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CBSE Class 7 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 1 Notes - On Equality

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On Equality Class 7 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 1 - PDF Download

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In a diverse democratic society such as India, there are several instances present that portray prejudice and discrimination of certain communities. Therefore, there always must be a platform which enforces the rights of individuals and provides equality to all. The Class 7 civics chapter 1 notes help students in building a strong understanding of what is equality in Indian Democracy and how it must be executed. The role towards enforcement of equality portrays the formation of laws that should be properly conformed to by the executive power of democracy which can at times also make mistakes. Therefore forming strong opinions regarding the significance of the right to equality is very important for students.

CBSE Class 7 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 1 Notes - On Equality part-1
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FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the significance of the Universal Adult Franchise?

Universal adult franchise is relevant for the following reasons: 

  • It's focused on the principle of equality; 

  • This ensures that all adult people, i.e. those 18 years of age or older, have the right to vote irrespective of their socio-economic status;  

  • The universal adult franchise is an integral part of government; 

  • The functioning of a democracy corresponds to people residing and stipulates it as ‘of the people, by the people and for the people’.

  • It makes the government more responsive to the public.

2. What does article 15 of the Constitution entail?

There shall be no discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth under article 15 of the constitution of India. This includes two forms, 

Firstly, there shall be no discrimination against any person solely based on religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them and such right shall be protected by the state.

Secondly, no resident of the country, be subject to any disability, responsibility, limitation or condition on the grounds of faith, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them, concerning the following:


  • a. Access to stores, public restaurants, hotels and public entertainment venues; 

  • b. The use of tanks, bathing ghats, wells, roads and public recreation areas has been maintained wholly or partially by State funds or has been allocated to the use of the general public.