instrumentality prepositions are commonly used to describe a thing which is the reason or the cause of another thing that occurs in the sentence. The most common use of Preposition of Agency or Instrumentality is through the words - "by, with", etc.

Example - This book is written by William Wordsworth.


Preposition of Agent Examples

A few common examples of Preposition Of Agent or Instrumentality are as follows

  • The poem Odyssey was written by Homer

  • Ramesh was hit by the ball while playing cricket.

  • I can write better with my lucky ballpoint pen

  • The Autumn project was completed by Suresh

  • Dr Jart opened the door with a hairpin

  • Timmy is going to England next week with his girlfriend

  • The outstanding literary poem daffodils was written by William Wordsworth

  • The Rosewood resort is being decorated by Hannah

  • You cannot play soccer without a ball

  • Derek was elected as the secretary by the Literature committee

  • Eileen’s heart was filled with gratitude

Preposition of Agency or Instrumentality:

Prepositions of Agency or Instrumentality are usually used to connect the doing and the doer, basically building the connection between the noun and the verb. Agent or Instrumentality plays the role of a connector or something that makes something happen. This connection means that Preposition of Agency or Instrumentality is words that are usually placed in a sentence to fulfil the purpose of placing an agency in a sentence.

Let's understand how preposition of agency or Instrumentality works and which words do they state and how:

1. By-

The preposition 'By' is usually used to represent the action that a person is doing. Let's see a few examples of how to use the preposition of agency 'by' and understand them in simple words- 

  • My father constructed the Reeves food store- This sentence states that a person did a doings- that is, the construction is the action that took place, and the father is the noun, thus, the preposition 'by' connects the noun and the verb to show the relationship between them. 

  • Harry Potter was written by J.K. Rowling.

  • The most acclaimed song 'Something' was written by none other than Sir George Harrison.

  • The red and white striped sweater was knitted and presented for me by my grandmother

2. With-

The preposition of agency or instrumentality 'with' is usually to represent the doing or action of a thing. Let's see a few examples of how to use the preposition of agency 'with' and understand them in simple words- 

  • Melissa and Spencer drove away from the flies with the repellent spray- This sentence states that the doing was done with something- that is, the words drove away is the action that took place. The repellant spray is the noun. Thus, the preposition 'with' connects the noun and the verb to show the relationship between them. The purpose of the preposition 'with' here is a representation of the agent. The action for Preposition of Agency.

  • Ronald flushed out the dirt from the terrace using a water pipe - This sentence states that action or the verb here is flushed out, while the noun is the water pipe. Preposition of Agency is an act done using a noun, water pipe and the word that represents the agency through the use of the preposition 'with'.

  • Anita chopped the onions with a knife. Alternatively, a juggle can occur between places where "with the help of" phrase can be replaced by the preposition 'with'. 

Conclusion on Preposition of Agency or Instrumentality

Students can infer that the same words can be used in most kinds of prepositions like agency or Instrumentality or time alike. The critical difference between the prepositions lies in the sole purpose of the use and understanding of the preposition.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. State What is the Preposition of Agency or Instrumentality with Suitable Examples.

A Preposition of Agency or Instrumentality describes a thing or a person that has caused or is still causing something to occur. Preposition of Agency or Instrumentality plays a vital role as it connects the relationship between the noun and the action taking or taken place. This means that Preposition of Agency or Instrumentality is prepositions that are usually placed in a sentence to fulfil the purpose of placing an agency in a sentence. The preposition of agency or Instrumentality are generally written in passive sentences and employ the prepositions ‘with’ - while describing things and ‘by’ - while describing people,

For example- The mansion was built by the four siblings is written in a passive voice and The four siblings built the mansion is written in an active voice.

Emily's heart is filled with Emotion and is written in a passive voice, and Emotion filled Emily's heart is written in an active voice.

Q2. Describe the Use of Prepositions of Agency 'by' in a Sentence.

The preposition 'By' is usually used to represent the action that a person is doing. Let's see a few examples of how to use the preposition of agency 'by' and understand them in simple words- 

The Reeves food store was constructed by my father- This sentence states that a doings or action done by a person- that is, the construction is the action that took place, and the father is the noun, thus, the preposition 'by' connects the noun and the verb to show the relationship between them.e 

Harry Potter was written by J.K. Rowling.

The most acclaimed song 'Something' was written by none other than Sir George Harrison.

The red and white striped sweater was knitted and presented for me by my grandmother.