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CBSE Class 8 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 10 Notes - Law and Social Justice

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Law and Social Justice Class 8 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 10 - PDF Download
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As per the law on minimum wages, a worker must be paid at least the minimum wage by the employer. Various other laws protect the interests of producers and consumers in the market. The law ensures that the relations between the three parties - the worker, consumer and producer are governed in a way that is not exploitative. By creating, enforcing, and upholding laws, the government can control the activities of individual or private companies to ensure social justice.

CBSE Class 8 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 10 Notes - Law and Social Justice part-1
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FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. What are the Benefits to Foreign Companies in Setting up Production Units in India?

Ans. Following are the advantages which the foreign companies earn by setting up production houses in India.

  • Cheap labour availability.

  • Longer work hours at low wages.

  • Least overheads like housing facilities for employees/workers.

  • Heavy Cost-cutting with lower working conditions and lower safety measures.

Thus, setting up the production of foreign companies in India can save costs and give higher profits in India.

Q2. Discuss if You Think the Victims of the Bhopal Gas Tragedy got Justice?

Ans. The sufferers of the Bhopal gas tragedy never got complete justice. The Bhopal tragedy was caused due to neglecting safety measures by the factory management. The Indian government represented the people to legally claim compensation for the affected people and demanded 3 billion dollars as compensation. But the company paid 470 million dollars. Today also, after 36 years, people are still seeking justice. Though the financial compensation for the families was adequate, many of them are still struggling for safe-drinking water, jobs and healthcare facilities.

Q3. What is Law Enforcement? Who is Responsible for Law Enforcement? Why is Law Enforcement Important?

Ans. Law enforcement refers to the implementation of the law. Government passes the laws and have to be enforced so that the citizens can avail benefit from these laws.


The government enforces the laws, and this enforcement is vital to safeguard the rights of the citizens. This enforcement protects the weak from the strong section of society. It also controls the activities of individuals or private companies to ensure a safe working environment and complete social justice.

Q4. How can Laws Ensure Fair Working in Markets? Explain with Two Examples.

Ans. With proper Laws, fair working in markets can be ensured. Here are two examples:

  • Right Against Exploitation: It states that no one can be forced to work at low wages or beneath any bond.

  • Child Labour Prevention Act: According to this law, no child below 14 years can be employed for any employment like domestic help, etc.

The laws passed by the government to ensure that there is no exploitation and overworking by the companies. It also monitors market prices of essential products such as kerosene, sugar, food grain, etc.