It is crucial to have a strong base in English grammar in order to be well versed in the global language. Speaking about grammar, one must have a clear idea about the basic English grammar rules. Now, what is grammar? It is often a very tricky question for many the answer to which, on the contrary, is not very difficult if you make it a habit of learning English grammar step by step. Here we will be giving you a quick glance at the important aspects of English grammar.
When teaching English grammar for kids, the basic step is to introduce parts of speech into the curriculum. The purpose of knowing parts of speech is to understand how a word is used in a sentence. In English grammar, there are nine major parts of speech; these are- Noun, Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Adjective, Preposition, Conjunction Interjection, and Articles.
There are certain rules on how one can use them in a sentence. The main types of nouns are Proper Noun (the Taj Mahal), Common Noun (flower), Collective Noun (a shoal of fish), and Abstract Noun (kindness).
Pronouns are further defined by type: Personal, Possessive, Intensive, Indefinite, Demonstrative, Interrogative, Intensive, Reflexive, and Reciprocal. Examples- she, it, mine, them etc.
There is a main verb and sometimes one or more helping verbs. Example- "I will eat rice." Eat is the main verb and will is the helping verb. A verb must agree with its singular or plural subject in number. Verbs also take different forms to express tense. When the main verb is followed by an adverb or a preposition the complete phrase together with is known as a phrasal verb. Examples- stand up, fall out, etc.
Adjectives can be of different types like Proper, Descriptive, Quantitative, Numeral, Demonstrative, Distributive, Interrogative, and Possessive. One can use them differently to emphasize the degrees of comparison i.e. positive, comparative, and superlative degrees. For example: good, better, and best.
Adverbs can be of frequency, manner, place, time or degree. For example: extremely, daily etc.
Conjunctions can be coordinating, subordinating, and correlative.
The article “the” happens to be definite, while the articles “a” and “an” are indefinite.
A sentence always contains one subject and an action. Lacking any one of them either makes it a sentence fragment. For example: “today morning” is not a complete sentence but a fragment. There are two voices of the transitive verb when it comes to basic English learning:
Active Voice: There is a straightforward relationship between the subject and the verb where the subject performs the action.
Example: She loves to dance.
Passive Voice: The subject here receives the action of the verb which means that the focus is on the action rather than the subject.
Example: Football is played by him.
The tense of the verb plays a major role in the sentence structure of English grammar. It tells us about what the subject of the sentence has done or will do or will be doing. In English grammar, there are three main tenses i.e. present tense, past tense, and the future tense. Each such tense is further divided into simple, perfect, continuous, and perfect continuous tense.
Clauses are building blocks of a sentence that can be independent or dependent. In basic English grammar, a simple sentence has a subject and a verb used in a complete thought also called an independent clause. Compound sentences have independent clauses joined together with a conjunction. A complex sentence has an independent clause combined with one or more dependent clauses.
In order to be confident with all the English grammar topics, one must develop a habit of reading books, newspapers and online articles. There is no such thing as ‘different types of grammar in English.’ English grammar is single-type. But just knowing what grammar is not enough; one must regularly speak in English with family and friends to become fluent in it. With regular practice of the above-mentioned topics and a little perseverance, one can improve a lot.
In order to learn easy English grammar step by step, one must always start with the basic grammar topics. The basic requirement for writing a grammatically correct sentence is to know the parts of speech. Nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, articles, conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections should be used in the proper sequence to build a meaningful sentence. While using verbs, one must be careful about its agreement with the singular or plural subject.
Writing a sentence in the active voice or passive voice as per the need of the context is of course a crucial step towards learning English grammar. We should be careful about using the same tense of the verb throughout the sentence. A simple sentence is complete with the use of at least one subject and action that defines the subject. When forming a complex sentence, one must focus on using the correct conjunction to join the two clauses.
There is always a logic behind a grammar rule. While writing, reading, and listening in English, keep a source of reference handy to understand the logic behind each rule. Nowadays, with easy access to the internet, one can also learn English grammar online. A little effort goes a long way.
1. What is ‘English Grammar’?
Ans. English Grammar is a set of rules that helps us to decide the order and use of each word used to make a meaningful phrase or a complete sentence.
2. How to learn English Grammar?
Ans. Get hold of a good grammar guide book and refer to online videos, lessons and notes form platforms like Vedantu to get easy access to successful English learning techniques.
3. How to improve English Grammar?
Ans. English Grammar is not rocket science. However, one must practice rigorously by writing and proofreading simultaneously. Reading books, newspapers, magazines, and learning new words helps to broaden the horizon of English grammar and vocabulary.