Bhagat Singh Biography

About Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh was born on September 27, 1907, in the village of Banga near Lyallpur district in Punjab, British India. He was an Indian freedom fighter who is considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian independence movement. Bhagat Singh joined the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) at a young age and became involved in revolutionary activities. He participated in several acts of sabotage against British institutions, including an attempt to bomb the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi. In 1929, he and two other activists were convicted of assassinating John Saunders, a British police officer. Singh was executed by hanging on March 23, 1931, at Lahore jail at the age of 23. Despite his short life, Bhagat Singh left a lasting legacy in the struggle for Indian independence. He is revered by many as a martyr and symbol of resistance to British colonialism in India. His example continues to inspire new generations of activists worldwide.

Why is it Important to read Bhagat Singh's Biography?

Bhagat Singh's life is an inspiration to all those who fight for justice and against oppression. He was a brave young man who dedicated his life to the struggle for Indian independence. His story is a reminder that even in the face of great adversity, it is possible to achieve victory. Bhagat Singh's biography provides insight into the mind of a revolutionary and offers encouragement to those who are fighting for change today. It is an important read for anyone interested in history, politics, or human rights activism. He was loved and respected by the people of India, who continue to honor his memory.

Bhagat Singh's life was cut short at a young age, but he left behind an enduring legacy that continues to inspire new generations around the world today. His story is unforgettable for anyone interested in history or human rights activism. He fought against oppression with all his might until his death at 23 years old, leaving behind a lasting impact on Indian society during its struggle for independence from British rule. Bhagat Singh Biography provides valuable insight into the mind of a revolutionary leader whose passion will live forever in history books worldwide. It belongs on every bookshelf next to biographies of other influential figures such as Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela. The importance of reading Bhagat Singh's biography cannot be overstated.

What are Some of the Key Events in Bhagat Singh's Biography?

Some of the key events in Bhagat Singh's biography include:

  • Born on September 27, 1907, in Banga

  • Joined Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) at a young age

  • Participated in several acts of sabotage against British institutions, including an attempt to bomb the Central Legislative Assembly.

How did Bhagat Singh influence the Indian Independence Movement?

Bhagat Singh had a great impact on the Indian independence movement due to his participation in various activities that led India towards its freedom from colonial rule. His involvement with revolutionary groups resulted in him being jailed for various crimes, but he continued his activism even behind bars through writing and publishing newspapers aimed at spreading nationalist sentiments among people all over India. He was executed by hanging when he was 23 years old after leading an unsuccessful plot to kill a British police officer who ordered a lathi charge on Lala Lajpat Rai, who was protesting colonial policies at the time. This murder had a major impact on Indian society and brought Bhagat Singh to national attention as a revolutionary hero of India's independence movement.

What is included in Bhagat Singh's biography?

Bhagat Singh's biography covers his upbringing in Punjab, his involvement with revolutionary groups throughout his teenage years, and the significant impact he had on India's struggle for independence. It details his trial when he was charged with the murder of John P. Saunders, a British police officer, as well as his life in prison leading up to his execution at Lahore jail when he was 23 years old. Throughout it all, Bhagat Singh remained strong in defense of Indian independence even in the face of great adversity.

How is Bhagat Singh's Biography useful?

Bhagat Singh's biography is both informative and entertaining to read; full of events that shaped him into becoming an influential figure during India's push for independence from British rule. While it is useful for researchers and historians, anyone interested in politics or Indian history can benefit from reading an in-depth account of the life of a revolutionary icon whose passion lives on through his legacy and impact on India's independence movement.

Some of Bhagat Singh's Most Notable Accomplishments include:

  • Joining the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) at a young age and becoming involved in revolutionary activities

  • Participating in several acts of sabotage against British institutions, including an attempt to bomb the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi

  • Being convicted of assassinating John Saunders, a British police officer, for which he was hanged at the age of 23

  • Being elected as the president of the HSRA shortly before being executed.

Bhagat Singh was an Indian revolutionist whose two dramatic acts of violence during the Indian Independence Movement against the British and execution at the age of 23 made him a national hero of the Indian freedom struggle. Indians also refer to him as Shaheed Bhagat Singh and many consider him to be one of India's earliest Marxists.

Bhagat Singh Information

Full Name - Bhagat Singh Sandhu

Bhagat Singh Birthday - September 27th, 1907 

Bhagat Singh Death Date/Bhagat Singh Hanging Date - March 23rd, 1931

Cause of Death - Sentenced to death

Age (at the time of death) - 23 Years

Who is Bhagat Singh?

Bhagat Singh was born and raised in a Sikh family in Punjab, India (now Pakistan). He was the second son of Kishan Singh and Vidya Vati. The family was inspired by nationalism and participated in independence movements. At the time of Bhagat's birth, his father and two uncles were in jail for causing political unrest. Khatkar Kalan, near the town of Banga, India, in the Punjab district of Nawanshahr (now called Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar), was his ancestral village. Arjun Singh, his grandfather, followed Arya Samaj, the Hindu reformist movement of Swami Dayananda Saraswati, which had a major influence on Bhagat Singh. His father and uncles were members of the Ghadar Party, headed by Kartar Singh Sarabha and Har Dayal. Because of pending court proceedings against him, Ajit Singh was forced into exile while Swaran Singh died at home in Lahore in 1910, following his release from prison. 

Bhagat Singh History

Bhagat Singh did not attend Khalsa High School in Lahore as the allegiance of the school officials to the British government was not accepted by his grandfather. Instead, he was enrolled in the Dayanand Anglo-Vedic High School, an Arya Samaji institution. Singh visited the site of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919, when he was 12 years old, hours after thousands of unarmed people gathering at a public meeting were killed. It deeply affected him as a child. When Mahatma Gandhi began the Movement for Non-Cooperation in 1920, at the age of 13, he became an active participant. He had high hopes that, in India, Gandhi would bring independence. But he felt frustrated when, after the Chauri Chaura riot in 1922, Gandhi called off the campaign. At that point, by burning his government school books and any British-imported clothes, he had openly defied the British and had followed Gandhi's wishes.

Bhagat Singh famously won an essay competition organized by the Punjab Hindi Sahitya Sammelan in 1923. That attracted the attention of Punjab Hindi Sahitya Sammelan members, including Professor Bhim Sen Vidyalankar, its General Secretary. He studied at the National College in Lahore in his teenage years. He had fled home to escape early marriage and joined the Naujawan Bharat Sabha organization. Singh and his fellow revolutionaries were famous among the young in the Naujawan Bharat Sabha. At the behest of Professor Vidyalankar, he also joined the Hindustan Republican Association, then led by Ram Prasad Bismil and Ashfaqulla Khan.

Revolutionary Activities 

Under Sir John Simon, the British government formed a commission to report on India's current political situation in 1928, which was boycotted by the Indian Political Parties because Indians were excluded from representation. Lala Lajpat Rai led the protest against the commission in a silent, non-violent march when the commission visited Lahore on October 30, 1928, but the police reacted with brutal force which resulted in his death. 

Bhagat Singh witnessed that incident. Along with Bhagat Singh freedom fighters Shivaram Rajguru, Jai Gopal and Sukhdev Thapar vowed to take revenge and plotted to kill the police chief. In the event of mistaken identity, Gopal told Singh about the appearance of J. P. Saunders, the deputy police superintendent. Thus, instead of Scott, Singh shot Saunders. He left Lahore quickly to flee from the police. He shaved his beard and cut his hair to avoid recognition, a violation of one of Sikhism's holiest tenets. 

The British government passed the Defence of India Act in the response to the acts by the revolutionaries to give the police more power. The Act, defeated by one vote in the council, was intended to combat revolutionaries such as Bhagat Singh. The Hindustan Socialist Republican Association intended to blow a bomb in the assembly where the ordinance was to be passed in response to that act. Singh and Dutt dropped bombs on the assembly corridors on April 8th, 1929 and shouted: "Inquilab Zindabad!" ("Long Live the Revolution!"). After the blast, Singh and Dutt gave themselves up for arrest. He and Dutt were sentenced to life for the bombing on June 12, 1929.


Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev were charged with the murder of J. P Saunders shortly after their conviction and trial for the Assembly bombing.  Bhagat Singh wanted to use the court as an instrument for publicising his cause for India's independence and thus acknowledged the murder. He and other prisoners launched a hunger strike while in custody, advocating for prisoner rights and under trial. They were striking to protest against preferential treatment of British murderers and thieves, who would obtain better conditions by statute than Indian political prisoners.

He also wrote a pamphlet entitled "Why I am an atheist," before dying, to address the accusation of vanity for denying God in the face of death. On March 23rd 1931, with his comrades, Rajguru and Sukhdev, the British hanged Bhagat Singh in Lahore. He was immediately proclaimed a shaheed or a martyr by his supporters who had been demonstrating against the hanging.

Singh was cremated on the banks of the Sutlej River at Hussainiwala. The Bhagat Singh Memorial today commemorates India's freedom fighters.

Thoughts and Opinions

Political thoughts of Bhagat Singh significantly shifted from Gandhian nationalism to progressive Marxism. By the end of 1928, their group was called the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association by him and his comrades. He had read Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, and Vladimir Lenin's teachings and believed that India could only function properly under a socialist regime with such a huge and diverse population. During his time at the National College in Lahore, those principles were introduced to him, and he believed that the Russian revolution should be re-enacted by India.


The death of Bhagat Singh had the impact he wanted and motivated thousands of youths to support the rest of the Indian independence movement. Youths in regions across Northern India rioted in protest against the British Raj after his hanging. The Communist Party of India (Marxist) itself recognizes the contribution of Bhagat Singh to Indian society[31] and the future of socialism in India in particular. A group of intellectuals have set up an organization to commemorate Singh and his values to mark the centenary of his birth.

Bhagat Singh was criticized by both his contemporaries and people after his death because of his aggressive and revolutionary stance against the British, his opposition to the pacifist position taken by the Indian National Congress and particularly Mahatma Gandhi. The tactics he used to make his point were opposed to the non-violent non-cooperation preached by Gandhi.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What caused Bhagat Singh's death?

23-year-old, Bhagat Singh, was hanged on March 23rd, 1931 by the British after being tried on charges of hatching a plot against the colonial government. Along with Bhagat Singh freedom fighters, Sukhdev and Rajguru were also hanged for the murder of J.P. Saunders.

2. Mention some achievements of Bhagat Singh.

Bhagat Singh is best known for his revolutionary acts against British oppression, including the murder of J.P. Saunders and the Central Legislative Assembly Bombing. As a teen, he famously won an essay competition organized by the Punjab Hindi Sahitya Sammelan in 1923.  To popularize revolutionary activities against the British, he voluntarily chose death and the day of his death is observed in India as Martyr's Day.

3. Why did Bhagat Singh become an atheist?

Bhagat Singh wrote a pamphlet entitled Why I am an Atheist while in a condemned cell in 1931, in which he explored and promoted the theory of atheism. For his inability to understand faith and God while in a condemned cell, the pamphlet emerged as a counter to criticism by fellow revolutionaries. He followed his convictions and said that he was a firm believer of God, but dismissed the myths and beliefs that others kept close to their hearts. He admitted in that pamphlet that religion made death simpler, but proclaimed unproven philosophy to be a sign of human weakness.

4. What is the Best Part about Bhagat Singh's Biography?

The best thing about Bhagat Singh's biography is that it details his life in prison, trial, and execution by hanging. It is a fascinating read for anyone interested in Indian history or activism.

5. Why is Bhagat Singh's Biography inspiring?

Bhagat Singh's biography inspires people all over the world because of his passion for freeing India from colonial rule through revolutionary activity despite being imprisoned on multiple occasions even before he was hanged at the age of 23. This makes him stand out as an influential figure within the Indian independence movement who remains relevant to this day through publications about his life and impact on India's struggle for independence from British colonial rule in the early 20th century.

6. How does Bhagat Singh's Biography educate Readers?

Through reading Bhagat Singh's biography, readers are educated about the Indian independence movement as it gained momentum in the early 20th century. In particular, they can learn what happened to India as a result of British rule and how people like Bhagat Singh fought for Indian freedom from colonial rule through revolutionary measures.

7. What is a Summary of Bhagat Singh's Biography?

The summary of Bhagat Singh's biography is a brief overview of his life and impact on India's struggle for independence from British colonial rule in the early 20th century. It covers everything from Bhagat Singh joining revolutionary groups, participating in acts of sabotage against various British institutions, being hanged as a result of assassinating John Saunders, to speaking up about social inequality as a result of colonialism even while he was imprisoned.

8. In What Order should I read Bhagat Singh's Biography?

 To set the stage for reading an in-depth account about the life and activism of Bhagat Singh, it is best to start by familiarizing yourself with India's push for independence during British colonial rule through our section that details this topic thoroughly, followed by an article about the British Raj and how it impacted the Indian people. Once you have a basic understanding of India's struggle for independence from British rule, you can begin reading Bhagat Singh's Biography to learn about his life as a revolutionary figure during this time period.