On Equality Class 7 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 1 - PDF Download
In a diverse democratic society such as India, there are several instances present that portray prejudice and discrimination of certain communities. Therefore, there always must be a platform which enforces the rights of individuals and provides equality to all. The Class 7 civics chapter 1 notes help students in building a strong understanding of what is equality in Indian Democracy and how it must be executed. The role towards enforcement of equality portrays the formation of laws that should be properly conformed to by the executive power of democracy which can at times also make mistakes. Therefore forming strong opinions regarding the significance of the right to equality is very important for students.
FAQs on On Equality Class 7 Notes CBSE Political Science Chapter 1 [Free PDF Download]
1. What is the significance of the Universal Adult Franchise?
Universal adult franchise is relevant for the following reasons:
It's focused on the principle of equality;
This ensures that all adult people, i.e. those 18 years of age or older, have the right to vote irrespective of their socio-economic status;
The universal adult franchise is an integral part of government;
The functioning of a democracy corresponds to people residing and stipulates it as ‘of the people, by the people and for the people’.
It makes the government more responsive to the public.
2. What does article 15 of the Constitution entail?
There shall be no discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth under article 15 of the constitution of India. This includes two forms,
Firstly, there shall be no discrimination against any person solely based on religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them and such right shall be protected by the state.
Secondly, no resident of the country, be subject to any disability, responsibility, limitation or condition on the grounds of faith, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them, concerning the following:
Access to stores, public restaurants, hotels and public entertainment venues;
The use of tanks, bathing ghats, wells, roads and public recreation areas has been maintained wholly or partially by State funds or has been allocated to the use of the general public.
3. What is a democratic government Class 7 Political Science Chapter 1?
A democratic government is formed by the people. People participate in forming the government by casting votes and choosing their representatives. The most important feature of a democratic government is equality. In a democratic government, all people of a country are treated equally and no discrimination is made based on their caste, colour, creed, or sex. The other features of a democratic government include justice for all and the resolution of conflict.
4. What were the effects of starting midday meals in elementary schools?
Starting midday meals in elementary schools produced many positive effects. This scheme involved giving food to the children in school. This led to an increase in the number of children coming to elementary schools. The nutrition and health of children studying in elementary schools improved. Parents who could not afford to give proper meals to their children started sending their children to schools so that they can get proper food and this led to an increase in the number of children in elementary schools.
5. How is the importance of equality explained in Class 7 Political Science Chapter 1?
Equality plays an important role and it has been recognized in the constitution of India through different laws. According to equality, every person of India is treated equally before the law. All the citizens of India have to follow the same laws, rules, and regulations. No discrimination can be made based on caste, colour, creed, sex, or region. No person can be stopped from entering public parks, malls, cinema halls, etc. Thus, equality means that every person has the same rights in a democratic country like India.
6. How was Kanta unsure about equality?
Kanta was a housemaid. Her daughter got ill but she could not ask for a holiday from her employer because her employer will cut her salary. After finishing her work, Kanta took her daughter to a government hospital where she had to stand in a long queue. She also did not have money to buy medicines therefore she had to take money from her employer to take her daughter to the hospital. Thus, all these things make Kanta unsure about equality because she did not get equal treatment.
7. Write down the differences between a private hospital and a government hospital?
In a private hospital, people do not have to stand in a queue and they get better treatment facilities. In a government hospital, people have to stand in long queues for their turn. They do not get better medical facilities in the government hospitals. In a private hospital, people have to pay more money for getting treatment whereas in a government hospital people do not have to pay much for the treatment.