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How the State Government Works Class 7 Notes CBSE Political Science Chapter 3 (Free PDF Download)

Last updated date: 27th Feb 2024
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How the State Government Works Class 7 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 3 - PDF Download

The NCERT class 7 civics chapter 3 notes are designed by our in-house subject experts. These experts carry good knowledge about different aspects of government work. These notes are available in different formats including the PDF format. How the state government works class 7 PDF is easy to download and learn for students who can use the format for understanding quickly. Students, if having access to smartphone or tablet and laptop, then the pdf and PPT version will work. This chapter provides complete information on how government officials work, including MLAs and ministers. Further, the chapters also put some light on how people can express their views towards the working of the government.

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Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 How the State Government Works Notes

Let us check more through chapter 3 of class 7 of social science and civics:

Who is an MLA?

  • MLA (Member of Legislative Assembly) is a prominent member elected by the people of the locality.

  • Every state of India has a legislative assembly, and each state is divided into different constituencies.

  • In each constituency, there is one elected member by the people who represent them to solve issues faced by people. 

How Do these MLAs Later Become Chief Ministers?

The position of chief minister of the state entirely depends on the work done for the betterment of the people. The party to whom the MLA represents having a majority is called the ruling party. Post-election, MLAs belonging to the ruling party will elect the leader who then becomes the chief minister.

The Debate in the Legislative Assembly:

The NCERT class 7 civics chapter 3 notes also provide complete information on how the debate in legislative assembly is done. The legislative assembly is a platform where MLAs from the ruling and opposition party meet and debate on different topics. All MLAs meeting in the assembly has complete right on expressing their opinions and asking questions. Sometimes, these debates can turn into action where the MLA may get banned for a certain period. 

Every MLA has specific responsibilities, which need to be fulfilled during the tenure. 

Working of the Government

In a democratic country like India, it is the people who elect MLAs, and they have the complete right to raise questions. Moreover, chief ministers and other top ministers have the power to take action. They do so through the hands of PWD, health departments, education department and others. They also need to answer questions raised by the ruling party and people who elected them. 

Students, when learning how the state government works, class 7 notes will have a good interest in the working of government employees. If any student wants to get into such a top-level ministry position, need first to understand how things work.

Downloading NCERT Solution for Class 7

If you are looking for how the state government works class 7 PPT, then check out our site to find the best solution. Here, you will find complete NCERT class 7 civics chapter 3 notes in PDF and PPT format, making the learning process easy. Each chapter is finely designed and conceptualized for easy understanding.


Vedantu's free PDF notes on CBSE Class 7 Political Science Chapter 3, "How the State Government Works," are an invaluable educational resource for students. These notes offer a comprehensive overview of the functioning of state governments, including their key institutions, roles, and responsibilities. Tailored to the CBSE curriculum, they ensure that students have access to high-quality study materials.

Vedantu's commitment to providing free, accessible educational content is commendable, empowering students to delve into the intricate workings of their state's governance. These notes facilitate a deeper understanding of the democratic processes that shape our lives, fostering an appreciation for the role of state governments in our nation. By utilizing these resources, students can enhance their political science knowledge, critical thinking skills, and overall academic performance, making them an indispensable asset for civic enthusiasts and educators alike.

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FAQs on How the State Government Works Class 7 Notes CBSE Political Science Chapter 3 (Free PDF Download)

1. What are the role and duties of MLA?

The role of the legislator is to understand the problem and work on the solution of the respective constituency. The role also involves the legislator to support or oppose new laws.

  • Need to work as the voice on behalf of the constituents and assist in solving problems. 

  • MLA role also involves planning and orchestrating strategy in the house and developing expertise.

2. What are the Duties of the MLA?

MLA has multiple duties to work upon to make the constituency better. However, the duty may differ according to the position- Member of Cabinet, Member of the Opposition and Government Backbencher.

As an MLA, He/she is responsible to oversee operations of the department assigned by the state government or the ruling party. Since MLA serves as the Members of various committees, the membership is allotted to political parties representing the house.

MLA has to keep in touch with people of his/her constituency in all means to ensure there is no problem.

3. What is a Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha?

Lok Sabha comprises representative people elected based on Universal Adult Suffrage. A maximum number of members for the house is 552, out of which 530 represent states and 20 represent UT, and 2 members come from the Anglo- Indian community.

Rajya Sabha consists of 250 members, out of which 238 represent states and UT, 12 members get a nomination from the president. One should know here that in every second year, one-third of members retire and get replaced by newly elected members.