Grammar is called the system and structure of a language. The rules of grammar let us decide the order we put words in and which form of a word to use.
In this article, we will discuss the basics of English Grammar, like how a sentence forms, the rules for writing a grammatically correct sentence, transitive verb and intransitive verb, active voice and passive voice with their sentence structure, and noun and its types. Parents should refer to the English Grammar for Class 5 PDF for details on every topic.
All Parts of Speech
Class 5 English Grammar - The Sentence
When we write or speak, we try to group sensible words to convey a clear, meaningful message. In fact, grouping is not sufficient; these words need to be in proper order and sequence for clear understanding. Words arranged in order should express a complete sense of meaning.
Read the following sentences:
Useful is a spoon utensil.
A spoon is a useful utensil.
Are they different?
Rules to Make a Sentence
A sentence is a group of words forming a meaningful message.
A sentence always makes clear sense.
A sentence always starts with a capital letter and ends with a full stop, question mark, or exclamation mark.
A sentence must consist of a word i.e. verb.
Now read these Group of Words:
In the glass.
A glass of milk.
The above words make sense but not completely. These groups of words are called phrases.
Kind of Sentences
Sentences are of four types:
1. Assertive Sentences - These are also called declarative sentences, which declare a fact. They end with a full stop.
2. Imperative Sentences - These sentences give a command, make requests or express a wish.
3. Interrogative Sentences - These sentences are used to ask questions. They end with a question mark.
4. Exclamatory Sentences - These sentences express sudden or strong feelings such as wonder, surprise, wonder, happiness, etc. They often end with an exclamatory mark.
Active and Passive Voice
Sentences can be of two types: active and passive voice.
Ram is eating a mango.
A mango is being eaten by Ram.
What’s the difference between them?
In sentence 1, the subject (Ram) is the doer of the action i.e. the subject of the verb acts or is active. The verb, eating is, therefore, said to be in the Active voice.
Structure: Subject + verb + object.
Structure: Object + verb + subject.
Girl Depicting Parts of Grammar
Verb - Transitive or Intransitive
The verb is a part of speech that depicts action. It tells what is happening or what is done at the moment.
This sentence doesn’t make complete sense.
So, here it makes sense, the verb which requires an object after it is called the transitive verb.
It makes complete sense. Here the verb “grows” doesn’t require any object after it to make a meaningful sentence.
The noun is a reference to a place, person, or thing. When this is one, they are called singular nouns, and when they are multiple, they are called plural nouns.
For example- boy, pen, a copy is singular nouns, and boys, pens, and copies are plural nouns.
Class 5 English Grammar Worksheets with Answers
He _____ never forgotten his bottle. (Ans. has)
I ______ played cricket. (Ans. have)
Convert into passive voice: Rahul is playing cricket. (Ans. Cricket is being played by Rahul)
Write five plural nouns. (Ans. Books, Pencils, Bottles, Boxes, Cups)
Write one interrogative sentence. (Ans. How was your day?)
In this article containing English Grammar for Class 5 PDF, we discussed the sentences, verbs, voice, and nouns, which are basics of English Grammar. The given worksheet will help you to identify the types of questions related to grammar with their answers provided. A sentence is a complete sense, made up of words arranged in an order to convey a meaning, or thought.
The basic rules of making a sentence are:
The sentence should begin with a capital letter and end with a full stop.
A sentence must consist of a doing word i.e. verbs.
The words should be arranged in order to convey a clear meaning i.e. sentence structure.