## NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 6 The Triangle and its Properties (EX 6.5) Exercise 6.5

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## Access NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 6- Triangles and its Properties

Exercise 6.5

1. $PQR$ is a triangle, right angled at $P$. If $PQ = 10$cm and $PR = 24$cm, find $QR$.

Ans: Given: $PQ = 10$cm, $PR = 24$cm

Let $QR$ be $x$cm.

In right angled triangle $QPR$,

By Pythagoras Theorem, ${\text{Hypotenus}}{{\text{e}}^2} = {\text{ Bas}}{{\text{e}}^2} + {\text{ Perpendicula}}{{\text{r}}^2}$

${\left( {QR} \right)^2} = {\left( {PQ} \right)^2} + {\left( {PR} \right)^2}$

${\left( x \right)^2} = {\left( {10} \right)^2} + {\left( {24} \right)^2}$

${\left( x \right)^2} = 100 + 576 = 676$

$x = \sqrt {676} = 26cm$

Thus, the length of $QR$ is $26cm$.

2. $ABC$ is a triangle, right angled at $C$. If $AB = 25$cm and $AC = 7$cm, find $BC$.

Ans: Given: $AB = 25$cm, $AC = 7$cm

Let $BC$ be $x$cm.

In right angled triangle $ACB$,

By Pythagoras Theorem, ${\text{Hypotenus}}{{\text{e}}^2} = {\text{ Bas}}{{\text{e}}^2} + {\text{ Perpendicula}}{{\text{r}}^2}$

${\left( {AB} \right)^2} = {\left( {AC} \right)^2} + {\left( {BC} \right)^2}$

${\left( {25} \right)^2} = {\left( 7 \right)^2} + {\left( x \right)^2}$

$625 = 49 + {x^2}$

${x^2} = 625 - 49 = 576$

$x = \sqrt {576} = 24cm$

Thus, the length of $BC$is $24cm$.

3. A $15$m long ladder reached a window $12$m high from the ground on placing it against a wall at a distance $a$. Find the distance of the foot of the ladder from the wall.

Ans: Let $AC$ be the ladder and $A$ be the window.

Given: $AC = 15$m, $AB = 12$m

Let $CB$ be $a$m.

In right angled triangle $ACB$,

By Pythagoras Theorem, ${\text{Hypotenus}}{{\text{e}}^2} = {\text{ Bas}}{{\text{e}}^2} + {\text{ Perpendicula}}{{\text{r}}^2}$

${\left( {AC} \right)^2} = {\left( {CB} \right)^2} + {\left( {AB} \right)^2}$

${\left( {15} \right)^2} = {\left( {12} \right)^2} + {\left( a \right)^2}$

$225 = {a^2} + 144$

${a^2} = 225 - 144 = 81$

$x = \sqrt {81} = 9m$

Hence, the distance of the foot of the ladder from the wall is $9m$.

4. Which of the following can be the sides of a right triangle? In the case of right angled triangles, identify the right angles.

(i) $2.5$cm, $6.5$cm, $6$cm

Ans: Let us consider, the larger side be the hypotenuse and also using Pythagoras theorem,

${\text{Hypotenus}}{{\text{e}}^2} = {\text{ Bas}}{{\text{e}}^2} + {\text{ Perpendicula}}{{\text{r}}^2}$

In $\vartriangle ABC$, ${\left( {AC} \right)^2} = {\left( {AB} \right)^2} + {\left( {BC} \right)^2}$

$L.H.S. = {\left( {6.5} \right)^2} = 42.25cm$

$R.H.S. = {\left( 6 \right)^2} + {\left( {2.5} \right)^2} = 36 + 6.25 = 42.25cm$

Since, $L.H.S. = R.H.S.$

Therefore, the given sides form a right angled triangle.

Right angle lies on the opposite to the greater side $6.5$cm, i.e., at $B$.

(ii) $2$cm, $2$cm, $5$cm

Ans: Let us consider, the larger side be the hypotenuse and also using Pythagoras theorem,

${\text{Hypotenus}}{{\text{e}}^2} = {\text{ Bas}}{{\text{e}}^2} + {\text{ Perpendicula}}{{\text{r}}^2}$

${\left( 5 \right)^2} = {\left( 2 \right)^2} + {\left( 2 \right)^2}$

$L.H.S. = {\left( 5 \right)^2} = 25cm$

$R.H.S. = {\left( 2 \right)^2} + {\left( 2 \right)^2} = 4 + 4 = 8cm$

Since, $L.H.S. \ne R.H.S.$

Therefore, the given sides do not form a right angled triangle.

(iii) $1.5$cm, $2$cm, $2.5$cm

Ans: Let us consider, the larger side be the hypotenuse and also using Pythagoras theorem,

${\text{Hypotenus}}{{\text{e}}^2} = {\text{ Bas}}{{\text{e}}^2} + {\text{ Perpendicula}}{{\text{r}}^2}$

In $\vartriangle PQR$, ${\left( {\operatorname{P} R} \right)^2} = {\left( {PQ} \right)^2} + {\left( {RQ} \right)^2}$

$L.H.S. = {\left( {2.5} \right)^2} = 6.25cm$

$R.H.S. = {\left( 2 \right)^2} + {\left( {1.5} \right)^2} = 4 + 2.25 = 6.25cm$

Since, $L.H.S. = R.H.S.$

Therefore, the given sides form a right angled triangle.

Right angle lies on the opposite to the greater side $2.5$cm, i.e., at $Q$.

5. A tree is broken at a height of $5$m from the ground and its top touches the ground at a distance of $12$m from the base of the tree. Find the original height of the tree.

Ans: Let $A'CB$ represents the tree before it broken at the point $C$ and let the

top $A'$ touches the ground at $A$ after it broke. Then $\vartriangle ABC$ is a right angled triangle, right angled at $B$.

$AB = 12$m and $BC = 5$m

Using Pythagoras theorem, In $\vartriangle ABC$

${\left( {AC} \right)^2} = {\left( {AB} \right)^2} + {\left( {BC} \right)^2}$

${\left( {AC} \right)^2} = {\left( {12} \right)^2} + {\left( 5 \right)^2}$

${\left( {AC} \right)^2} = 144 + 25$

${\left( {AC} \right)^2} = 169$

$AC = 13m$

The total height of the tree is sum of sides $AC$ and $CB$ that is$AC + CB = 13 + 5 = 18m$.

6. Angles $Q$ and $R$ of a $\vartriangle PQR$ are ${25^ \circ }$ and ${65^ \circ }$.

Write which of the following is true:

(i) $P{Q^2} + Q{R^2} = R{P^2}$

(ii) $P{Q^2} + R{P^2} = Q{R^2}$

(iii) $R{P^2} + Q{R^2} = P{Q^2}$

Ans: In $\vartriangle PQR$,

$\angle PQR + \angle QRP + \angle RPQ = {180^ \circ }$ By Angle sum property of a [$\vartriangle $]

${25^ \circ } + {65^ \circ } + \angle RPQ = {180^ \circ }$ $ \Rightarrow $ ${90^ \circ } + \angle RPQ = {180^ \circ }$

$\angle RPQ = {180^ \circ } - {90^ \circ } = {90^ \circ }$

Thus, $\vartriangle PQR$ is a right angled triangle, right angled at $P$.

$\therefore {\text{ Hypotenus}}{{\text{e}}^2} = {\text{ Bas}}{{\text{e}}^2} + {\text{ Perpendicula}}{{\text{r}}^2}$ (By Pythagoras theorem)

$Q{R^2} = P{Q^2} + R{P^2}$

Hence, Option (ii) is correct.

7. Find the perimeter of the rectangle whose length is \[40\]cm and a diagonal is $41$cm.

Ans: Given diagonal $PR = 41$cm, length \[PR = 40\]cm

Let breadth $\left( {QR} \right)$ be $x$cm.

Now, in right angled triangle $PQR$,

${\left( {PR} \right)^2} = {\left( {RQ} \right)^2} + {\left( {PQ} \right)^2}$ (By Pythagoras theorem)

${\left( {41} \right)^2} = {\left( x \right)^2} + {\left( {40} \right)^2}$

$1681 = {\left( x \right)^2} + 1600$

${x^2} = 1681 - 1600$

${x^2} = 81$

$x = \sqrt {81} = 9cm$

Therefore the breadth of the rectangle is $9$cm.

${\text{Perimeter of rectangle = 2}}\left( {{\text{length + breadth}}} \right)$

$ = 2\left( {9 + 49} \right)$

$ = 2 \times 49 = 98cm$

Hence the perimeter of the rectangle is $98$cm.

8. The diagonals of a rhombus measure $16$cm and $30$cm. Find its perimeter.

Ans: Given: Diagonals $AC = 30$cm and $DB = 16$cm.

Since the diagonals of the rhombus bisect at right angle to each other so it divides the diagonals into equal halves.

Therefore, $OD = \frac{{DB}}{2} = \frac{{16}}{2} = 8cm$

And $OC = \frac{{AC}}{2} = \frac{{30}}{2} = 15cm$

Now, In right angle triangle $DOC$,

${\left( {DC} \right)^2} = {\left( {OD} \right)^2} + {\left( {OC} \right)^2}$ (By Pythagoras theorem)

${\left( {DC} \right)^2} = {\left( 8 \right)^2} + {\left( {15} \right)^2}$

${\left( {DC} \right)^2} = 64 + 225 = 289$

$DC = \sqrt {289} = 17cm$

${\text{Perimeter of rhombus = }}4 \times {\text{Side}}$

$ = 4 \times 17 = 68cm$

Thus, the perimeter of rhombus is $68$ cm.

## NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Maths Chapter 6 The Triangle and its Properties Exercise 6.5

Opting for the NCERT solutions for Ex 6.5 Class 7 Maths is considered as the best option for the CBSE students when it comes to exam preparation. This chapter consists of many exercises. Out of which we have provided the Exercise 6.5 Class 7 Maths NCERT solutions on this page in PDF format. You can download this solution as per your convenience or you can study it directly from our website/ app online.

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