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What is Equality in Indian Democracy ?

Last updated date: 23rd May 2024
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An Introduction

Equality is so crucial as it preserves the individual's "dignity." Dignity mainly means and the respect an individual deserves from everyone else for being a fellow human being. It is a fundamental and essential human right. This ideal case, nevertheless, does not exist. There are many forms of inequality in India even today. This is an article on equality in India or better yet this article highlights the issues of achieving equality in India and worldwide.

Why is Equality Important?

We would say, equality is to offer equivalent privileges in promising circumstances, freedoms, and status. It implies giving equivalent privileges and opportunities to all areas of individuals, In Spite of their sex, colour, and financial status, individuals should be dealt with much the same way. Individuals in India are great by heart yet with regards to correspondence, individuals are not prepared to endure this. In that manner, a singular issue turns into a mutual mob and individuals lose their lives for correspondence.

Examples of Inequality

Besides being poor, there are many types of inequality in India. One of the most common forms of inequality in India is the caste system. If a person lives in rural India, their caste identity is something they have probably learned or faced very young. If you live in urban India, some of you might think that people don't believe in caste anymore.

Omprakash Valmiki (1950–2013) is a popular Dalit writer who wrote about equality in India through his eyes. In his autobiography, Joothan, he writes, “I had to sit away from the others in the class, and that too on the floor. The mat ran out before reaching the spot I sat on. Sometimes I would have to sit way behind everybody, right near the door…sometimes they would beat me without any reason”.

The second story is also about equality in India centred on an incident that occurred in one of the largest cities in India. It's a story about Mr Ansari and Mrs Ansari who were searching for an apartment in the city on rent. They came to a property dealer to help them find a place for themselves. In the end, it took a month to look at the apartments before they found a landlady who was willing to give them a rental place. Omprakash Valmiki and Ansaris were really treated unequally on the basis of differences of caste and religion. This shows two types of inequality in India.

Recognizing Dignity

The dignity of both Omprakash Valmiki and Ansaris had been violated due to the obvious way they were treated. When people are treated unfairly, their dignity will be violated. Omprakash and the Ansaris don't really warrant to be treated like this. They deserve the same respect and dignity as everyone else.

Racial Discrimination

Individuals having a place with specific races are depicted in an underhanded way in the personalities of the small kids and they are additionally instructed not to treat them similarly. To the extreme, they were treated like a slave and they worked as a slaves in their plantation. At the point when you return and read Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream", we can comprehend that there is a class segregation and disparity were predominant in America during that time. Martin Luther King was exceptionally clear with regards to his point that all men are equivalent in this world.

Age Inequality

Age imbalance or separation is pervasive in many countries in the world. A certain age group are segregated and treated poorly, which reflects in their helpless way of living. Girl children below the age of 18 are forced to marry a man in order to avoid a financial crisis in the family. Eventhough there are many laws against child marriages like Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act , it is still prevalent among various states in our country.

Educational Inequality

Educating a boy is teaching a family and teaching a girl is teaching society. At the point when a boy gets training, he goes to work and makes himself monetarily cheerful. The parents are dependably prepared to instruct their boy and give the most ideal sort of schooling to their son’s. The way is diverse on account of a girl’s schooling and they are prepared to spend much on the son’s schooling. Despite the fact that we can see the adjustment of certain spaces on the metropolitan side, the provincial individuals are not prepared to acknowledge the change. However rural people give the schooling to their daughters, it is a type of basic or fundamental and not of Professional.

Financial Inequality

We observe individuals judge a person by their profession and not by their person, conduct and idiosyncrasy. A job chooses a man's status in the general public. Prior an individual has a place with lower local area controls to do specific job roles and the higher local area are permitted to do the best work. The occupation of a man assists with understanding his monetary status and furthermore it chooses his power and worth in the general public. An individual who possesses a lower job role isn't permitted inside the house and they should use just the patio. Consequently, an individual's calling characterises their status in the general public.

Equality in Indian Democracy

The Constitution of India acknowledges every individual as equal and understands the importance of equality in India. This means that each individual in the state, including the male and female, is a regular citizen. All castes, religions, tribes, educational and economic backgrounds are identified as similar. This is not to say that inequality has vanished. It has not. But, at the very least, the importance of equality in India for every individual is recognized in democratic India.

The recognition of equality in the Constitution includes the following provisions:

  • Every citizen before the law is equal.

  • No individual can be discriminated against on the basis of their religion, race, caste, place of birth or whether they are male or female.

  • Everyone has access to all public places.

  • Untouchability has been outlawed.

The two different ways in which the state has decided to achieve the equality guaranteed by the Constitution are, first, through legislation and, secondly, through public programs or schemes to help vulnerable communities. In addition to legislation, the government has also established a number of schemes to improve the conditions of communities and individuals who have been treated unfairly for several centuries. These schemes are designed to provide greater opportunities for people who have not had this in the past.

Although government programs play a significant role in expanding equality of opportunity, much remains to be done yet. One of the primary reasons for this is that society is changing very slowly. Although people know what is equality in Indian democracy and that discrimination is against the law, they continue to treat people unfairly. It's only when people start believing that no one is unequal, and that every person deserves respect and dignity, that present behaviours may change. Understanding of what equality is in Indian democracy is very necessary for this to happen. Establishing equality in a democratic society is a continuous struggle of individuals and the various communities in India that they contribute to. This article on equality in India briefly has covered issues attached to achieving this ideal case scenario in our democracy.

Equal Right to Vote

In a democratic country such as India, all adults, regardless of their religion, education, caste, or whether they are rich or poor, are allowed to vote. This is called the universal adult franchise and is a key aspect of all democracies. The idea of a universal adult franchise is built on the notion of equality.

Issues of Equality in Other Democracies

In many democratic nations around the world, equality remains a critical issue in the struggle of societies. In the United States, African-Americans whose forefathers were slaves brought from Africa still describe their lives today as chiefly unfair. They have been treated pretty unfairly in the US and denied equality by law.

Rosa Park had been an African-American lady. Exhausted after a long day at work, she refused to surrender her seat on the bus to a white man on 1 December 1955. Her refusal that day triggered a massive upheaval against the racial discrimination of African-Americans that emerged as the Civil Rights Movement.

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 outlawed discriminatory practices on the basis of race, religion or national origin. It also mentioned that all schools would be accessible to African-American children and that they'd no longer have to attend segregated schools mainly set up for them.

Measures Taken to Uphold Equality

To reduce inequality, society ought to attain equality financially, economically, and educatively. Many laws passed in the Indian Constitution like The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976, The Special Marriage Act, 1954, The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 is aimed to decrease the ratio of inequality. To avoid inequality and to have a fair society, following steps must be taken. 

  • Enable women to get a good education and to stand them on their own.

  • Employment should be equally divided to all races of people and give  priority to capable people.

  • Laws ought to be passed to save morally high-minded people.

Did You Know?

  • The Right to Equality is not absolute and is subjective to certain limits.

  • Untouchability although has been outlawed long ago, its definition is not given in the Indian Constitution.

This was the complete discussion on equality and its importance. We have laso learnt about the challenges faced in a democracy to uphold the right to equality.

FAQs on What is Equality in Indian Democracy ?

1. What was Martin Luther King's dream?

Martin Luther King dreamed of equality in the nation. It was pervassive that there was a racial discrimination during his time in America.  He imagined that one day things should be changed and people ought to understand that all men are made equivalent.

2. What are the laws passed by Indian Government against child marriage?

Prohibition of Child Marriage Act was passed to avoid child marriages before the age of 18, and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act was to protect the girl children from sexual harrasment.

3. How is education being partial to girl children?

Most of the parents’ income in India is below average and it is truly difficult for them to take care of their family on the basis of food, shelter, education and other needs. To avoid financial crises in the near future and after their lifetime, the boys in the family should take care of their sisters and their life . In such cases, they prefer to educate their sons compared with their daughters.

4. How to Control Inequality in the society?

In order to avoid mob violence and individual issues equality should be followed in the society. By passing laws and strictly adhering to it will decrease the issues and the violence. Similarly, the change should begin from ourselves while attempting to change the society. So following and educating ourselves and others will help to control inequality.