CBSE Class 8 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 3 Notes - Why Do We Need a Parliament?


Why Do We Need a Parliament? Class 8 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 3 - PDF Download

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Have you ever heard about a politician and politics but don’t know what it all really means, so what do you mean by Parliament? That’s alright because what goes on in the Parliament can be kind of confusing at times. The Parliament is the building in New Delhi where the people’s representatives from all over the country sit and legislate over new laws and which laws to pass. The Parliament is also the most important political body in a country because it decides which direction the country is going to by formulating and passing such laws. What goes on in the Parliament affects everything that happens in the country, which is why it is incredibly important.

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CBSE Class 8 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 3 Notes - Why Do We Need a Parliament part-1
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FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is a coalition government?

A lot of times, a single political party may not win enough votes on its own to win any relevant seats during the elections. In this case, two or more political parties can come together to form a coalition which will allow them to share their votes with one another. An example of coalitions is the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) coalition which consists of the Indian National Congress, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) and other parties. Another example is the NDA or the National Democratic Alliance led by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and has member parties like the Janata Dal-United (JDU) and National People’s Party (NPP).

2. What are the functions of parliament (class 8)?

The Parliament consists of the people’s representatives and has several important functions to facilitate the government in keeping the country running. Some of them are:

  • Constituting the national government by having a mix of the ruling party members as well as its opposition.

  • Selecting the cabinet ministers as well as other ministers.

  • Selecting the departments and committee members of the executive.

  • To keep the government under check by utilising question hour to enquire about what the government is doing, the morale behind it and also the legality and sanctity of their position.

  • To draft bills and pass them as laws.